कर्ण

Disamb2.jpg karn ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- karn (bahuvikalpi)
sankshipt parichay
karn
karn ka kalpanik chitr
any nam radhey, vasushen, vaikartan[1]
vansh-gotr chandravansh
kul yadukul
pita soory
mata kunti
dharm pita pandu
palak pita adhirath
palak mata radha
janm vivaran durvasa rrishi ke varadan se kunti ne soory ka ahvan karake kaumary mean hi karn ko putr svaroop prapt kiya aur lok laj bhay se nadi mean baha diya. hastinapur ke sarathi adhirath aur usaki patni radha ne pala. isalie karn ko radhey bhi kahate haian.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
parijan kunti ke any putr yudhishthir, bhim, arjun, nakul aur sahadev, radha ke any putr shon
guru parashuram
vivah karn ke do vivah hue. usaki ek patni ka nam vrishali tha, jabaki doosari ke nam par matabhed haian jo is prakar haian- 'supriya', 'padmavati', 'punnuruvi'.
santan vrishali se putr 'sushen', supriya se 'bhanusen', 'susharma', 'prasen' tatha padmavati se 'vrishasen', 'vrishaketu' aur 'chitrasen' ka janm hua.[2][3]
vidya parangat kushal dhanurdhari, maharathi, indr amoghastr
mahajanapad aang
shasan-rajy aang
prasiddh ghatanaean karn danavir ke roop mean prasiddh the. unhoanne apane kavach-kundal dan mean diye aur antim samay mean sone ka daant bhi de diya tha.
mrityu mahabharat yuddh mean arjun dvara vadh
sanbandhit lekh mahabharat

karn mahabharat ke prasiddh yoddha, arjun ke pratidvandi aur yuddh ke aantim dinoan mean kauravoan ki sena ke senapati karn kuanti ke kumari avastha mean utpann hue the. kuanti ki seva se prasann durvasa rrishi ne use ek mantr diya tha jisase vah kisi ka bhi ahvan karake use apane pas bula sakati thi. utsukata vash kuanti ne soory ka ahvan kiya aur usake sahavas se karn garbh mean a gaya. lokalaj se shishu ko usane ek pitari mean rakhakar nadi mean baha diya. vah pitari soot adhirath aur usaki patni radha ko mili aur unhoanne putravat balak ka lalan-palan kiya. isi karan karn ko 'soot-putr aur 'radhey' bhi kaha gaya hai. inake atirikt karn ko 'vasushen' tatha 'vaikartan' nam se bhi jana jata hai.

janm katha

yaduvanshi raja shoorasen ki poshit kanya kunti jab sayani huee to pita ne use ghar aye huye mahatmaoan ke seva mean laga diya. pita ke atithigrih mean jitane bhi sadhu-mahatma, rrishi-muni adi ate, kunti unaki seva man laga kar kiya karati thi. ek bar vahaan durvasa rrishi a pahuanche. kunti ne unaki bhi man laga kar seva ki. kunti ki seva se prasann ho kar durvasa rrishi ne kaha, 'putri! maian tumhari seva se atyant prasann hua hooan atah tujhe ek aisa mantr deta hooan jisake prayog se too jis devata ka smaran karegi vah tatkal tere samaksh prakat ho kar teri manokamana poorn karega.' is prakar durvasa rrishi kunti ko mantr pradan kar ke chale gaye. aisa mana jata hai ki karnada nadi ka nam karn ke nam par rakha gaya tha.

mantr ki satyata

ek din kunti ne us mantr ki satyata ki jaanch karane ke liye ekant sthan par baith kar us mantr ka jap karate huye sooryadev ka smaran kiya. usi kshan sooryadev vahaan prakat ho kar bole, "devi! mujhe batao ki tum mujhase kis vastu ki abhilasha karati ho. maian tumhari abhilasha avashy poorn karooanga." is par kunti ne kaha, "he dev! mujhe apase kisi bhi prakar ki abhilasha nahian hai. maianne mantr ki satyata parakhane ke liye jap kiya hai." kunti ke in vachanoan ko sun kar sooryadev bole, "he kunti! mera ana vyarth nahian ja sakata. maian tumhean ek atyant parakrami tatha danashil putr deta hooan." itana kah kar sooryadev antardhan ho gaye. kunti ne lajjavash yah bat kisi se nahian kah saki. samay ane par usake garbh se kavach-kundal dharan kiye huye putr utpann hua. karn kuanti ke kanin putr the. lok-lajja ke bhay se kunti ne use manjoosha mean rakh kar ratri bela mean ganga mean baha diya. vah balak bahata hua us sthan par pahuancha jahaan par dhritarashtr ka sarathi adhirath apane ashv ko ganga nadi mean jal pila raha tha. usaki drishti kavach-kundaladhari shishu par p di. adhirath niahsantan tha, usane balak ko apane gale se laga liya aur ghar lakar usaka apane putr ke saman palan kiya. us balak ke kan bahut hi sundar the isaliye usaka nam karn rakha gaya. is soot dampati ne hi karn ka palan-poshan kiya tha isi se karn ke lie 'sootaputr' tatha 'radhey' namoan ka bhi prayog milata hai.

shastr vidya

karn ko shastr vidya ki shiksha dronachary ne hi di thi, kintu karn ki utpatti ke sambandh mean sandigdh hokar unhoanne use brahmastr ka prayog nahian sikhaya. at: karn parashuram ke pas gaye aur apane ko brahman batakar shastr vidya sikhane lage. ek din parashuram ko kisi prakar yah jnat ho gaya ki yah brahman nahian hai. isalie unhoanne karn ko shap diya ki jis samay tumhean is vidya ki avashyakata hogi us samay tum ise bhool jaoange.[4]

duryodhan se mitrata

arambh se hi karn ki arjun se pratidvandvita thi, jis karan duryodhan se usaki mitrata ho gee thi. astr-shastr ki vidya sikhate samay karn ne ek brahman ki gau ko ban se mara tha. du:khi brahman ne karn ko shap diya ki- "jise tum marana chahate ho, usi ke hathoan se mare jaoge." karn ne duryodhan ke lie saphalatapoorvak ashvamedh yajn bhi kiya tha. jis samay draupadi ke svayanvar ke lie rajagan drupad ke yahaan ekatr hue the. duryodhan ne karn ko isake upayukt siddh karane ke lie kaliang desh ka adhipati banaya tha. drupad ke yahaan arjun ke poorv karn ne matsyavedh kiya tha parantu draupadi ne karn ke sath vivah karana asvikar kar diya. phalat: karn ne apane ko vishesh roop se apamanit samajha.

karn aur usaka parivar

karn ka vivah padmavati nam ki kanya se hua tha, jisake garbh se karn ke vrishasen, vrishaketu tatha chitrasen adi putr hue the.[5][3] karn aur arjun balyakal se hi paraspar pratidvandvi the. sootaputr hone ke karan arjun karn ko hey samajhate the. unhean yah jnat nahian tha ki karn unake b de bhaee haian. bhishm bhi karn ko isi karan adhirath kahate the. karn ne paanchoan pandavoan ka vadh karane ka sankalp kiya tha, par mata kunti ke kahane par unhoanne apane vadh ki pratijna arjun tak hi simit kar di thi.

karn ki danavirata ke bhi anek sandarbh milate haian. unaki danashilata ki khyati sunakar indr unake pas kundal aur kavach maangane gaye the. karn ne apane pita soory ke dvara indr ki pravanchana ka rahasy janate hue bhi unako kundal aur kavach de diye. indr ne usake badale mean ek bar prayog ke lie apani amogh shakti de di thi. usase kisi ka vadh avashyambhavi tha. karn us shakti ka prayog arjun par karana chahate the kintu duryodhan ke nirdesh par unhoanne usaka prayog bhim ke putr ghatotkach par kiya tha. apane antim samay mean pitamah bhishm ne karn ko unake janm ka rahasy batate hue mahabharat ke yuddh mean pandavoan ka sath dene ko kaha tha kintu karn ne isaka pratirodh karake apani satyanishtha ka parichay diya. bhishm ke anantar karn kaurav sena ke senapati niyukt hue the. ant mean tin din tak yuddh sanchalan ke uparant arjun ne unaka vadh kar diya. karn ke charitr mean adarshoan ka darshan unaki danavirata evan yuddhavirata ke yugapat prasangoan mean kiya ja sakata hai.[4]

mahabharat ka yuddh

mahabharat ka yuddh nishchivat ho jane par kunti vyakul ho uthian. vah nahian chahati thian ki karn ka pandavoan ke sath yuddh ho. ve karn ko samajhane ke lie karn ke pas gayian. kunti ko dekhakar karn unake samman mean uth kh de huye aur bole,'ap pahali bar aee haian atah ap is 'radhey' ka pranam svikar karean.' karn ki batoan ko sun kunti ka hriday vyathit ho gaya aur unhoanne kaha,'putr! tum 'radhey' nahian 'kauntey' ho. maian hi tumhari maan hooan kintu lokachar ke bhay se maianne tumhean tyag diya tha. tum pandavoan ke jyeshth bhrata ho. isaliye is yuddh mean tumhean kauravoan ke sath nahian varanh apane bhaiyoan ke sath rahana chahiye. maian nahian chahati ki bhaiyoan mean paraspar yuddh ho. maian chahati hooan ki tum pandavoan ke paksh mean raho. jyeshth bhrata hone ke karan pandavoan ke rajy ke tum adhikari ho. meri ichchha hai ki yuddh jitakar tum raja bano.'
karn ne jabav diya,'he mata! apane mujhe tyag tha, kshatriyoan ke uttam kul mean janm lekar bhi maian sootaputr kahalata hooan. kshatriy hokar bhi sootaputr kahalane ke karan dronachary ne mera guru banana svikar nahian kiya. yuvaraj duryodhan hi mere sachche mitr haian. maian unake upakar ko bhool kar kritaghn nahian ban sakata. kintu apaka mere pas ana vyarth nahian jayega kyoanki aj tak karn ke pas se khali hath kabhi koee nahian gaya hai. maian apako vachan deta hooan ki maian arjun ke sivay apake kisi putr par astr shastr ka prayog nahian karooanga. mera aur arjun ka yuddh avashyambhavi hai aur us yuddh mean ham donoan mean se ek ki mrityu nishchirat hai. meri pratijna hai ki ap paanch putroan ki hi mata bani raheangi.'karn ki bat sunakar tatha unhean ashirvad dekar kunti vyathit hriday lekar laut aeean.

viragati

karn ne arjun ko marane ke lie 'asur vrat' ka anushthan kiya tha. is samay shrikrishn aur arjun ke pita iandr ne usaki kathin parikshaean li thian. guru dronachary ke mare jane par yuddh ke solahavean din karn ko kaurav sena ka senapati niyukt kiya gaya. arjun ko chho dakar any paandavoan ko usane jita, parantu kuanti ke anurodh se unaka vadh nahian kiya. yuddh ke satrahavean din karn arjun ke hathoan mare gaye.[6][3]

danavir karn

mahabharat ka yuddh chal raha tha. sooryast ke bad sabhi apane-apane shiviroan mean the. us din arjun karn ko parajit kar ahankar mean choor the. vah apani virata ki diangean haankate hue karn ka tiraskar karane lage. yah dekhakar shrikrishn bole-'parth! karn sooryaputr hai. usake kavach aur kundal dan mean prapt karane ke bad hi tum vijay pa sake ho anyatha use parajit karana kisi ke vash mean nahian tha. vir hone ke sath hi vah danavir bhi haian. ' karn ki danavirata ki bat sunakar arjun tark dekar usaki upeksha karane laga. shrikrishn arjun ki manodasha samajh ge. ve shaant svar mean bole-'parth! karn ranakshetr mean ghayal p da hai. tum chaho to usaki danavirata ki pariksha le sakate ho.' arjun ne shrikrishn ki bat man li. donoan brahman ke roop mean usake pas pahuanche. ghayal hone ke bad bhi karn ne brahmanoan ko pranam kiya aur vahaan ane ka uddeshy poochha. shrikrishn bole-'rajan! apaki jay ho. ham yahaan bhiksha lene ae haian. kripaya hamari ichchha poorn karean.' karn tho da lajjit hokar bola-'brahman dev! maian ranakshetr mean ghayal p da hooan. mere sabhi sainik mare ja chuke haian. mrityu meri pratiksha kar rahi hai. is avastha mean bhala maian apako kya de sakata hooan?'

'rajan! isaka arth yah hua ki ham khali hath hi laut jaean? kiantu isase apaki kirti dhoomil ho jaegi. sansar apako dharmavihin raja ke roop mean yad rakhega.' yah kahate hue ve lautane lage. tabhi karn bola-'thaharie brahmanadev! mujhe yash-kirti ki ichchha nahian hai, lekin maian apane dharm se vimukh hokar marana nahian chahata. isalie maian apaki ichchha avashy poorn karooanga.' karn ke do daant sone ke the. unhoanne nikat p de patthar se unhean to da aur bole-'brahman dev! maianne sarvada svarn(sone) ka hi dan kiya hai. isalie ap in svarnayukt daantoan ko svikar karean.' shrikrishn dan asvikar karate hue bole-'rajan! in daantoan par rakt laga hai aur apane inhean mukh se nikala hai. isalie yah svarn jootha hai. ham jootha svarn svikar nahian kareange.' tab karn ghisatate hue apane dhanush tak ge aur us par ban chadhakar ganga ka smaran kiya. tatpashchath ban bhoomi par mara. bhoomi par ban lagate hi vahaan se ganga ki tez jal dhara bah nikali. karn ne usamean daantoan ko dhoya aur unhean dete hue kaha-'brahmanoan! ab yah svarn shuddh hai. kripaya ise grahan karean.' tabhi karn par pushpoan ki varsha hone lagi. bhagavan shrikrishn aur arjun apane vastavik svaroop mean prakat ho ge. vismit karn bhagavan shrikrishn ki stuti karate hue bola-'bhagavan! apake darshan pakar maian dhany ho gaya. mere sabhi pap nasht ho ge prabhu! ap bhaktoan ka kalyan karane vale haian. mujh par bhi kripa karean.' tab shrikrishn use ashirvad dete hue bole-'karn! jab tak yah soory, chandr, tare aur prithvi raheange, tumhari danavirata ka gunagan tinoan lokoan mean kiya jaega. sansar mean tumhare saman mahan danavir n to hua hai aur n kabhi hoga. tumhari yah ban ganga yugoan-yugoan tak tumhare gunagan karati rahegi. ab tum moksh prapt karoge. karn ki danavirata aur dharmaparayanata dekhakar arjun bhi usake samaksh natamastak ho gaya.

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. adi parv, adhyay 110, shlok 31
  2. bhagavatapuran 9.23.13-14; 10.49.2; vishnupuran 4.14.36; 18.28.9; 5.35.5.7; 38.16
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 pauranik kosh |lekhak: rana prasad sharma |prakashak: jnanamandal limited, varanasi |sankalan: bharat diskavari pustakalay |prishth sankhya: 89 |
  4. 4.0 4.1 hindi sahity kosh, bhag 2, namavachi shabdavali |prakashak: jnanamandal limited, varanasi |sankalan: bharatakosh pustakalay |sanpadan: d aau. dhireandr varma (pradhan) |prishth sankhya: 71 |
  5. bhagavatapuran 9.23.13-14; 10.49.2; vishnupuran 4.14.36; 18.28-9; 5.35.5.7; 38.16
  6. mahabharat tatha bhagavatapuran 10.68.5, 9; 75.5; 78 (95 95) 16) aur 37

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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