कुरु वंश

kuru vansh ki shuruat raja kuru se huee thi. ve is vansh ke pratham purush the. raja kuru b de hi pratapi, shooravir aur tejasvi the. unhian ke nam par 'kuru vansh' ki shakhaean nikalian aur vikasit hueean. ek se ek pratapi aur tejasvi vir kuru vansh mean paida hue the. mahabharat ke prasiddh paandavoan aur kauravoan ne bhi kuru vansh mean hi janm dharan kiya tha. mahabharat ka yuddh bhi kuru vanshiyoan ke madhy hua tha, jo poore atharah dinoan tak chala. anuman kiya jata hai ki mahabharat mean varnit kuru vansh 1200 se 800 eesa poorv ke dauran shakti mean raha hoga. pauranik manyata ko dekhean to pata lagata hai ki pandav arjun ke pote, abhimanyu ke putr parikshit aur mahapadmanand ka kal 382 eesa poorv thaharata hai.

katha

'kuru' kaun the? aur unaka janm kisake dvara aur kaise hua tha?, in prashnoan par ved vyas ne mahabharat mean prakash dala hai. 'karu vansh' ki katha b di hi rochak aur prerana dene vali hai, jo is prakar hai-

raja sanvaran

ati prachin kal mean hastinapur mean ek pratapi raja rajy karate the, jinaka nam sanvaran tha. raja sanvaran soory ke saman tejavan the aur apani praja ka b da hi dhyan rakhane vale the. ve svayan kasht uthakar bhi apani praja ke kashtoan ko door karane ka poora prayatn karate the. sanvaran soory dev ke anany bhakt the. vah pratidin b di hi shraddha ke sath soory dev ki upasana kiya karate the. jab tak soory dev ki upasana nahian kar lete the, jal ka ek ghooant bhi kanth ke niche nahian utarate the.[1]

tapati se bheant

ek din sanvaran ek parvat par shikar khelane ke lie gaye. jab vah hath mean dhanush-ban lekar parvat ke oopar akhet ke lie bhraman kar rahe the, tab unhean ek ativ suandar yuvati dikhaee p di. vah yuvati suandarata ke saanche mean dhali huee thi. aisa jan p data tha ki usake pratyek aang ko vidhata ne b di hi ruchi ke sath sanvar kar banaya ho. sanvaran ne aj tak aisi sundar yuvati nahian dekhi thi. sanvaran man ko moh lene vali us yuvati par asakt ho gaye. sab kuchh bhool kar unhoanne svayan ko us par nyauchhavar kar diya. vah us yuvati ke pas jakar, trishit netroan se usaki or dekhate hue bole- "tanvangi, tum kaun ho? tum devi ho, gandharv ho ya kinnari ho? tumhean dekhakar mera chitt chanchal ho utha hai. tum mere sath gandharv vivah karake sukhopabhog karo." kiantu us yuvati ne sanvaran ki batoan ka kuchh bhi uttar nahian diya. vah kuchh kshanoan tak sanvaran ki or dekhati rahi, phir adrishy ho gee. yuvati ke adrishy ho jane par sanvaran atyadhik vyakul ho gaye. vah dhanush-ban pheankakar unmatoan ki bhaanti vilap karane lage- "suandari! tum kahaan chali geean? jis prakar soory ke bina kamal murajha jata hai aur jis prakar jal ke bina paudha sookh jata hai, usi prakar tumhare bina maian jivit nahian rah sakata. tumhare sauandary ne mere man ko chura liya hai. tum prakat hokar mujhe batao ki tum kaun ho aur maian tumhean kis prakar pa sakata hooan?"

tapati ka kathan

sanvaran ki aisi avastha aur vyakulata se vah yuvati pun: prakat huee. vah sanvaran ki or dekhati huee boli- "rajan! maian svayan ap par mugdh hooan, kiantu maian apane pita ki ajna ke vash mean hooan. maian soory dev ki chhoti putri hooan. mera nam 'tapati' hai. jab tak mere pita ajna nahian deange, maian apake sath vivah nahian kar sakati. yadi apako mujhe pana hai to mere pita ko prasann kijie." vah yuvati apane kathan ko samapt karati huee pun: adrishy ho gee. sanvaran pun: unmattoan ki bhaanti vilap karane lage. vah akulit hokar prithvi par gir gaye aur 'tapati-tapati' ki pukar se parvat ko dhvanit karane lage. sanvaran tapati ko pukarate-pukarate dharati par girakar behosh ho gaye. jab unaki chetana vapas aee, to pun: unhean tapati smaran ho aee. unhean tapati ka vah kathan bhi smaran hua ki- "yadi mujhe pana chahate haian, to mere pita soory dev ko prasann kijie. unaki ajna ke bina maian apase vivah nahian kar sakati."[1]