महाभारत शान्ति पर्व अध्याय 138 श्लोक 1-17

ashtatrianshadadhikashatatam(138) adhyay: shanti parv (apaddharm parv)

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mahabharat: shanti parv: ashtatrianshadadhikashatatam adhyay: shlok 1-17 ka hindi anuvad


shatruoan se ghire hue raja ke kartavh‍y ke vishay mean bidal aur choohe ka akhh‍yan


yudhishthir bole- bharatashreshth! apane sarvatr anagat (sakant ane se pahale hi ath‍maraksha ki vh‍yavash‍tha karane vali) tatha prath‍yutpanh‍n (samay par bachav ka upay soch lene vali) buddhi ko hi shreshth bataya hai aur prath‍yek kary mean alash‍y ke karan vilamh‍b karane vali buddhi ko vinashakari b‍taya hai. bharatabhooshan! at: ab maian us shreshth buddhi ke vishay mean apase sunana chahata hooan, jisaka ashray lene se dharm aur arth mean kushal tatha dharmashastr visharad raja shatruoan-dvara ghira rahane par bhi moh mean nahian p data. kurushreshth! usi buddhi ke vishay mean maian apase prashh‍n karata hooan at: ap mere liye usaki vh‍yakhh‍ya karean. bahut-se shatruoan ka akraman ho jane par raja ko kaisa bartav karana chahiye? yah sab kuchh maian vidhipoorvak sunana chahata hooan. pahale ke sataye hue dakoo adi shatru jab raja ko sankat mean pada़ hua dekhate haian, tab ve bahut-se milakar us asahay raja ko ukha d pheankane ka prayath‍n karate haian. jab anek mahabali shatru kisi durbal raja ko sab or se h dap jane ke liye taiyar ho jayan, tab us ekamatr asahay naresh ke dvara us paristhiti ka kaise samana kiya ja sakata hai? raja kis prakar mitr aur shatru ko apane vash mean karata hai tatha use shatru aur mitr ke bich mean rahakar kaisi cheshta karani chahiye? pahale lakshanoan dvara jise mitr samajha gaya hai, vahi manushh‍y yadi shatru ho jay, tab usake sath koee purush kaisa bartav kare? athava kh‍ya karake vah sukhi ho? kisake sath vigrah kare? athava kisake sath sandhi jode़ aur balavan purush bhi yadi shatruoan ke bich mean mil jay to usake sath kaisa bartav kare? parantap pitamah! yah kary samash‍t karyoan mean shreshth hai. sath‍yapratijn jitendriy shanh‍tanunanh‍dan bhishh‍m ke siva, doosara koee is vishay ko batane vala nahian hai. isako sunane vala bhi durlabh hi hai. at mahabhag! ap usaka anusandhan karake yah sara vishay mujhase kahiye.

bhishh‍m ji ne kaha- bharatananh‍dan beta yudhishthir! tumh‍hara yah vish‍tarapoorvak poochhana bahut thik hai. yah sukh ki prapti karane vala hai. apatti ke samay kh‍ya karana chahiye? yah vishay gopaniy hone se sabako maloom nahian hai. tum yah sab rahash‍y mujhase suno.

bhinh‍n-bhinh‍n karyoan ka aisa prabhav p data hai, jisake karan kabhi shatru bhi mitr ban jata hai aur kabhi mitr ka man bhi dveshabhav se dooshit ho jata hai. vash‍tav mean shatru-mitr ki paristhiti sada ek-si nahian rahati hai. at desh-kal ko samajhakar kartavh‍y-akartavh‍y ka nishh‍chay karake kisi par vishh‍vas aur kisi ke sath yuddh karana chahiye. bharat! kartavh‍y ka vichar karake sada hit chahane vale vidvanh mitroan ke sath sandhi karani chahiye aur avashh‍yakata p danean par shatruoan se bhi sandhi kar leni chahiye, kh‍yoanki pranoan ki raksha sada hi kartavh‍y hai. bharat! jo moorkh manav shatruoan ke sath kabhi kisi bhi dasha mean sandhi nahian karata, vah apane kisi bhi uddeshh‍y ko siddh nahian kar sakata aur n koee phal hi pa sakata hai. jo sh‍varth siddhi ka avasar dekhakar shatru se to sandhi kar leta hai aur mitroan ke sath virodh badha़ leta hai, vah mahan phal praph‍t kar leta hai.

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tika tippani aur sandarbh

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varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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