भागवत पुराण


sankshipt parichay
bhagavat puran
bhagavat puran, gitapres gorakhapur ka avaran prishth
vivaran 'shrimadbhagavat puran' varnan ki vishadata aur udatt kavy-ramaniyata se otaprot hai. yah vidya ka akshay bhandar hai. yah puran sabhi prakar ke kalyan dene vala tatha tray tap-adhibhautik, adhidaivik aur adhidaihik adi ka shaman karata hai. jnan, bhakti aur vairagy ka yah mahan granth hai.
bhasha sanskrit, hindi
skandh 12
adhyay 355
shlok 18 hajar
avatar 24
any janakari bhagavat ke rachanakal ke sanbandh mean bhi vivad hai. dayanand sarasvati ne ise terahavian shatabdi ki rachana bataya hai, par adhikaansh vidvan ise chhathi shatabdi ka granth manate haian. ise kisi dakshinaty vidvan ki rachana mana jata hai. bhagavat puran ka dasavaan skandh bhaktoan mean vishesh priy hai.

shrimadbhagavat puran hindoo samaj ka sarvadhik adaraniy puran hai. yah vaishnav sampraday ka pramukh granth hai. is granth mean vedoan, upanishadoan tatha darshan shastr ke goodh evan rahasyamay vishayoan ko atyant saralata ke sath niroopit kiya gaya hai. ise 'bharatiy dharm aur sanskriti ka vishvakosh' kahana adhik samichin hoga. saik doan varshoan se yah puran hindoo samaj ki dharmik, samajik aur laukik maryadaoan ki sthapana mean mahattvapoorn bhoomika ada karata a raha hai.

krishn
Krishna

is puran mean sakam karm, nishkam karm, jnan sadhana, siddhi sadhana, bhakti, anugrah, maryada, dvait-advait, dvaitadvait, nirgun-sagun tatha vyakt-avyakt rahasyoan ka samanvay upalabdh hota hai. 'shrimadbhagavat puran' varnan ki vishadata aur udatt kavy-ramaniyata se otaprot hai. yah vidya ka akshay bhandar hai. yah puran sabhi prakar ke kalyan dene vala tatha tray tap-adhibhautik, adhidaivik aur adhidaihik adi ka shaman karata hai. jnan, bhakti aur vairagy ka yah mahan granth hai.

is puran mean barah skandh haian, jinamean vishnu ke avataroan ka hi varnan hai. naimisharany mean shaunakadi rrishiyoan ki prarthana par lomaharshan ke putr ugrashrava soot ji ne is puran ke madhyam se shrikrishn ke chaubis avataroan ki katha kahi hai.

is puran mean varnashram-dharm-vyavastha ko poori manyata di gee hai tatha stri, shoodr aur patit vyakti ko ved sunane ke adhikar se vanchit kiya gaya hai. brahmanoan ko adhik mahattv diya gaya hai. vaidik kal mean striyoan aur shoodroan ko ved sunane se isalie vanchit kiya gaya tha ki unake pas un mantroan ko shravan karake apani smriti mean surakshit rakhane ka n to samay tha aur n hi unaka bauddhik vikas itana tikshn tha. kintu bad mean vaidik rrishiyoan ki is bhavana ko samajhe bina brahmanoan ne ise roodh bana diya aur ek prakar se vargabhed ko janm de dala.

'shrimadbhagavat puran' mean bar-bar shrikrishn ke eeshvariy aur alaukik roop ka hi varnan kiya gaya hai. puranoan ke lakshanoan mean pray: paanch vishayoan ka ullekh kiya gaya hai, kintu isamean das vishayoan-sarg-visarg, sthan, poshan, ooti, manvantar, eeshanukatha, nirodh, mukti aur ashray ka varnan prapt hota hai (doosare adhyay mean in das lakshanoan ka vivechan kiya ja chuka hai). yahaan shrikrishn ke gunoan ka bakhan karate hue kaha gaya hai ki unake bhaktoan ki sharan lene se kirath hoon, andhr, pulind, pulkas, abhir, kank, yavan aur khas adi tatkalin jatiyaan bhi pavitr ho jati haian.

sthan

bhagavan vishnu
God Vishnu

puranoan ke kram mean bhagavat puran paanchava sthan hai. par lokapriyata ki drishti se yah sabase adhik prasiddh hai. vaishnav 12 skandh, 335 adhyay aur 18 hazar shlokoan ke is puran ko 'mahapuran' manate haian. yah bhaktishakha ka advitiy granth mana jata hai aur acharyoan ne isaki anek tikaean ki hai. krishn-bhakti ka yah agar hai. sath hi uchch darshanik vicharoan ki bhi isamean prachurata hai. paravarti krishn-kavy ki aradhya 'radha' ka ullekh bhagavat mean nahian milata. is puran ka poora nam shrimadh bhagavat puran hai.

manyata

kuchh log ise mahapuran n manakar devi-bhagavat ko mahapuran manate haian. ve ise upapuran batate haian. par bahusankhyak mat is paksh mean nahian haian. bhagavat ke rachanakal ke sanbandh mean bhi vivad hai. dayanand sarasvati ne ise terahavian shatabdi ki rachana bataya hai, par adhikaansh vidvan ise chhathi shatabdi ka granth manate haian. ise kisi dakshinaty vidvan ki rachana mana jata hai. bhagavat puran ka dasavaan skandh bhaktoan mean vishesh priy hai.

srishti-utpatti

srishti-utpatti ke sandarbh mean is puran mean kaha gaya hai- ekoahambahusyami arthath ek se bahut hone ki ichchha ke phalasvaroop bhagavan svayan apani maya se apane svaroop mean kal, karm aur svabhav ko svikar kar lete haian. tab kal se tinoan gunoan- sattv, raj aur tam mean kshobh utpann hota hai tatha svabhav us kshobh ko roopantarit kar deta hai. tab karm gunoan ke mahattv ko janm deta hai jo kramash: ahankar, akash, vayu tej, jal, prithvi, man, indriyaan aur sattv mean parivartit ho jate haian. in sabhi ke paraspar milane se vyashti-samashti roop piand aur brahmand ki rachana hoti hai. yah brahmand roopi anda ek hazar varsh tak aise hi p da raha. phir bhagavan ne usamean se sahasr mukh aur aangoan vale virat purush ko prakat kiya. us virat purush ke mukh se brahman, bhujaoan se kshatriy, jaanghoan se vaishy aur pairoan se shoodr utpann hue.

virat purush roopi nar se utpann hone ke karan jal ko 'nar' kaha gaya. yah nar hi bad mean 'narayan' kahalaya. kul das prakar ki srishtiyaan bataee gee haian. mahattattv, ahankar, tanmatr, indiyaan, indriyoan ke adhishthata dev 'man' aur avidya- ye chhah prakrit srishtiyaan haian. inake alava char vikrit srishtiyaan haian, jinamean sthavar vriksh, pashu-pakshi, manushy aur dev ate haian.