होली

holi
Kolaz-Holi.jpg
any nam 'dol yatra' ya 'dol poornima' (pashchim bangal), 'kaman podigee' (tamilanadu), 'hola mohalla' (panjab), 'kamana habba' (karnatak), 'phagua' (bihar), 'rangapanchami' (maharashtr), 'shimago' (gova), 'dhuleandi' (hariyana), 'govianda holi' (gujarat), 'yosaang holi' (manipur) adi.
anuyayi hindoo, bharatiy, bharatiy pravasi
uddeshy dharmik nishtha, samajik ekata, manoranjan
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi phalgun poornima
utsav rang khelana, hu dadang, mauj-masti
anushthan holika dahan
prasiddhi latthamar holi (barasana)
sanbandhit lekh krishn, radha, gopi, barasana, mathura, braj
any janakari 'holi' bahut prachin utsav hai. isaka arambhik shabdaroop 'holaka' tha. bharat ke poorvi bhagoan mean yah shabd prachalit tha. 'holaka' un bis kri daoan mean ek hai, jo sampoorn bharat mean prachalit haian. isaka ullekh vatsyayan ke 'kamasootr' mean bhi hua hai, jisaka arth tikakar jayamangal ne kiya hai.

holi bharat ka pramukh tyohar hai. holi jahaan ek or samajik evan dharmik tyohar hai, vahian rangoan ka bhi tyohar hai. bal-vriddh, nar-nari sabhi ise b de utsah se manate haian. isamean jatibhed-varnabhed ka koee sthan nahian hota. is avasar par lak diyoan tatha kandoan adi ka dher lagakar 'holika poojan' kiya jata hai, phir usamean ag lagayi jati hai. poojan ke samay mantr uchcharan kiya jata hai.

itihas

prachalit manyataoan ke anusar yah tyohar daityaraj hiranyakashipu ki bahan holika ke mare jane ki smriti mean manaya jata hai. puranoan mean varnit hai ki hiranyakashipu ki bahan holika varadan ke prabhav se nity agni snan karati thi aur jalati nahian thi. hiranyakashipu ne apane rajy mean yah ghoshana karava rakhi thi ki sabhi praja ka bhagavan vahi hai, isilie usi ki pooja ki jae n ki vishnu ki. hiranyakashipu ne apani bahan holika se apane putr prahlad ko, jo ki bhagavan vishnu ka param bhakt tha, god mean lekar agni snan karane ko kaha. usane samajha ki aisa karane se prahlad agni mean jal jaega tatha holika bach jaegi. holika ne aisa hi kiya, kiantu holika jal gayi aur prahlad bach gaye. holika ko yah smaran hi nahian raha ki agni snan vah akele hi kar sakati hai. tabhi se is tyohar ke manane ki pratha chal p di.

prachin shabdaroop

yah bahut prachin utsav hai. isaka arambhik shabdaroop 'holaka' tha.[1] bharat mean poorvi bhagoan mean yah shabd prachalit tha. jaimini evan shabar ka kathan hai ki 'holaka' sabhi aryo dvara sampadit hona chahie. kathakagrihy[2] mean ek sootr hai 'raka hola ke', jisaki vyakhya tikakar devapal ne yoan ki hai- 'hola ek karm-vishesh hai, jo striyoan ke saubhagy ke lie sampadit hota hai, us krity mean raka[3] devata hai.'[4] any tikakaroan ne isaki vyakhya any roopoan mean ki hai. 'holaka' un bis kri daoan mean ek hai, jo sampoorn bharat mean prachalit haian. isaka ullekh vatsyayan ke 'kamasootr'[5] mean bhi hua hai, jisaka arth tikakar jayamangal ne kiya hai. phalgun ki poornima par log shrriang se ek-doosare par rangin jal chho date haian aur sugandhit choorn bikherate haian. hemadri[6] ne brihadyam ka ek shlok udbhrit kiya hai, jisamean holika-poornima ko hutashani[7] kaha gaya hai. liang puran mean aya hai- 'phalgun poornima ko 'phalgunika' kaha jata hai, yah bal-kri daoan se poorn hai aur logoan ko vibhooti, aishvary dene vali hai.' varah puran mean aya hai ki yah 'patavas-vilasini'[8] hai.[9]

holika

hemadri[10] ne bhavishyottar[11] se uddharan dekar ek katha di hai. yudhishthir ne krishn se poochha ki phalgun-poornima ko pratyek gaanv evan nagar mean ek utsav kyoan hota hai,
prahlad ko god mean liye baithi holika
pratyek ghar mean bachche kyoan kri damay ho jate haian aur 'holaka' kyoan jalate haian, usamean kis devata ki pooja hoti hai, kisane is utsav ka prachar kiya, isamean kya hota hai aur yah 'adada' kyoan kahi jati hai. krishn ne yudhishthir se raja raghu ke vishay mean ek kianvadanti kahi. raja raghu ke pas log yah kahane ke lie gaye ki 'dhondha' namak ek rakshasi hai jise shiv ne varadan diya hai ki use dev, manav adi nahian mar sakate haian aur n vah astr-shastr ya ja da ya garmi ya varsha se mar sakati hai, kintu shiv ne itana kah diya hai ki vah kri dayukt bachchoan se bhay kha sakati hai. purohit ne yah bhi bataya ki phalgun ki poornima ko ja de ki rritu samapt hoti hai aur grishm rritu ka agaman hota hai, tab log hansean evan anand manayean, bachche lak di ke tuk de lekar bahar prasannatapoorvak nikal p dean, lak diyaan evan ghas ekatr karean, rakshoghn mantroan ke sath usamean ag lagayean, taliyaan bajayean, agni ki tin bar pradakshina karean, hansean aur prachalit bhasha mean bhadde evan ashlil gane gayean, isi shoragul evan attahas se tatha hom se vah rakshasi maregi. jab raja ne yah sab kiya to rakshasi mar gayi aur vah din 'adada' ya 'holika' kaha gaya. age aya hai ki doosare din chaitr ki pratipada par logoan ko holikabhasm ko pranam karana chahie, mantrochcharan karana chahie, ghar ke praangan mean vargakar sthal ke madhy mean kam-pooja karani chahie. kam-pratima par sundar nari dvara chandan-lep lagana chahie aur pooja karane vale ko chandan-lep se mishrit amr-baur khana chahie. isake uparant yathashakti brahmanoan, bhatoan adi ko dan dena chahie aur 'kam devata mujh par prasann hoan' aisa kahana chahie. isake age puran mean aya hai- 'jab shukl paksh ki 15vian tithi par patajh d samapt ho jata hai aur vasant rritu ka prat: agaman hota hai to jo vyakti chandan-lep ke sath amr-manjari khata hai vah anand se rahata hai.'[12]

holika dahan

holika dahan poorn chandrama (phalgun poornima) ke din hi praranbh hota hai. is din sayankal ko holi jalaee jati hai. isake ek mah poorv arthath magh poornima ko 'erand' ya goolar vriksh ki tahani ko gaanv ke bahar kisi sthan par ga d diya jata hai, aur us par lak diyaan, sookhe upale, khar-patavar adi charoan se ekatr kiya jata hai aur phalgun poornima ki rat ya sayankal ise jalaya jata hai. paranpara ke anusar sabhi log alav ke charoan or ekatrit hote haian. ise 'alav ko holi' kaha jata hai. holi ki agni mean sookhi pattiyaan, tahaniyaan v sookhi lak diyaan dali jati haian tatha log isi agni ke charoan or nrity v sangit ka anand lete haian.

holi aur radha-krishn ki katha

bhagavan shrikrishn to saanvale the, parantu unaki atmik sakhi radha gauravarn ki thi. isalie balakrishn prakriti ke is anyay ki shikayat apani maan yashoda se karate tatha isaka karan janane ka prayatn karate. ek din yashoda ne shrikrishn ko yah sujhav diya ki ve radha ke mukh par vahi rang laga dean, jisaki unhean ichchha ho. natakhat shrikrishn yahi kary karane chal p de. ap chitroan v any bhakti akritiyoan mean shrikrishn ke isi krity ko jisamean ve radha v any gopiyoan par rang dal rahe haian, dekh sakate haian. yah premamayi shararat shighr hi logoan mean prachalit ho gee tatha holi ki paranpara ke roop mean sthapit huee. isi rritu mean log radha v krishn ke chitroan ko sajakar s dakoan par ghoomate haian. mathura ki holi ka vishesh mahattv hai, kyoanki mathura mean hi krishn ka janm hua tha.

mathura holi ke vibhinn drishy

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