महाभारत भीष्म पर्व अध्याय 29 श्लोक 1-7

ekonatrish (29) adhyay: bhishm parv (shrimadbhagavadgita parv)

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mahabharat: bhishm parv: ekonatrish adhyay: shlok 1-7 ka hindi anuvad

saankhh‍yayog, nishh‍kam karmayog, jnanayog evan bhaktisahit dhh‍yanayog ka varnan

shrimadbhagavadgita a‍dhyay 5

sanbandh- gita ke tisare aur chauthe adhh‍yay mean arjun ne bhagavanh ke shrimukh se anekoan prakar se karmayog ki prashansasuni aur usake samh‍padan ki prerana tatha ajna praph‍t ki. sath hi vah bhi suna ki ‘karmayog ke dvara bhagavath‍sh‍varoop ka tatth‍vajnan apane-ap hi ho jata hai[1]; gita ke chauthe adhh‍yay ke aant mean bhi unh‍hean bhagavanh ke dvara karmayog ke samh‍padan ki hi ajna mili. parantu bich-bich mean unh‍hoanne bhavaganh ke shrimukh se hi ‘brahmarpanan brahm havi:[2]’ ‘brahmagravapare yajnan yajnenaivopajuhriti[3], ‘tadh viddhi pranipaten[4]’ adi vachanoan dvara jnanayog arthath karmasannh‍yas ki bhi prashansa suni. isase arjun yah nirnay nahian kar sake ki in donoan mean se mere liye kaun-sa sadhan shreshth hai. atev ab bhagavanh ke shrimukh se hi usaka nirnay karane ke uddeshh‍y se arjun unase prashh‍n karate haian- arjun bole- he krishh‍n! ap karmoan ke sannh‍yas ki aur phir karmayog ki prashansa karate haian. isaliye in donoan mean se jo ek mere liye bhalibhaanti nishchit kalh‍yanakarak sadhan ho, usako kahiye[5]

shribhagavanh bole- karmasanh‍anyas[6] aur karmayog- ye donoan hi param kalh‍yan ke karane vale haian, parantu un donoan mean bhi karmasannh‍yas se karmayog sadhan mean sugam hone se shreshth hai.[7] he arjun! jo purush n kisi se dvesh karata hai aur n kisi ki akaanksha karata hai, vah karmayogi sada sannh‍yasi hi samajhane yogh‍y hai;[8] kh‍yoanki rag-dveshadi dvanh‍dvoan se rahit purush sukhapoorvak sansar bandhan se mukh‍t ho jata hai. uparyukh‍t sannh‍yas aur karmayog ko moorkh log prithakh-prithakh phal dene vale kahate haian n ki panditajan, kh‍yoanki donoan mean se ek mean bhi samh‍yakh prakar se sthit purush donoan ke phalaroop paramath‍ma ko praph‍t hota hai.[9] jnanayogiyoan dvara jo paramadham praph‍t kiya jata hai, karmayogiyoan dvara bhi vahi praph‍t kiya jata hai.[10]

isaliye jo purush jnanayog aur karmayog ko phalaroop mean ek dekhata hai, vahi yatharth dekhata hai. parantu he arjun! karmayog ke bina sannh‍yas arthath man, indriy aur sharir dvara hone vale samh‍poorn karmoan mean kartapan ka th‍yag praph‍t hona kathin hai[11] aur bhagavath‍sh‍varoop ko man karane vala karmayogi parabrahm paramath‍ma ko shighr hi praph‍t ho jata hai.[12] jisaka man apane vash mean hai, jo jitendriy evan vishuddh ant:karan vala haian[13] aur sampoorn praniyoan ka atmaroop paramatma hi jisaka atma hai, aisa karmayogi karm karata hua bhi lipt nahian hota.

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tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. gita 4. 38
  2. gita 4.24
  3. gita 4.25
  4. gita 4.34
  5. samh‍poorn karmoan mean kartapan ke abhiman se rahit hokar aisa samajhana ki gun hi gunoan mean barah rahe haian, (gita 3.28) tatha nirantar paramath‍ma ke sh‍varoop mean ekibhav se sthit rahana aur sarvada sarvatr brahmadrishti rakhana (gita 4.24)’- yahi jnanayog hai- yahi karmasannh‍yas hai. gita ke chauthe adhh‍yay mean isi prakar ke jnanayog ki prashansa ki gayi hai aur usi ke adhar par arjun ka yah prashh‍n hai.
  6. man, vani aur sharir dvara hone vali samh‍poorn kriyaoan mean kartapan ke abhiman ka aur sharir tatha samash‍t sansar mean ahanta-mamata ka poornataya th‍yag hi ‘sannh‍yas’ shabh‍d ka arth hai. chauthe aur paanchave shh‍lokoan mean ‘sannh‍yas’ ko hi ‘saankhh‍y’ kahakar bhalibhaanti sh‍pashh‍tikaran bhi kar diya hai. atev yahaan ‘sannh‍yas’ shabh‍d ka arth ‘saankhh‍yayog’ hi manana yukh‍t hai.
  7. karmayogi karm karate hue bhi sada sannh‍yasi hi hai, vah sukhapoorvak anayas hi sansarabandhan se chhoot jata hai. (gita 5.3) use shighr hi paramath‍ma ki prapti ho jati hai. (gita 5.6) prath‍yek avash‍tha mean bhagavan usaki raksha karate haian (gita 1.22) aur karmayog ka tho da-sa bhi sadhan janh‍m-maranaroop mahan bhay se uddhar kar deta hai. (gita 2.40) kiantu jnanayog ka sadhan kh‍leshayukh‍t hai (gita 12.5), pahale karmayog ka sadhan kiye bina usaka hona bhi kathin hai. (gita 6.6) inh‍hian sab karanoan se jnanayog ki apeksha karmayog ko shreshth batalaya gaya hai.
  8. karmayogi n kisi se dvesh karata hai or n kisi vastu ki akaanksha karata hai, vah dvandvoan se sarvatha atit ho jata hai. vastav mean sannyas bhi isi sthiti ka nam hai. jo rag-dvesh se rahit haian, vahi sachcha sannyasi hai; kyoanki use n to sannyas-ashram grahan karane ki avashh‍yakata hai aur n saankhh‍yayog ki hi. atev yahaan karmayogi ko ‘nityasannyasi’ kahakar bhagavanh usaka mahattv prakat karate haian ki samast karm karate hue bhi vah sada sannyasi hi hai aur sukhapoorvak anayas hi karmabandhan se chhoot jata hai.
  9. ’saankhh‍yayog’ aur ‘karmayog’ donoan hi paramarthatattv ke jnan dvara paramapadaroop kalyan ki prapti mean hetu hai. is prakar donoan ka phal ek hone par bhi jo log karmayog ka doosara phal manate haian aur saankhh‍yayog ka doosara, ve phalabhed ki kalpana karake donoan sadhanoan ko prithakh-prithakh manane vale log balak hai; kyoanki donoan ki sadhanapranali mean bhed hone par bhi phal mean ekata hone ke karan vastut: donoan mean ekata hi haian. donoan nishh‍thaoan ka phal ek hi haian, atev yah kahana uchit hi hai ki ek mean poornataya sthit purush donoan ke phal ko prapt kar leta hai. gita ke terahavean adhh‍yay ke chaubisavean shh‍lok mean bhi bhagavanh ne donoan ko hi atmasakshatkar ke svatantr sadhan mana haian.
  10. jaise kisi manushh‍y ko bharatavarsh se amerika ko jana hai, to vah yadi thik raste se hokar yahaan se poorv-hi-poorv disha mean jata rahe to bhi amerika pahuanch jayaga aur pashchim-hi-pashchim ki or chalata rahe to bhi amerika pahuanch jayaga. vaise hi saankhh‍yayog aur karmayog ki sadhanapranali mean paraspar bhed hone par bhi jo manushh‍y kisi ek sadhan mean dridhatapoorvak laga rahata hai, vah donoan ke hi ekamatr param lakshh‍y paramatma tak pahuanch hi jata hai.
  11. jo mumuksh purush yah manata hai ki ‘samast drishh‍y-jagh svapann ke sadrish mithh‍ya hai, ekamatr brahm hi saty hai; yah sara prapanch maya se usi brahm mean adhh‍yaropit hai, vastut: doosari koee satta hai hi nahian;’ parantu usaka ant:karan shuddh nahian hai, usamean rag-dvesh tatha kam-krodhadi dosh vartaman haian, vah yadi ant:karan ki shuddhi ke liye karmayog ka acharan n karake keval apani manyata ke bharose par hi saankhh‍yayog ke sadhan mean lagana chahega to use ‘saankhh‍yanishh‍tha’ sahaj hi nahian prapt ho sakegi.
  12. jo sab kuchh bhagavanh ka samajhakar siddhi-asiddhi mean samabhav rakhate hue asakti aur phalechchha ka tyag karake bhagavadajnanusar samast kartavyakarmoan ka acharan karata hai aur shraddha-bhaktipoorvak nam, gun aur prabhavasahit shribhagavanh ke svaroop chintan karata haian, vah bhaktiyukt karmayog ka sadhak muni bhagavanh ki daya se paramarthajnan ke dvara shighr hi parabrahm paramatma ko prapt ho jata haian.
  13. man aur indriyaan yadi sadhak ke vash mean n ho to unaki svabhavik hi vishayoan mean pravritti hoti haian aur ant:karan mean jab tak rag-dveshadi mal rahata hai, tab tak siddhi aur asiddhi mean samabhav rahana kathin hota hai. atev jab tak man aur indriyaan bhalibhaanti vash mean n ho jayan aur ant:karan poornaroop se parishuddh n ho jay, tab tak sadhak ko vastavik karmayogi nahian kaha ja sakata. isiliye yah kaha gaya hai ki jisamean ye sab batean hi vahian poorn karmayogi hai aur usi ko shighr brahm ki prapti hoti hai.

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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