द्रौपदी

sankshipt parichay
draupadi
any nam krishna, paanchali
avatar shachi (indrani) ka aanshavatar
pita drupad
janm vivaran drupad ne dronachary se pratishodh lene ke lie yajn kiya tha aur us yajn se unhean putr dhrishtadyumn aur putri krishna ki prapti huee.
samay-kal mahabharat kal
parijan bhaee dhrishtadyumn, pita drupad
vivah draupadi ka vivah paanchoan pandav se hua tha. jinake nam is prakar hai- yudhishthir, bhim, arjun, nakul, sahadev
santan draupadi ko yuvaraj yudhishthir se prativindhy, bhimasen se sutasom, arjun se shrutakirti, nakul se shatanik aur sahadev se shrutavarma namak putr the.
mahajanapad paanchal ki rajakumari aur hastinapur ki rani.
shasan-rajy kuru
sandarbh granth mahabharat
mrityu svarg jate samay draupadi ki mrityu marg mean sabase pahale huee.

draupadi mahabharat mean paanch paandavoan ki rani thi. usaka janm maharaj drupad ke yahaan yajnakund se hua tha. atah yah ‘yajnaseni’ bhi kahalaee. draupadi poorvajanm mean kisi rrishi ki kanya thi. usane pati pane ki kamana se tapasya ki thi. bhagavan shankar ne prasann hokar use var dene ki ichchha ki. usane bhagavan shankar se paanch bar kaha ki "vah sarvagunasanpann pati chahati hai." shankar ji ne kaha ki agale janm mean usake paanch bharatavanshi pati hoange, kyoanki usane pati pane ki kamana paanch bar doharayi thi.[1]

janm

guru dron se parajit hone ke uparant maharaj drupad atyant lajjit huye aur unhean kisi prakar se nicha dikhane ka upay sochane lage. isi chinta mean ek bar ve ghoomate huye kalyani nagari ke brahmanoan ki basti mean ja pahuanche. vahaan unaki bheant 'yaj' tatha 'upayaj' namak mahan karmakandi brahman bhaiyoan se huee. raja drupad ne unaki seva karake unhean prasann kar liya evan unase dronachary ko marane ka upay poochha. unake poochhane par b de bhaee yaj ne kaha, "isake liye ap ek vishal yajn ka ayojan karake agnidev ko prasann kijiye, jisase ki ve apako mahan balashali putr ka varadan de deange." maharaj ne yaj aur upayaj se unake kahe anusar yajn karavaya. unake yajn se prasann hokar agnidev ne unhean ek aisa putr diya, jo sampoorn ayudh evan kavach kundal se yukt tha tatha prakat hote hi rath par chadh gaya, jaise yuddh ke lie udyat ho. usaka nam 'dhrishtadyumn' rakha gaya. usi samay akash mean adrishy mahabhoot ne kaha- 'yah balak dronachary ka vadh karega.' taduparaant vedi se draupadi namak suandar kanya ka pradurbhav hua, jisake netr khile huye kamal ke saman dedipyaman the, bhauhean chandrama ke saman vakr thian tatha usaka varn shyamal tha. usake utpann hote hi ek akashavani huee ki is balika ka janm kshatriyoan ke sanhar aur kauravoan ke vinash hetu hua hai. balika ka nam 'krishna' rakha gaya. age chalakar dronachary ne hi dhrishtadyumn ko astravidya ki shiksha di.

param suandari

bhagavan shrikrishn ki sakhi adarsh bhagavadh-vishvas ki moorti devi draupadi paanchal naresh raja drupad ki ayonija kanya thi. isaki utpatti yajnavedi se huee thi. isaka roop-lavany anupam tha. aangakanti shyam-sundar hone se draupadi ko log ‘krishna’ bhi kahate the. isake sharir se turant khile hue kamal ki madhur sugandh nikalakar ek kos tak phailati rahati thi. isake prakaty ke samay akashavani huee thi- "devataoan ka kary siddh karane ke liye kshatriyoan ke sanhar ke uddeshy se ramani-ratna ka prakaty hua hai. isake karan kauravoan ko b da bhay hoga." poorvajanm mean diye hue bhagavan shankar ke varadan se ise paanch balashali pati prapt hoange. akele arjun ke dvara svayanvar mean jiti jane par bhi mata kuanti ki ajna se ise paanchoan bhaiyoan ne byaha tha.

svayanvar

lakshagrih se bach nikalane ke pashchath jab paandav apani mata kuanti sahit yahaan-vahaan ghoom rahe the, tab unhoanne paanchal rajakumari draupadi ke svayanvar ke vishay mean suna. ve log bhi is svayanvar mean sammilit hone ke lie dhaumy ko apana purohit banakar paanchal desh pahuanche. kauravoan se chhupane ke lie unhoanne brahman vesh dharan kar rakha tha. raja drupad draupadi ka vivah arjun ke sath karana chahate the. lakshagrih ki ghatana sunane ke bad bhi unhean yah vishvas nahian hota tha ki paandavoan ka nidhan ho gaya hai, at: draupadi ke svayanvar ke lie unhoanne yah shart rakhi ki nirantar ghoomate hue yantr ke chhidr mean se jo bhi vir nishchit dhanush ki pratyancha chadhakar diye gaye paanch banoan se, chhidr ke oopar lage lakshy ko bhed dega, usi ke sath draupadi ka vivah kar diya jayega. brahmanavesh mean paandav bhi svayanvar-sthal par pahuanche. kaurav adi anek raja tatha rajakumar to dhanush ki pratyancha ke dhakke se bhoomisat ho gaye. karn ne dhanush par ban chadha to liya, kiantu draupadi ne soot-putr se vivah karana nahian chaha, at: lakshy bhedane ka prashn hi nahian utha. arjun ne chhadmavesh mean pahuanchakar lakshy bhed diya tatha draupadi ko prapt kar liya.

krishn arjun ko dekhate hi pahachan gaye. shesh upasthit vyaktiyoan mean yah vivad ka vishay ban gaya ki brahman ko kanya kyoan di gayi hai. arjun tatha bhim ke ran-kaushal tatha krishn ki niti se shaanti sthapit huee tatha arjun aur bhim draupadi ko lekar dere par pahuanche. unake yah kahane par ki ve log bhiksha laye haian, unhean bina dekhe hi kuanti ne kutiya ke aandar se kaha ki- "sabhi milakar use grahan karo." putravadhoo ko dekhakar apane vachanoan ko saty rakhane ke lie kuanti ne paanchoan paandavoan ko draupadi se vivah karane ke lie kaha. draupadi ka bhaee dhrishtadyumn un logoan ke pichhe-pichhe chhupakar aya tha. vah yah to nahian jan paya ki ve sab kaun haian, par sthan ka pata chalakar pita ki prerana se usane un sabako apane ghar par bhojan ke lie amantrit kiya.

poorvajanm

drupad ko yah janakar ki ve paandav haian, bahut prasannata huee, kiantu yah sunakar vichitr laga ki ve paanchoan draupadi se vivah karane ke lie udyat haian. tabhi vedavyas ne achanak prakat hokar ekaant mean drupad ko un chhahoan ke poorvajanm ki katha sunayi ki-

ek var rudr ne paanch indroan ko unake durabhiman svaroop yah shap diya tha ki ve manav-roop dharan kareange. unake pita kramash: dharm, vayu, indr tatha ashvinikumar (dvay) hoange. bhoolok par unaka vivah svargalok ki lakshmi ke manavi roop se hoga. vah manavi draupadi hai tatha ve paanchoan indr paandav haian. vyas muni ke vyavastha dene par draupadi ka vivah kramash: paanchoan paandavoan se kar diya gaya. vyas ne unake poorv roop dekhane ke lie drupad ko divy drishti bhi pradan ki. drupad ke diye tatha krishn ke bheje vibhinn upaharoan ko grahan kar ve log drupad ki nagari mean hi vihar karane lage.

santan

draupadi paanch paandavoan se paanch putroan ki mata bani thi. usake paanchoan putroan ke nam nimnalikhit the[2]-

  1. yudhishthir se 'prativiandhy'
  2. bhim se 'shrutasom'
  3. arjun se 'shrutakarma'
  4. nakul se 'shatanik'
  5. sahadev se 'shrutasen'

shrikrishn mean priti

draupadi uchch koti ki pativrata evan bhagavad bhakta thi. usaki bhagavan shrikrishn ke charanoan mean avichal priti thi. ye unhean apana sakha, rakshak, hitaishi evan param atmiy to manati hi thi, unaki sarvavyapakata evan sarvashaktimath‍ta mean bhi isaka poorn vishvas tha. jab kauravoan ki sabha mean dusht du:shasan ne draupadi ko nagn karana chaha aur sabhasadoan mean se kisi ka sahas n hua ki is amanushi atyachar ko roke, us samay apani laj bachane ka koee doosara upay n dekhakar usane atyant atur hokar bhagavan shrikrishn ko pukara-

govindo dvarakavasinh krishni gopijanapriy..
kauravai: paribhootaan maan‍ kian n janasi keshav.
he nath he ramanath vrajanatharttinashan..
kauravarnavamagnaanth mamuddharasv. janardan.
krishnar kashnh mahayoginh‍ vishvaetmnh‍ vishv bhavan..
prapannaanm pahi govind. kurumadhyeshavasidatimh‍..[3]

"he govind! he dvarakavasi! he sachchidanandasvaroop premaghan! he gopijanavallabh! he keshav! maian kauravoan ke dvara apamanit ho rahi hooan, is bat ko kya ap nahian janate? he nath! he ramanath! he vrajanath, he artinashan janardan! maian kaurav samudr mean doob rahi hooan, ap mujhe isase nikaliye. krishn! krishne! mahayogi! vishvatma! vishv ke jivanadata govind! maian kauravau se ghirakar bade sankat mean padi huee hooan, apaki sharan mean hooan, meri raksha kijie."

sachche hriday ki karun pukar bhagavan turant sunate haian. shrikrishn us samay dvaraka mean the. vahaan se ve turant dau de aye aur dharmaroop se draupadi ke vastroan ke roop mean prakat hokar unaki laj bachayi. bhagavan ki kripa se draupadi ki sa di anantaguna badh gayi. du:shasan use jitana hi khianchata tha, utana hi vah badhati jati thi. dekhate hi dekhate vahaan vastr ka dher lag gaya. mahabali dushasan ki das hazar hathiyoan ke balavali prachand bhujaean thak gayian, parantu sa di ka chhor hath nahian aya. ‘das hazar gajabal thakyau , ghatyau n das gaj chir." vahaan upasthit sare sabhajanoan ne bhagavadbhakti evan pativrata ka adbhut chamatkar dekha. ant mean dushasan harakar lajjit hokar baith gaya. bhaktavatsal pubhu ne apane bhakt ki laj rakh li.

krishn dvara sahayata

patr mean lage sag ko khate shrikrishn

ek din ki bat hai, jab paandav draupadi ke sath kamyabhak van mean nivas kar rahe the, duryodhan ke bheje hue maharshi durvasa apane das hazar shishyoan ko sath lekar paandavoan ke pas aye. dusht duryodhan ne jan-boojhakar unhean aise samay bheja, jabaki sab log bhojan karake vishram kar rahe the. maharaj yudhishthir ne atithi seva ke uddeshy se hi bhagavan sooryadev se ek aisa chamatkari bartan prapt kiya tha, jisamean pakaya hua tho da-sa bhi bhojan akshay ho jata tha, parantu usamean shart yah thi ki jab tak draupadi bhojan nahian kar chukati thi, tabhi tak us bartan mean yah chamatkar rahata tha. yudhishthir ne maharshi ko shishyamandali ke sahit bhojan ke liye amantrit kiya aur durvasa ji snanadi nityakarm se nivritt hone ke liye sabake sath gangatat par chale gaye.

draupadi durvasa rrishi v unake sath aye hue rrishiyoan ko bhojan parosate hue

durvasa ji ke sath das hazar shishyoan ka ek poora-ka-poora vishvavidyalay chala karata tha. dharmaraj ne un sabako bhojan ka nimantran to de diya aur rrishi ne use svikar bhi kar liya, parantu kisi ne bhi isaka vichar nahian kiya ki draupadi bhojan kar chuki hai, isaliye soory ke diye hue bartan se to un logoan ke bhojan ki vyavastha ho nahian sakati thi. draupadi b di chinta mean p d gayi. usane socha- "rrishi yadi bina bhojan kiye vapas laut jate haian to ve bina shap diye nahian maneange." unaka krodhi svabhav jagadavikhyat tha. draupadi ko aur koee upay nahian soojha. tab usane man hi man bhaktabhayabhanjan bhagavan shrikrishn ka smaran kiya aur is apatti se ubarane ki unase vishvasapoorn prarthana karate hue ant mean kaha- "apane jaise sabha mean du:shasan ke atyachar se mujhe bachaya tha, vaise hi yahaan bhi is mahan sankat se turant bachaiye-

du:shasanadahan poorvan sabhayaan mochita yatha.
tathaiv sankatadasmanmaiyutrartumiharhasi..[4]

shrikrishn to sada sarvatr nivas karate aur ghat-ghat ki janane vale haian, ve turant vahaan a pahuanche. unhean dekhakar draupadi ke sharir mean mano pran laut aye, doobate hue ko mano sachcha sahara mil gaya. draupadi ne sankshap mean unhean sari bat suna di. shrikrishn ne adhirata pradarshit karate hue kaha- "aur sab bat pichhe hagi. pahale mujhe jaldian se kuchh khane ko do. mujhe b di bhookh lagi hai. tum janati nahian ho maian kitani door se hara thaka aya hooan." draupadi laj ke mare g d-si gayi. usane rukate-rukate kaha- "prabho! maian abhi-abhi khakar uthi hooan. ab to us bartan mean kuchh bhi nahian bacha hai." shrikrishn ne kaha- "jara apana bartan mujhe dikhao to sahi." krishna use le ayi. shrikrishn. ne hath mean lekar dekha to usake gale mean unhean ek sag ka patta laga hua mila. unhoanne usi ko muanh mean dalakar kaha- "is sag ke patte se sampoorn jagat ke atma yajnabhokta parameshvar tript ho jayan." isake bad unhoanne sahadev se kaha- "bhaiya! ab tum munishvaroan ko bhojan ke liye bula lao. sahadev ne gangatat par jakar dekha to vahaan unhean koee nahian mila. bat yah huee ki jis samay shrikrishn ne sag ka patta muanh mean dalakar vah sankalp kiya, us samay munishvar log jal mean khade hokar aghamarshan kar rahe the. unhean akasmat aisa anubhav hone laga mano un sabaka pet gale tak ann se bhar gaya ho. ve sab ek-doosare ke muanh ki or takane lage aur kahane lage ki- "ab ham log vahaan jakar kya khayeange. durvasa ne chupachap bhag jana hi shreyaskar samajha, kyoanki ve yah janate the ki paandav bhagavadbhakt haian aur ambarish ke yahaan un par jo kuchh biti thi, usake bad se unhean bhagavadbhakto se b da dar lagane laga tha. bas, sab log vahaan se chupachap bhag nikale. sahadev ko vahaan rahane vale tapasviyoan se un sabake bhag jane ka samachar mila aur unhoanne lautakar sari bat dharmaraj se kah di. is prakar draupadi ki shrikrishn bhakti se paandavoan ki ek bhari vipatti sahaj hi tal gayi. shrikrishn ne prakat hokar unhean maharshi durvasa ke durdaniy krodh se bacha liya aur is prakar apani sharanagat vatsalata ka parichay diya.

vyatha

rajasooy yaksh ki samapti par shrikrishn dvaraka chale gaye the. shalv ne apane kamachari viman saubh ke dvara utpat macha rakha tha. pahuanchate hi keshav ne shalv par akraman kiya. saubh ko gadaghat se choorn karake, shalv tatha usake sainikoan ko paramadham bhejakar jab ve dvaraka mean laute, tab unhean paandavoan ke jue mean harane ka samachar mila. ve sidhe hastinapur aye aur vahaan se jahaan van mean paandav apani striyoan, balakoan tatha prajavarg evan viproan ke sath the, pahuanche. paandavoan se milakar unhoanne kauravoan ke prati rosh prakat kiya.

draupadi ne shrikrishn se vahaan kaha- "madhusoodan! maianne maharshi asit aur deval se suna hai ki ap hi srishtikarta haian. parashuram ji ne bataya tha ki ap sakshat aparajit vishnu haian. ap hi yajn, rrishi, devata tatha panchabhootasvaroop haian. jagat apake ek aansh mean sthit hai. triloki mean ap vyapt haian. nirmalahriday maharshiyoan ke hriday mean ap hi sphurit hote haian. ap hi jnaniyoan tatha yogiyoan ki param gati haian. ap vibhu haian, sarvatma haian, apaki shakti se hi sabako shakti prapt hoti hai. ap hi mutyu, jivan evan karm ke adhishthata haian. ap hi parameshvar haian. maian apana du:kh apase n kahooan to kisase kahooan." yoan kahate-kahate draupadi ke netroan se aansuoan ki jh di lag gayi. vah phuphakar marati huee kahane lagi- "maian mahaparakrami paandavoan ki patni, dhrishtadyumn ki bahan aur apaki sakhi hooan. kauravoan ki bhir sabha mean mere kesh pak dakar mujhe ghasita gaya. maian ekavastra rajasvala thi, mujhe nagn karane ka prayatn kiya gaya. ye mere pati meri raksha n kar sake. isi nich duryodhan ne bhim ko vish dekar jal mean baandhakar pheank diya tha. isi dusht ne paandavoan ko lakshavan mean bhasm karane ka prayatn kiya tha. isi pishach ne mere kesh pak dakar ghasitavaya aur aj bhi vah jivit hai."

paanchali phoot-phootakar rone lagi. usaki vani aspasht ho gayi. vah shrikrishn ko ulahana de rahi thi- "tum mere sambandhie ho, maian agni se utpann gauravamayi nari hooan, tum par mera pavitr anurag hai, tum par mera adhikar hai aur raksha karane mean tum samarth ho. tumhare rahate meri yah dasha ho rahi hai." bhaktavatsal bhagavan shrikrishn aur n sun sake. unhoanne kaha- "kalyani! jin par tum rusht huee ho, unaka jivan samapt hua samajho. unaki striyaan bhi isi prakar royeangi aur unake ashru sookhane ka marg nasht ho chuka rahega. tho de dinoan mean arjun ke banoan se gikar ve shrigal aur kuttoan ke ahar baneange. maian pratijna karata hooan ki tum samrajni banakar rahogi. akash phat jaye, samudr sookh jayan, himalay choor ho jay, par meri bat asaty n hogi, n hogi."

kartavy parayanata

isi yatra mean ek din batoan-hi-batoan mean satyabhama ne draupadi se poochha- "bahan! maian tumase ek bat poochhati hooan ki tumhare shooravir aur balavan pati sada tumhare adhin rahate haian, isaka karan kya hai? kya tum koee jantar-mantar ya aushadhi janati ho, athava kya tumane jap, tap, vrat, hom ya vidya se unhean vash mean kar rakha hai? mujhe bhi koee aisa upay batao, jisase bhagavan shyamasundar mere vash mean ho jayan." devi draupadi ne kaha- "bahan! ap shyamasundar ki patarani evan priyatama hokar kaisi batean kar rahi haian. sati-sadhvi striyaan jantar-mantar adi se utani hi door rahati haian, jitani saanp-bichchhoo se. kya pati ko jantar-mantar adi se vash mean kiya ja sakata hai? bholi-bhali athava duracharini striyaan hi pati ko vash mean karane ke lie is prakar ke prayog kiya karati haian. aisa karake ve apana tatha apane pati ka ahit hi karati haian. aisi striyoan se to sada door rahana chahiye."

isake bad draupadi ne batalaya ki apane patiyoan ko prasann rakhane ke liye vah kis prakar ka acharan karati thi. usane kaha- "bahan! maian ahankar aur kam-krodh ka parityag karake b di savadhani se sab paandavoan ki or unaki striyoan ki seva karati hooan. maian eershya se door rahati hooan aur man ko vash mean rakhakar keval seva ki ichchha se hi apane patiyoan ke man rakhati hooan. maian katubhashan se door rahati hooan, asabhyata se kh di nahian hoti, khoti batoan par drishti nahian dalati, buri jagah par nahian baithati, dooshit acharan ke pas nahian phatakati tatha patiyoan ke abhiprayapoorn sanketoan ka anusaran karati hooan. devata, manushy, gandhanrv, yuva, dhani athava roopavan- kaisa hi purush kyoan n ho, mera man paandavoan ke sivay aur kahian nahian jata. apane patiyoan ke bhojan kiye bina maian bhojan nahian karati aur baithe bina svayan nahian baithati. jab-jab mere pati ghar ate haian, tab-tab maian kh di hokar unhean asan aur jal deti hooan. maian ghar ke bartanaan ko maanj-dhokar saph rakhati hooan, madhur rasoee taiyar karati hooan, samay par bhojan karati hooan. sada sajag rahati hooan, ghar mean anaj ki raksha karati hooan aur ghar ko jha d-buharakar saph rakhati hooan. maian batachit mean kisi ka tiraskar nahian karati, kulata striyoan ke pas nahian phatakati aur sada hi patiyoan ke anukool rahakar alasy se door rahati hooan. maian daravaze par bar-bar jakar kh di nahian hoti tatha khuli athava koo da-karakat dalane ki jagah par bhi adhik nahian thaharati, kintu sada hi satyabhashan aur patiseva mean tatpar rahati hooan. patidev ke bina akeli rahana mujhe bilkul pasand nahian hai. jab kisi kautumbik kary se patidev bahar chale jate haian, tab maian pushp aur chandanadi ko chho dakar niyam aur vratoan ka palan karati huee samay bitati hooan. mere pati jis chij ko nahian khate, nahian pite athava sevan nahian karate, mai bhi usase door rahati hooan. striyoan ke liye shastr ne jo-jo batean batayi haian, un sabaka mean palan karati hooan. sharir ko yathaprapt vastralankaroan se susajjit rakhati hooan tatha sarvada savadhan rahakar patidev ka priy karane mean tatpar rahati hooan."

"sas ji ne mujhe kutumb-sambandhi jo-jo dharm bataye haian, un sabaka maian palan karati hooan. bhiksha dena, poojan, shraddh, tyauharoan par pakavan banana, mananiyoan ka adar karana tatha aur bhi mere liye jo-jo dharm vihit hai, un sabhi ka maian savadhani se rat-din acharan karati hooan, maian vinay aur niyamoan ko sarvada sab prakar apanaye rahati hooan. mere vichar se to striyoan ka sanatan dharm pati ke adhin rahana hi hai, vahi unaka ishtadev hai. maian apane patiyoan se badhakar kabhi nahian rahati, unase achchha bhojan nahian karati, unase badhiya vastrabhooshan nahian pahanati aur n kabhi sas ji se vad-vivad karati hooan, tatha sada hi sanyam ka palan karati hooan. maian sada apane patiyoan se pahale uthati hooan tatha b de-boodhoan ki seva mean lagi rahati hॅooan. apani sas ki maian bhojan, vastr aur jal adi se sada hi seva karati rahati hooan. vastr, abhooshan aur bhojanadi mean maian kabhi unaki apeksha apane liye koee visheshata nahian rakhati. pahale maharaj yudhishthir ke das hazar dasiyaan thian. mujhe un sabake nam, roop, vastr adi sab ka pata tha aur is bat ka bhi dhyan rahata tha ki kisane kya kam kar liya hai aur kya nahian. jis samay iandraprasth mean rahakar maharaj yudhishthir prithvi-palan karate the, us samay unake sath ek lakh ghode aur utane hi hathi chalate the. unaki ganana aur prabandh maian hi kiya karati aur maian hi unaki avashyakataean sunati thi. ant:pur ke gvaloan aur gadariyoan se lekar sabhi sevakoan ke kam-kaj ki dekh-rekh bhi maian hi kiya karati thi.

maharaj ki jo kuchh ay, vyay aur bachat hoti thi, us sabaka vivaran maian akeli hi rakhati thi. paandav log kutumb ka sara bhar mere oopar chho dakar pooja-path mean lage rahate the aur aye-gayoan ko svagat-satkar karate the, aur maian sab prakar ka sukh chho dakar usaki sanbhal karati thi. mere patiyoan ka jo atoot khajana tha, usaka pata bhi mujh ek ko hi tha. maian bhookh-pyas ko sahakar rat-din paandavoan ki seva mean lagi rahati. us samay rat aur din mere liye saman ho gaye the. maian sada hi sabase pahale uthati aur sabase pichhe soti thi. satyabhama ji! patiyoan ko anukool karane ka mujhe to yahi upay maloom hai." ek adarsh grihapatni ko ghar mean kis prakar rahana chahiye, isaki shiksha aur prerana draupadi ke jivan se sahaj hi prapt hoti hai.

kaurav sarvanath ki mool

draupadi ke jin lanbe-lanbe, kale baloan ka kuchh hi din pahale rajasooy yajn mean avabhrith-snan ke samay mantripoot jal se abhishek kiya gaya tha, unhian baloan ka dusht du:shasan ke dvara bhari sabha mean khiancha jana draupadi ko kabhi nahian bhoola. us abhootapoorv apaman ki ag usake hriday mean sada hi jala karati thi. isiliye jab-jab usake samane kauravoan se sandhi karane ki bat ayi, tab-tab usane virodh hi kiya aur barabar apane apaman ki yad dilakar apane patiyoan ko yuddh ke liye protsahit karati rahi. ant mean jab yahi tay hua ki ek bar kauravoan ko samajha-bujhakar dekh liya jay, aur jab bhagavan shrikrishn paandavoan ki or se sandhi ka prastaav lekar hastinapur jane lage, us samay bhi use apane apaman ki bat nahian bhooli aur usane apane lanbe-lanbe kale baloan ko unhean dikhate hue shrikrishn se kaha- "shrikrishne! tum sandhi karane ja rahe ho so to thik hai, parantu tum mere in khule keshoan ko n bhool jana-

jahu bhalean kururaj pai dhari doot ko ves..
bhooli n jaiyo pai vahaan kesau krishnae - kes..

‘madhusoodan! kya mere ye kesh ajivan khule hi raheange? yadi paandav yuddh nahian karana chahate to maian apane paanchoan putroan ko adesh dooangi, putr abhimanyu unaka netritv karega, mere vriddh pita aur bhaee sahayata kareange. par shrikrishn! tumhara chakr kya shant hi rahega? is par shrikrishn ne gambhirata ke sath kaha- "krishne! aansuoan ko rako, maianne pratijna ki hai, aur prakriti ke sare niyamoan ke palat jane par bhi vah mithya nahian hogi. tumha‍ra jin par kop hai, unaki vidhava patniyoan ko tum shighr hi rote dekhogi."

kamyakavan mean jab dusht jayadrath draupadi ko balapoorvak le jane ki cheshta karane laga, tab is viraangana ne use itane jor se dhakka diya ki vah kate hue pe d ki tarah jamin par gir p da, kiantu phir turant hi uth kh da hua aur use balapoorvak rath par baithakar le chala. jab bhim-arjun use pak d laye aur usako apane dushkarm ka paryapt dand mil gaya, tab draupadi ne daya karake use chhu dava diya. krodh ke sath-sath kshama ka kaisa apoorv mel hai. unaka pativrat-tej to apoorv tha hi. jis kisi ne bhi unake sath chhe d-chha d ki, usi ko pranoan se hath dhone p de. duryodhan, du:shasan, karn, jayadrath, kichak adi sabaki yahi dasha huee. mahabharat ke yuddh mean jo kauravoan ka sarvanash hua, usaka mool sati draupadi ka apaman hi tha.

daya bhavana

mahabharat ka yuddh samapt hua. paandav sena shanti se shayan kar rahi thi. shrikrishn paanchoan paandavoan tatha draupadi ko lekar upaplavy nagar chale gaye the. prat: doot ne samachar diya ki ratri mean shivir mean agni lagakar ashvatthama ne sabako nirdayatapoorvak mar dala. yah sunate hi sab rath mean baithakar shivir mean pahuanche. apane mrit putroan ko dekhakar draupadi ne b de karun svar mean krandan karate hue kaha- "mere parakrami putr yadi yuddh mean l date hue mare gaye hote to maian santosh kar leti. kroor brahman ne nirdayatapoorvak unhean sote samay mar dala hai." draupadi ko dharmaraj ne samajhane ka prayatnat kiya, parantu putr ke shavoan ke pas roti mata ko kya samajhayega koee. bhim ne krodhit hokar ashv‍tthama ka pichha kiya. shrikrishn ne bataya ki nich ashvatthama bhim par brahmastr prayog kar sakata hai. arjun ko lekar ve bhi pichhe rath mean baithakar gaye. ashvatthahma ne brahmastr ka prayog kiya. use shant karane ko arjun ne bhi usi astre se use shant karana chaha. donoan brahmastr ne pralay ka drishy upasthit kar diya. bhagavan vedavyas tatha devarshi narad ne prakat hokar brahmastroan ko lauta lene ka adesh diya. arjun ne to brahmastr lauta liya. pak dakar dron-putr ko unhoanne b aauandh liya aur apane shivir mean le aye.

ashvatthama ka bachav karate draupadi

ashvatthama pashu ki bhaanti bandha hua tha. nindit karm karane se usaki shri nasht ho gayi thi. usane sir jhuka rakha tha. arjun ne use lakar draupadi ke sammukh kh da kar diya. guruputr ko is dasha mean dekhakar draupadi ko daya a gayi. usane kaha- "inhean jaldi chho d do. jinase sampoorn astr-shastroan ki ap logoan ne shiksha payi hai, ve bhagavan dronachary hi putraroop mean svayan upasthit haian. jaise putroan ke shok mean mujhe du:kh ho raha hai, maian ro rahi hooan, aisa hi pratyek stri ko hota hoga. inaki mata devi kripi ko yah shok n ho. ve putr shok mean meri tarah n royean. brahman ka hamare dvara anadar nahian hona chahie." bhimasen ashvatthama ke vadh ke paksh mean the. ant mean shrikrishn ki sammati se dron putr ke mastik par rahane vali mani chhinakar arjun ne use shivir se bahar nikal diya.

paramadham gaman

dvaraka se lautakar arjun ne jab yaduvansh ke nash ka samachar diya, tab parikshit ka rajyabhishek karake dharmaraj ne apane rajochit vastroan ka tyag kar diya. maun-vrat lekar ve nikal p de. bhaiyoan ne bhi unhian ka anukaran kiya. draupadi ne bhi valkal pahana aur patiyoan ke pichhe chal p di. dharmaraj sidhe uttar ki or chalate gaye. badarikashram se oopar ve himapradesh mean ja rahe the. draupadi sabake pichhe chal rahi thi. sab maun the. koee kisi ki or dekhata nahian tha. draupadi ne apana chitt sab or se ekagr karake paratpar bhagavan shrikrishn mean laga diya tha. use sharir ka pata nahian tha. him par phisal kar vah gir p di. sharir usi shvet himarashi mean vilin ho gaya. maharani draupadi to param tattv se ek ho chuki thi. vah to vastut: bhagavan ki abhinn shakti hi thi.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay 166, 168.
  2. mahabharat, adiparv, adhyay 182 se 198 tak
  3. (maha., sabha. 68. 41-44)
  4. (mahabharat, vanaparv 263|16)

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