महाभारत शान्ति पर्व अध्याय 69 श्लोक 1-15

ekonasaptatim (69) adhyay: shanti parv (rajadharmanushasan parv)

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mahabharat: shanti parv: ekonasaptatim adhyay: shlok 1-15 ka hindi anuvad


raja ke pradhan kartavyoan ka tatha danh daniti ke dvara yugoan ke nirman ka varnan

yudhishthir ne poochha-pitamah! raja ke dvara vishesh roop se palan karane yogy aur kaun-sa kary shesh hai? use gaanvo ki raksha karani chahiye aur shatruoan ko kis prakar jitana chahiye? raja guptachar ki niyukti kaise kare? sab varnoan ke man mean kis prakar vishvas utpann kare? bharat! vah bhrityoan, striyoan aur putroan ko bhi kaise karyan me lagave? tatha unake man mean bhi kis tarah vishvas paida kare?

bhishm ji ne kaha-maharaj! kshatriy raja athava rajakary karane vale any purush ko sabase pahale jo kary karana chahiye, vah sara rajakiy achar-vyavahar savadhan hokar suno. raja ko sabase pahale sada apane manapar vijay prapt karani chahiye, usake bad shatruoan ko jitane ki cheshta karani chahiye. jis raja ne apane man ko nahian jita, vah shatrupar vijay kaise pa sakata hai? shrotr adi paanchoan indriyoan ko vash mean rakhana yahi man par vijay pana hai. jitendriy naresh hi apane shatruoan ka daman kar sakata haian. kurunandan! raja ko kiloan mean, rajy ki simapar tatha nagar aur gaanv ke bagichoan mean sena rakhani chahiyean. narasianh! isi prakar sabhi p davoan par, b de-b de gaanvoan aur nagaroan mean, antahpur mean tatha rajamahal ke as-pas bhi rakshak sainikoan ki niyukti karani chahiye. tadanantar jin logoan ki achchhi tarah pariksha kar li gayi ho, jo buddhiman hone par bhi dekhane mean gooange, aandhe aur bahare-se jan p date hoan tatha jo bhookh-pyas aur parishram sahane ki shakti rakhate hoan, aise logoan ko hi guptachar banakar avashyak karyoan mean niyukt karana chahiye. maharaj! raja ekagrachitt ho sab mantriyoan, nana prakar ke mitroan tatha guptachar niyukt karean. nagar, janapad tatha mallalog jahaan vyayam karate hoan, un sthanoan mean aisi yukti se guptachar niyukt karane chahiye, jisase ve apas mean bhi ek-doosare ko pahachan n sakean. bharatashreshth! raja ko apane guptacharoan dvara bajaroan, logoan ke ghumane-phirane ke sthanoan, samajik utsavoan, bhikshukoan ke samudayoan, bagichoan, udyanoan, vidvanoan ki sabhaoan, vibhinn prantoan, chairahoan, sabhaoan aur dharmashalaoan mean bheje hue guptacharoan ka pata lagate rahana chahiyean. pandunandan! is prakar buddhiman raja shatru ke guptachar ka toh leta rahe. yadi usane shatru ke jasoos ka pahale hi pata laga liya to isase usaka b da hit hota hai. yadi raja ko apana paksh svayan hi nirbal jan p de to mantriyoan se salah lekar balavanh shatru ke sath sandhi kar le. pate! vidvanh kshatriy, vaishy tatha anek shastroan ke jnata brahman yadi dandaniti ke jnan mean nipun hoan to inhean mantri banana chahiye. pahale nitishastr ka tattv janane vale vidvan brahman se kisi kary ke liye salah poochhani chahiye. isake bad prithvipalak naresh ko chahiye ki vah nitijn kshatriy se abhisht kary ke vishay mean poochhe. tadanantar apane hit mean lage rahane vale shastrajn vaishy aur shoodraan se salah le. apani hinata ya nirbalata ka pata shatru ko lagane se pahale hi shatru ke sath sandhi kar leni chahiye. yadi is sandhi ke dvara koee prayojan siddh karane ki ichchha ho to vidvanh evan buddhiman raja ko is karyan mean vilamb nahian karana chahiye.

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