विदुर

vidur

vidur kauravoan aur paandavoan ke kaka tatha dhritarashtr evan paandu ke bhaee the. unako dharmaraj ka avatar bhi mana jata hai.parampara se vidur ek nitijn ke roop mean vikhyat haian. hindi niti kavy par vidur ke kathanoan evan siddhantoan ka paryapt prabhav drishtigochar hota hai. mahabharat-yuddh ko rokane ke lie vidur ne yatn kiye, par antat: asaphal rahe. yuddh ke anantar vidur paandavoan ke bhi mantri hue. jivan ke antim kshanoan mean inhoanne vanavas grahan kar liya tatha van mean hi inaki mrityu huee. vidur dhritarashtr ke mantri kintu nyayapriyata ke karan paandavoan ke hitaishi the. inaki prasiddh rachana 'vidur niti' ke antargat niti siddhantoan ka sundar niroopan hua hai.

janm vivaran

hastinapur naresh shaantanu ki rani satyavati ke chitraangad aur vichitraviry namak do putr huye the. jab chitraangad aur vichitraviry chhote hi the, tabhi shantanu ka svargavas ho gaya. isaliye unaka palan-poshan bhishm ne kiya. bhishm ne chitraangad ke b de hone par use rajagaddi par bitha diya, kintu kuchh samay bad hi vah gandharvoan se yuddh karate huye mara gaya. vichitraviry ko rajy sauanpane ke bad bhishm ko vichitraviry ke vivah ki chinta huee. usi samay kashiraj ki tin kanyaoan- amba, ambika aur ambalika ka svayanvar hone vala tha. bhishm ne vahaan jakar akele hi sabhi rajaoan ko hara diya aur tinoan kanyaoan ka haran karake hastinapur le aye. b di kanya amba ne bhishm ko bataya ki vah raja shalv ko prem karati hai. yah sunakar bhishm ne use raja shalv ke pas bhijavaya aur ambika aur ambalika ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath karava diya. vichitraviry ki koee santan nahian huee aur ve kshay rog se pi dit hokar mrityu ko prapt ho gaye. kul ka nash hone ke bhay se mata satyavati ne bhishm se kaha- "putr! is vansh ko nasht hone se bachane ke liye meri ajna hai ki tum in donoan raniyoan se putr utpann karo." mata ka adesh sunakar bhishm ne kaha- "mata! maian apani pratijna bhang nahian kar sakata."

mata satyavati ko atyant duahkh hua. achanak unhean apane putr vedavyas ki yad ayi. yad karate hi vedavyas vahaan upasthit ho gaye. satyavati ne unhean dekhakar kaha- "putr! tumhare sabhi bhaee niahsantan hi svargavasi ho gaye. atah vansh ka nash hone se bachane ke liye maian tumhean ajna deti hooan ki tum unaki patniyoan se santan utpann karo." vedavyas unaki ajna manakar bole- "mata! ap un donoan raniyoan se kah dean ki ve ek varsh tak niyam vrat ka palan karate rahean, tabhi unako garbh dharan hoga."

dhritarashtr ka janm

ek varsh vyatit ho jane par vedavyas sabase pahale b di rani ambika ke pas gaye. ambika ne unake tez se dar kar apane netr band kar liye. vedavyas lautakar mata se bole- "mata ambika ka b da hi tejasvi putr hoga, kintu netr band karane ke dosh ke karan vah aandha hoga." satyavati ko yah sunakar atyant duahkh hua.

paandu ka janm

unhoanne vedavyas ko chhoti rani ambalika ke pas bheja. ambalika vedavyas ko dekhakar bhay se pili p d gee. usake kaksh se lautane par vedavyas ne satyavati se kaha- "mata! ambalika ke garbh se paandu rog se grasit putr hoga." isase mata satyavati ko aur bhi duahkh hua. unhoanne b di rani ambalika ko punah vedavyas ke pas jane ka adesh diya.

vidur ka janm

is bar b di rani ne svayan n jakar apani dasi ko vedavyas ke pas bhej diya. dasi ne anandapoorvak vedavyas se bhog karaya. is bar vedavyas ne mata satyavati ke pas akar kaha- "mate! is dasi ke garbh se ved-vedant mean parangat atyant nitivan putr utpann hoga." itana kahakar vedavyas tapasya karane chale gaye.

samay ane par amba ke garbh se janmaandh dhritarashtr, ambalika ke garbh se paandu rog se grasit paandu tatha dasi ke garbh se dharmatma vidur ka janm hua. dhritarashtr, paandu aur vidur ke lalan-palan ka bhar bhishm ke oopar tha. tinoan putr b de hone par vidya padhane bheje gaye. dhritarashtr bal vidya mean, paandu dhanurvidya mean tatha vidur dharm aur niti mean nipun huye. yuva hone par dhritarashtr andhe hone ke karan rajy ke uttaradhikari n ban sake. vidur dasiputr the, isaliye paandu ko hi hastinapur ka raja ghoshit kiya gaya.