धृतराष्ट्र

Disamb2.jpg dhritarashtr ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- dhritarashtr (bahuvikalpi)
chitr:Sanjaya-Dhritarashtra.jpg
dhritarashtr ko mahabharat ki ghatanaoan ka aankhoan dekha hal batate huye sanjay

dhritarashtr mahabharat mean hastinapur ke maharaj vichitraviry ki pahali patni aanbika ke putr the. unaka janm maharshi vedavyas ke varadan svaroop hua tha. hastinapur ke maharaj shantanu apani rani satyavati dvara chitraangad aur vichitraviry namak do putroan ke pita bane the. jab chitraangad aur vichitraviry chhote hi the, tabhi shantanu ka svargavas ho gaya, isaliye unaka palan-poshan bhishm ne kiya.

bhishm dvara kashi rajakumariyoan ka haran

bhishm ne chitraangad ke b de hone par use rajagaddi par bitha diya, kintu kuchh samay bad hi vah gandharvoan se yuddh karate huye mara gaya. bhishm ne usake bhaee vichitraviry ko rajy sauanpane ke bad bhishm ko vichitraviry ke vivah ki chinta huee. usi samay kashiraj ki tin kanyaoan, amba, ambika aur ambalika ka svayanvar hone vala tha. bhishm ne vahaan jakar akele hi sabhi rajaoan ko hara diya aur tinoan kanyaoan ka haran karake hastinapur le aye. b di kanya amba ne bhishm ko bataya ki vah raja shalv ko prem karati hai. yah sun kar bhishm ne use raja shalv ke pas bhijavaya aur ambika aur ambalika ka vivah vichitraviry ke sath karava diya. raja shalv ne amba ko svikar nahian kiya atah vah hastinapur vapis laut ayi aur bhishm se boli, 'he ary! ap mujhe laye haian atah ap mujhase vivah karean.' kintu bhishm ne apani pratijna ke karan usaka anurodh asvikar kar diya. amba naraz ho kar parashuram ke pas gee aur apani vyatha suna kar madad maangi. parashuram ne kaha, 'he devi! maian apaka vivah bhishm ke sath karavauanga.' parashuram ne bhishm ko bulavaya kintu bhishm unake pas nahian gaye. parashuram krodhit hokar bhishm ke pas pahuanche aur donoan mean yuddh chhi d gaya. donoan kushal yoddha the, atah har-jit ka phaisala na ho paya. aant mean devataoan ne hastakshep kar is yuddh ko band karavaya. amba van mean tapasya karane chali gee.

dhritarashtr janm

vichitraviry ki koee santan nahian huee aur ve kshay rog se pi dit ho kar mrityu ko prapt ho gaye. kul ka nash hone ke bhay se mata satyavati ne bhishm se kaha, 'putr! is vansh ko nasht hone se bachane ke liye meri ajna hai ki tum in donoan raniyoan se putr utpann karo.' mata ka adesh sun kar bhishm ne kaha, 'mata! maian apani pratijna bhang nahian kar sakata.' mata satyavati ko atyant duahkh hua. achanak unhean apane putr vedavyas ki yad ayi. yad karate hi vedavyas vahaan upasthit ho gaye. satyavati ne unhean dekh kar kaha, 'putr! tumhare sabhi bhaee niahsantan hi svargavasi ho gaye. atah vansh ka nash hone se bachane ke liye maian tumhean ajna deti hooan ki tum unaki patniyoan se santan utpann karo.' vedavyas unaki ajna man kar bole, 'mata! ap un donoan raniyoan se kah dean ki ve ek varsh tak niyam vrat ka palan karate rahean tabhi unako garbh dharan hoga.'

ek varsh vyatit ho jane par vedavyas sabase pahale b di rani ambika ke pas gaye. ambika ne unake tez se dar kar apane netr band kar liye. vedavyas laut kar mata se bole, 'mata ambika ka b da hi tejasvi putr hoga kintu netr band karane ke dosh ke karan vah aandha hoga. satyavati ko yah sun kar atyant duahkh hua. unhoanne vedavyas ko chhoti rani ambalika ke pas bheja. ambalika vedavyas ko dekh kar bhay se pili p d gee. usake kaksh se lautane par vedavyas ne satyavati se kaha,'mata! ambalika ke garbh se pandu rog se grasit putr hoga." isase mata satyavati ko aur bhi duahkh hua. unhoanne b di rani ambalika ko punah vedavyas ke pas jane ka adesh diya. is bar b di rani ne svayan n ja kar apani dasi ko vedavyas ke pas bhej diya. dasi ne anandapoorvak vedavyas se bhog karaya. is bar vedavyas ne mata satyavati ke pas a kar kaha, 'mate! is dasi ke garbh se ved-vedant mean parangat atyant nitivan putr utpann hoga.' itana kah kar vedavyas tapasya karane chale gaye. samay ane par amba ke garbh se janmaandh dhritarashtr, ambalika ke garbh se pandu rog se grasit pandu tatha dasi ke garbh se dharmatma vidur ka janm hua. dhritarashtr, pandu aur vidur ke lalan palan ka bhar bhishm ke oopar tha. tinoan putr b de hone par vidya padhane bheje gaye. dhritarashtr bal vidya mean, pandu dhanurvidya mean tatha vidur dharm aur niti mean nipun huye. yuva hone par dhritarashtr andhe hone ke karan rajy ke uttaradhikari n ban sake. vidur dasiputr the isaliye pandu ko hi hastinapur ka raja ghoshit kiya gaya. bhishm ne dhritarashtr ka vivah gaandhar ki rajakumari gaandhari se kar diya. gaandhari ko jab jnat hua ki usaka pati andha hai to usane svayan apani aankhoan par patti baandh li.

mahabharat se

dhritarashtr pandu ka b da bhaee tha. usake sau putr kaurav nam se vikhyat hue. mahabharat jaise vrihat yuddh mean yadyapi kauravoan ki or se anyay hua tha tathapi dhritarashtr ki sahanubhooti apane putroan ki or hi rahi. vayovriddh hone par bhi nyayasangat bat usake muanh se nahian nikali. usane sanjay ke dvara paandavoan ke pas yah sandesh bhijavaya tha ki kauravoan ke pas aparimit sainy bal hai at: ve log kauravoan se yuddh n karean. yudhishthir ne sanjay se poochha ki usane paandavoan ke kis karm se yah anubhav kiya hai ki ve log yuddh ke lie udyat haian? shrikrishn ne kaha-'yadi paandavoan ke adhikar ki hani nahian ho to donoan mean sandhi karana shreyaskar hai anyatha kshatriy ka dharm svarajy-prapti ke lie yuddh mean pranoan ka svaha kar dena hai.' jaisa sandesh usane paandavoan ke pas bheja tha, vaisa kuchh kauravoan ko samajhane ka prayas usane nahian kiya. vidur (dhritarashtr ke chhote bhaee) ne bhi dhritarashtr ko bahut samajhaya ki paandavoan ka sarvasvaharan karane ke uparaant ve sab unase shaanti ki apeksha kaise kar sakate haian? anyay se paandav to l deange hi. bhavi aanshaka se grast hokar dhritarashtr apane putroan ko yuddh se nahian rok paya. hua bhi aisa hi. sanbhavit mahabharat yuddh mean sabhi kauravoan ka nash ho gaya. paandavoan ke adhikaansh sainik tatha paanchal nasht ho gaye.

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mahabharat ki ghatanaoan ka varnan karate hue sanjay

duryodhan ki mrityu ke uparaant dhritarashtr apane pran tyagane ko udyat ho utha. vyas tatha vidur ne apane purane kathanoan ka smaran dilakar aur is durghatana ko anivary batalakar dhritarashtr ko shaant kiya tatha adesh diya ki vah paandavoan se maitribhav rakhane ka prayas kare. dhritarashtr ne aisa hi karane ka ashvasan diya kiantu vah paandavoan par bahut kruddh raha. tadanantar vah striyoan tatha prajajanoan sahit mrit viroan ke aantyeshtikarm adi ke lie ranabhoomi ki or chal p da. marg mean kripachary, ashvatthama tatha kritavarma se bheant huee. un tinoan viroan ne paanchaloan se lie pratishodh ke vishay mean savistar vrittaant dhritarashtr ko sunaya aur yah batakar ki ve paandavoan se chhipakar bhag rahe haian- ashvatthama vyas muni ke ashram ki or, kripachary hastinapur tatha kritavarma apane desh ki or badhe. hastinapur mean rudan karati huee mahilaoan ke madhy roti huee draupadi, paandav, satyaki tatha krishn bhi the. dhritarashtr unase bhi mile. bhim ki lauh-pratima ko unhoanne gale lagakar choor-choor kar diya. krishn ne unake krodh ko shaant kiya, phatakara bhi, tab ve paandavoan ko hriday se laga paye.

dhritarashtr- vanagaman

paandavoan ne vijayi hone ke uparaant dhritarashtr tatha gaandhari ki poorn tanmayata se seva ki. paandavoan mean se bhimasen aise the jo sabaki chori se dhritarashtr ko apriy lagane vale kam karate rahate the, kabhi-kabhi sevakoan se bhi dhrishtatapoorn mantranaean karavate the. dhritarashtr dhire-dhire do din ya char din mean ek bar bhojan karane lage. pandrah varsh bad unhean itana vairagy hua ki ve van jane ke lie chhatapatane lage. ve aur gaandhari yudhishthir tatha vyas muni se ajna lekar van mean chale gaye.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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