द्रोणाचार्य

chitr:Eklavya-and-Dronacharya.jpg
dronachary ko dakshina mean aangootha dete ekalavy

maharshi bharadvaj ka viry kisi droni[1] mean skhalit hone se jis putr ka janm hua, use dron kaha gaya. aisa ullekh bhi milata hai ki bharadvaj ne ganga mean snan karati ghritachi ko dekha, asakt hone ke karan jo viry skhalan hua, use unhoanne dron[2] mean rakh diya. usase utpann balak dron kahalaya. dronachary bharadvaj muni ke putr the. ye sansar ke shreshth dhanurdhar the. dron apane pita bharadvaj muni ke ashram mean hi rahate huye charoan vedoan tatha astr-shastroan ke jnan mean parangat ho gaye the. dron ka janm uttaraanchal ki rajadhani deharadoon mean bataya jata hai, jise 'deharadron'[3] bhi kahate the. dron ke sath prashath namak raja ke putr drupad bhi shiksha prapt kar rahe the tatha donoan mean pragadh maitri ho gee. bharadvaj muni ke ashram mean drupad bhi dron ke sath hi vidyadhyayan karate the. bharadvaj muni ke sharirant hone ke bad dron vahian rahakar tapasya karane lage. ved-vedagoan mean parangat tatha tapasya ke dhani dron ka yash tho de hi samay mean charoan or phail gaya.

vivah

dronachary ka vivah kripachary ki bahin kripi se ho gaya aur unaka ashvatthama namak putr paida ho gaya. atyant shochaniy arthik sthiti hone ke karan jab ashvatthama ne apani maan se doodh pine ko maanga to kripi ne apane putr ko pani mean ata gholakar doodh batakar pine ko de diya. dronachary ko is bat ka pata chalane par apar kasht hua, unhean drupad ka adha rajy dene ka vachan yad aya kintu drupad ne dronachary ko apani rajyasabha mean apamanit kiya.

astr-shastroan ka jnan

dronachary kaurav aur paandavo ke guru the. kauravo aur paandavo ne dronachary ke ashram mean hi astroan aur shastroan ki shiksha payi thi. arjun dronachary ke priy shishy the. ve arjun ko vishv ka sarvashreshth dhanurdhar banana chahate the. dronachary ke priy shishy arjun ne apane guru dronachary ke apaman ka badala drupad se liya.

us samay shastrastr-vidyaoan mean shreshth shri parashuram ji mahendr parvat par tap karate the. dron ko maloom p da ki parashuram apana samast rajy, dhan-vaibhav dan kar rahe haian, at: vah dhan ki kamana se parashuram ke pas gaya. parashuram tab tak apane sharir tatha astroan ke atirikt sabhi kuchh dan rak chuke the, at: unhoanne apane samast astr-shastr dron ko de diye tatha unake prayog tatha upasanhar ki vidhi bhi pradan kar di. dronachary ne shri parashuram ji se sampoorn astr-shastroan ka jnan prapt kiya. astr-shastr ki vidya mean parangat hokar dronachary apane mitr drupad se milane gaye. drupad us samay paanchal naresh the. achary dron ne drupad se kaha- 'rajanh! maian apaka balasakha dron hooan. maian apase milane ke liye aya hooan.' drupad us samay aishvary ke mad mean choor the. unhoanne dron se kaha-
'tum moodh ho, purani l dakapan ki batoan ko ab tak dho rahe ho, sach to yah hai ki daridr manushy dhanavanh ka, moorkh vidvanh ka tatha kayar shooravir ka mitr ho hi nahian sakata.'
drupad ki batoan se apamanit hokar dronachary vahaan se uthakar hastinapur ki or chal diye.

dharnuvidya ki shiksha

arjun ko dharnuvidya sikhate dronachary

ek din kaurav-pandav kumar paraspar gulli-danda khel rahe the. akasmath unaki gulli kuean mean gir gayi. achary dron ko udhar se jate hue dekhakar rajakumaroan ne unase gulli nikalane ki prarthana ki. tab ek shyamavarn ke brahman ne gulli ko abhimantrit siank se baandh dala. ek siank ko doosari se beandhate hue unhoanne siank ka sira kuean ke oopar tak pahuancha diya, jise khianchakar gulli bahar nikal ayi. usi prakar aangoothi ko kuean mean pheankakar tir se bahar nikal liya. unake vishay mean sunakar bhishm vahaan pahuanche aur unhean pahachanakar unase kauravoan tatha paandavoan ka guru banane ka agrah kiya. dronachary manoyog se un sabako shastr-vidya sikhane lage, kiantu apane putr par unaka vishesh dhyan rahata tha. ve any sab shishyoan ko kamandalu dete tatha ashvatthama ko cho de muanh ka gh da. is prakar ashvatthama any sabaki apeksha bahut jaldi pani bharakar le ate, at: any shishyoan ke ane se poorv ve ashvatthama ko astr-shastr sanchalan sikha dete. arjun ne yah bat bhaanp li. vah varunastr se turant hi kuanmadalu bharakar prastut kar deta. at: vah ashvatthama se pichhe nahian raha.

gurudakshina

ek bar bhojan karate samay hava se dipak bujh gaya, parantu abhyasavash hath bar-bar muanh tak hi pahuanchata tha. is tathy ki or dhyan dekar arjun ne ratri mean bhi dhanurvidya ka abhyas praranbh kar diya. vah dron ka atyant priy shishy tha. dron ne ekalavy ko shishy banana svikar nahian kiya tha kyoanki ve arjun ko dhanurvidya mean advitiy banaye rakhana chahate the. dronachary ne gurudakshina ke roop mean shishyoan se raja drupad ko bandi bana lane ke lie kaha. aisa hone par usaka adha rajy use lautate hue dron ne kaha- tum kahate the ki raja hi raja ka mitr ho sakata hai, at: aj se tumhara adha rajy mere pas rahega aur donoan raja hone ke karan mitr bhi raheange. drupad atyant lajjit sthiti mean apane rajy ki or lauta. dron ne arjun se gurudakshina-svaroop yah pratijna li ki yadi dron bhi usake virodh mean kh de hoange to vah yuddh karega.

  • nishad balak ekalavy jo ki adbhut dharnudhar ban gaya tha. vah dronachary ko apana isht guru manata tha aur unaki moorti banakar usake samane abhyas kar dharnuvidya mean parangat ho gaya tha arjun ke samakaksh koee na ho jae is karan dronachary ne ekalavy se guru dakshina ke roop mean dahine hath ka aangootha maang liya. ekalavy ne hansate hansate aangootha de diya.
  • dronachary ne karn ki pratibha ko pahachan liya tha aur use bhi sootaputr bata shiksha dene se manakar diya tha.

chakravyooh rachana

dronachary yadyapi kauravoan ki or se yuddh kar rahe the tathapi unaka moh paandavoan ke prati tha, aisa duryodhan bar-bar anubhav karata tha. dron ke sarvatopriy shishyoan mean se ek arjun tha. unhoanne samay-samay par anek prakar ke vyoohoan ki rachana ki. unake banaye vyooh ko to dane mean hi abhimanyu mara gaya. mahabharat yuddh mean bhishm pitamah ke bad mukhy senapati ka pad dronachary ke pas raha tha. arjun ne kruddh hokar jayadrath ko marane ki thani, kyoanki usane paandavoan ko vyooh mean pravesh nahian karane diya tha aur anek rathiyoan ne akele abhimanyu ko gherakar mara tha jo ki yuddh-niyamoan ke viruddh thaan arjun ko jnat hua to usane agale din sayan tak jayadrath ko marane athava atmadah kar lene ki shapath lian at: dron ne jayadrath ki suraksha ke lie chakrashakat vyooh ka nirman kiya tathapi arjun tatha shrikrishn ne agale din sandhya se poorv jayadrath ko mar dala. shrikrishn ne maya se aandhakar phaila diya. kauravagan ratri ka agaman samajhakar nishchit ho gaye aur jayadrath ko tab tak surakshit dekh arjun ke atmadah ki kalpana karane lage, tabhi arjun ne jayadrath ko mar dala. shokatur paandavoan ne ratri mean bhi yuddh ka karyakram nahian sameta tatha samoohik roop se dron par akraman kar diya.

adharm par adharit

pandrahavean din se poorv ki ratri mean dron se yuddh karate hue drupad ke tin pautr, drupad tatha virat adi mare gaye. dron duryodhan ke vakbanoan se kruddh ho uthe the, at: unhoanne anekoan paanchal sainikoan ko nasht kar dala. jo bhi rathi samane ata, dron usi ko nasht kar dalate. unhean kshatriyoan ka is prakar vinash karate dekh aangira, vasishth, kashyap adi anek rrishi unhean brahmalok le chalane ke lie vahaan pahuanche. unhoanne dron se yuddh chho d dene ka anurodh kiya, sath hi yah bhi kaha ki unaka yuddh adharm par adharit hai. brahmastr ko prayog karane ki vidhi dronachary ne apane putr ashvatthama ko bhi sikha rakhi thi, jisaka prayog usane mahabharat ke bad padanvoan ke vansh ka samool nash karane hetu arjun ki putravadhoo uttara ke garbh ko nasht karane ke lie kiya tha. krishn ne uttara ke garbh mean jakar abhimanyu ke putr parikshit ki raksha ki, kyoanki sampoorn kuru vansh ke antim raja parikshat hi the. doosari or shrikrishn ne paandavoan ko kah-sunakar taiyar kar liya ki ve dron tak ashvatthama ke mar jane ka sandesh pahuancha dean. bhale hi yah asaty hai. isake atirikt yuddhadharm se unhean virakt karane ka koee any upay yanahian jan p data. kalaantar mean bhim ne malav naresh iandravarma ka ashvatthama namak hathi mar dala.

dronachary ki mrityu

bhim ne dron ko 'ashvatthama mar dala gaya hai'- yah samachar diya. dron apane bete ke bal se parichit the, at: unhoanne dharmavatar yudhishthir se is samachar ki pushti karane ke lie kaha. yudhishthir ne zor se kaha- ashvatthama mara gaya[4] aur sath hi dhire se yah bhi kah diya 'hathi ka vadh hua hai.' uttaraansh dron ne nahian suna tatha putrashok se santapt ho unaki chetana lupt hone lagi. ve anamane se dhrishtadyumn se yuddh kar rahe the, tab bhim ne pun: jakar kaha- tum apane ek putr ki jivika ke lie brahman hokar bhi yah hatyakaand kar rahe ho, vah putr to ab raha bhi nahian. dron artanad kar uthe tatha kauravoan ko pukarakar kahane lage ki ab yuddh ka karyabhar ve log svayan hi sanbhale. suavasar dekhakar dhrishtadyumn talavar lekar unake rath ki or lapaka. dron ne astr tyagakar 'Om' ka uchcharan kiya tatha unake jyotirmay pran brahmalok ki or badhate hue akash mean adrishy ho gaye. is avastha mean unake mastak ke bal pak dakar dhrishtadyumn ne sabake mana karate hue bhi char sau varshiy dron ke sir ko dh d se kat giraya. arjun kahata hi rah gaya ki achary ko maro mat, jivit hi le jao. vastav mean raja drupad ne ek mahan yajn mean devaradhan karake dronachary ka vinash karane ke lie dhrishtadyumn namak rajakumar ko prajvalit agni se prapt kiya tha. dron ko mrit dekh kauravoan ke adhikaansh senapati sasainy yuddhakshetr se bhagate hue dikhalayi p dane lage.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. yajnakalash athava parvat ki gufa
  2. yajnakalash
  3. mitti ka sakora
  4. "ashvatthama hatohatah naro va kuanjaro va"

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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