कप दानव

kap danav mahabharat ke ullekhanusar vedoan ke jnata aur vidvan the. in danavoan ne svarg par bhi adhikar kar liya tha. brahma ke kahane par devataoan ne brahmanoan ki sharan li. tab brahmanoan ne kap danavoan ko prithvi par lakar unaka vadh kiya.

mahabharat anushasan parv[1] ke anusar, jab indr sahit samh‍poorn devata mad ke mukh mean p d gaye, usi samay chyavan ne unake adhikar ki sari bhoomi har li thi. apane donoan lokoan ka apaharan hua jan ve devata bahut du:khi ho gaye aur shok se atur ho mahath‍ma brahma ji ki sharan mean gaye. devata bole- "lokapoojit prabho! jis samay ham mad ke mukh mean p d gaye the, us samay chh‍yavan ne hamari bhoomi har li aur kap namak danavoan ne sh‍vargalok par adhikar kar liya." brahma ji ne kaha- "inh‍dr sahit devataoan! tum log shighr hi brahmanoan ki sharan mean jao. unh‍hean prasanh‍n kar lene par tum log pahale ki bhaanti donoan lok praph‍t kar loge." tab devata log brahmanoan ki sharan mean gaye.

brahmanoan ne poochha- "ham kinako jitean?" unake is tarah poochhane par devataoan ne brahmanoan se kaha- "ap log kap namak danavoan ko parash‍t kijiye". tab brahmanoan ne kaha- "ham un danavoan ko prithh‍vi par lakar parash‍t kareange." tadananh‍tar brahmanoan ne kap vinashak karm aramh‍bh kiya. isaka samachar sunakar kapoan ne brahmanoan ke pas apana dhani namak doot bheja, usane un brahmanoan se kapoan ka sandesh is prakar kaha- "brahmanoan! samash‍t kap namak danav ap logoan ke hi saman haian. phir unake viruddh yahaan kh‍ya ho raha hai? sabhi kap vedoan ke jnata aur vidvan haian. sab-ke-sab yajnoan ka anushh‍than karate haian. sabhi sath‍y pratijn haian aur sab-ke-sab maharshiyoan ke tulh‍y haian. shri unake yahaan raman karati haian aur ve shri ko dharan karate haian. ve paranayi striyoan se samagam nahian karate. maans ko vh‍yarth samajhakar use kabhi nahian khate haian. prajh‍valit agni mean ahuti dete aur gurujanoan ki ajna mean sthit rahate haian. ve sabhi apane man ko sanyam mean rakhate haian. balakoan ko unaka bhag baant dete haian. nikat akar dhire-dhire chalate haian. rajash‍vala sh‍tri ka kabhi sevan nahian karate. shubhakarm karate haian aur sh‍varg lok mean jate haian. garbhavati sh‍tri aur vriddh adi ke bhojan karane se pahale bhojan nahian karate haian. poorvahn mean jua nahian khelate aur din mean niand nahian lete haian. inase tatha anh‍y bahut se gunoan dvara sanyukh‍t hue kap namak danavoan ko ap log kh‍yoan parajit karana chahate haian? is avaanchhaniy kary se nivritt hoiye, kh‍yoanki nivritt hone se hi ap logoan ko sukh milega."[2]

tab brahmanoan ne kaha- "jo devata haian, ve ham log haian; at: devadrohi kap hamare liye vadhh‍y haian. isaliye ham kapoan ke kul ko parajit kareange. dhani! tum jaise aye ho usi tarah laut jao."

dhani ne jakar kapoan se kaha- "brahman log apaka priy karane ko udyat nahian haian." yah sunakar ash‍tr-shash‍tr hath mean le sabhi kap brahmanoan par toot p de. unaki ooanchi dhh‍vajaean phahara rahi thian. kapoan ko akraman karate dekh sabhi brahman un kapoan par prajh‍valit evan prananashak agni ka prahar karane lage. brahmanoan ke chho de hue sanatan agnidev un kapoan ka sanhar karake akash mean badaloan ke saman prakashit hone lage. us samay sab devataoan ne yuddh mean sangathit hokar danavoan ka sanhar kar dala. kiantu us samay unh‍hean yah maloom nahian tha ki brahmanoan ne kapoan ka vinash kar dala hai. tadananh‍tar mahatejash‍vi narad ne akar yah bat batayi ki kis prakar mahabhag brahmanoan ne apane tej se kapoan ka nash kiya hai. narad ji ki bat sunakar sab devata b de prasanh‍n hue. unh‍hoanne dvijoan aur yashash‍vi brahmanoan ki bhoori-bhoori prashansa ki.[3]


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. adhyay 197, shlok 01-21
  2. mahabharat anushasan parv adhyay 157 shlok 1-16
  3. mahabharat anushasan parv adhyay 157 shlok 17-27