इन्द्रप्रस्थ

indraprasth (indr ki nagari), prachin bharat ke puratan nagaroan mean se ek tha, jo paandavoan ke rajy hastinapur ki rajadhani thi. aj is kshetr se tatpary yamuna ke kinare dilli mean sthit kuchh kshetroan se lagaya jata hai. jab yudhishthir, paandavoan ke jyeshth bhrata ko khandavaprasth[1] diya gaya, tab yah ek banjar pradesh tha.

prachin nagar

indraprasth nagar dvaraka ke samakalin hai. pandavoan ki gatha ke sath-sath is nagar ki gatha bhi amar hai. nagar jangaloan ko kat kar banaye gaye the. indraprasth bhi isi koti ke nagaroan mean ata tha. apane vaibhav evan samriddhi ki drishti se yah mathura aur dvaraka ke hi barabar samriddh tha. pahale is sthan par ek van tha, jise mahabharat mean khaandavaprasth kaha gaya hai. pandavoan ne ise kat kar indraprasth ki sthapana ki thi. nagar-jivan ke kshetr mean yah vikas ka kal tha. nadi, parvat, aur sagar ke kinare anukool jagah ko chunakar is samay naye nagar basaye ja rahe the.

mahabharat mean varnan

  • mahabharat mean varnit katha ke anusar praranbh mean dhritarashtr se adha rajy prapt karane ke pashvat paandavoan ne indraprasth mean apani rajadhani banaee thi. duryodhan ki rajadhani lagabhag 45 mil door hastinapur mean hi rahi. indraprasth nagar kauravoan ki prachin rajadhani khaandavaprasth ke sthan par basaya gaya tha-
tasmath tvan khaandav-prasthan puran rashtran ch vardhay, brahmana: kshatriya vaishya: shoodrashch krit nishchaya:. tvadbhaktaya jantagshchanye bhajantvev puran shubhamh’[2]
  • dhritarashtr ne paandavoan ko adha rajy dete samay unhean kauravoan ke prachin nagar v rashtr khaandavaprasth ko vivardhit karake charoan varnoan ke sahayog se nee rajadhani banane ka adesh diya. tab paandavoan ne shrikrishn sahit khaandavaprasth pahuanchakar indr ki sahayata se indraprasth namak nagar vishvakarma dvara nirmit karavaya-
‘vishvakarmanh mahaprajn adyaprabhriti tath puramh, indraprasthamati khyatan divyan ramyan bhavishyati’[3]
  • is nagar ke charoan or samudr ki bhaanti jal se poorn khaiyaan bani huee thian, jo us nagar ki shobha badhati thian. shvet badaloan tatha chandrama ke saman ujjal parakota nagar ke charoan or khiancha hua tha. isaki ooanchaee akash ko chhooti maloom hoti thi-

‘sagar pratirupabhi: parikhabhiralankritamh prakaren ch sampannan divamavrity tishthata, paandurabhr prakashen himarashminibhen ch shushubhetath purashreshthnagaibhorgav- tiyatha’[4]

  • is nagar ko sundar aur ramanik banane ke sath hi sath isaki suraksha ka bhi poora prabandh kiya gaya tha-
'talpaishchabhyasikairyuktan shushumeyodharakshitamh tikshnaankush shatadhnibhiryantr jalaishch shobhitamh;’ ‘sarvashilpavidastatr vasayabhyagamanstada, udyanani ch ramyani nagarasy samantap: ;’ ‘manoharaishchitr grihaistatha jagatiparvatai: vapibhivirvidhabhishch poornabhi: paramabhbhasa, ramyashch vividhastatr pushkarinyo banavrita:’[5]

inamean astr-shastroan ka abhyas kiya jata tha. aisi anek atariyoan se yukt aur yoddhaoan se surakshit vah nagar shobha se sanyukt tha. tikhe aankush aur shatadhvaniyoan aur anyany shastroan se vah nagar sushobhit tha.