महाभारत अनुशासन पर्व अध्याय 63 श्लोक 1-18

trishashtitam (63) adhh‍yay: anushasan parv (danadharm parv)

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mahabharat: anushasan parv: trishashtitam adhyay: shlok 1-18 ka hindi anuvad


annadan ka vishesh mahath‍mh‍y

yudhishthir ne poochha- bharatashreshth! jis raja ko dan karane ki ichchha ho, vah is lok mean gunavan brahmanoan ko kin-kin vastuoan ka dan kare? kis vastu ke dene se brahman turant prasann ho jate haian? aur prasann hokar kya dete haian? mahavaho! ab mujhe danajanit mahan puny ka phal bataiye. rajan! ihalok aur paralok mean kaun-sa dan vishesh phal dene vala hota hai? yah maian apake muanh se sunana chahata hooan. ap is vishay ka vistarapoorvak varnan kijiye.

bhishm ji ne kaha- yudhishthir! yahi bat maianne pahale ek bar devarshi narad ji se poochhi thi. us samay unhoanne mujhase jo kuchh kaha tha, vahi tumhean bata raha hooan suno.

narad ji ne kaha- devata aur rrishi ann ki hi prashansa karate haian, ann se hi lokayatra ka nirvah hota hai. usi se buddhi ko sphoorti prapt hoti hai tatha us ann mean hi sab kuchh pratishthit hai. ann ke saman n koee dan tha aur n hoga. isaliye manushy adhikatar ann ka hi dan karana chahate haian. prabho! sansar mean ann hi sharir ke bal ko badhane vala hai. ann ke hi adhar par pran tike hue haian aur is sampoorn jagat ko ann ne hi dharan kar rakha hai. is jagat mean grihasth, vanaprasth tatha bhiksha maangane vale bhi ann se hi jite haian. ann se hi sabake pranoan ki raksha hoti hai. is bat ka sabako pratyaksh anubhav hai, isamean sanshay nahian hai. atah apane kalyan ki ichchha rakhane vale manushy ko chahiye ki vah ann ke liye du:khi, bal-bachchoan vale, mahamanasvi brahman ko aur bhiksha maangane vale ko bhi ann dan kare. jo yachana karane vale supatr brahman ko ann dan deta hai, vah paralok mean apane liye ek achchhi nidhi (khajana) bana leta hai. raste ka thaka-maanda boodha rahagir yadi ghar par a jaye to apana kalyan chahane vale grihasth ko us adaraniy atithi ka adar karana chahiye.

rajan! jo purush man mean uthe hue krodh ko dabakar aur eershh‍ya ko tyagakar achchhe shil-svabhav ka parichay deta hua annadan karata hai, vah ihalok aur paralok mean bhi sukh pata hai. apane ghar par koee bhi a jaye to usaka n to apaman karana chahiye aur n use ta dana hi deni chahiye; kyoanki chandal athava kutte ko bhi diya hua annadan kabhi nasht nahian hota (vyarth nahian jata). jo manushy kasht mean p de hue aparichit rahi ko prasannatapoorvak ann deta hai, use mahan dhan ki prapti hoti hai. nareshh‍var! jo devataoan, pitaroan, rrishiyoan, brahmanoan aur atithiyoan ko ann dekar santusht karata hai, usake puny ka phal mahan hai. jo mahan pap karake bhi yachak manushy ko, usamean bhi visheshatah brahman ko ann deta hai, vah apane pap ke karan moh mean nahian p data hai. brahman ko ann ka dan diya jaye to akshay phal prapt hota hai aur shoodr ko bhi dene se mahan phal prapt hota hai; kyoanki ann ka dan shoodr ko diya jaye ya brahman ko, usaka vishesh phal hota hai. yadi brahman ann ki yachana kare to usase gotr, shakha, vedadhyayan aur nivasasthan adi ka parichay n poochhean; turant hi usaki seva mean ann upasthit kar dean.

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