सोलह कला

lagabhag tisari-chauthi shatabdi (eesavi) tak kala ka prayog 'aansh', 'bhag' ya 'khand' ke lie hua. soory ki gati ko barah bhagoan mean baanta gaya jise rashi bhi kaha gaya. rashi ka arth bhi hisse ya aangrezi mean kahean to 'Portion' se hi tha. soory ki gati ko barah kalaoan ya rashiyoan mean baanta gaya aur chandrama ko solah kalaoan mean. tisari-chauthi shatabdi ke bad kala shabd ka arth 'Art' ke lie hone laga. jisaka karan vatsayan aur jayamangal dvara manushy ki vibhinn rang (rang) kshamataoan, vidhaoan aur sevaoan ko shrenibaddh kar dena raha. jayamangal ne inhean 64 shreniyoan mean vibhakt kiya. jinhean chauansath yogini ke roop mean bhi prasiddhi, vajrayaniyoan ke prabhav se nirmit khajuraho adi mean mili.

solah kalaoan se poorn shrikrishn

jin solah kala ka ullekh krishn ke lie hua usaka sandarbh aansh hai n ki koee 'art'. isake lie vaidik aur pauranik do manyata haian. poornavatar, eeshvar ke solah aansh (kala) se poorn hota hai. samany manushy mean paanch ashoan (kalaoan) ka samavesh hota hai yahi manushy yoni ki pahachan bhi hai. paanch kalaoan se kam hone par pashu, vanaspati adi ki yoni banati hai aur paanch se ath kalaoan tak shreshth manushy ki shreni banati hai. avatar nau se solah kalaoan se yukt hote haian. pandrah tak aanshavatar hi haian. ram barah aur krishn solah kalaoan se poorn haian.
ek manyata yah bhi hai ki ram sooryavanshi haian to soory ki barah kalaoan ke karan, barah kalayukt aanshavatar hue. krishn chandravanshi haian to chandrama ki solah kalaoan se yukt hone ke karan poornavatar haian. 'kala' ki tarah hi anek aise shabd haian jinake arth kalantar mean badal ge. jinamean se ek shabd 'sangram' bhi hai. prachin kal mean vibhinn gramoan ke sammelan ko sangram kahate the. in sammelanoan mean aksar jhag de hote the aur yuddh jaisa roop dharan kar lete the. dhire-dhire sangram shabd yuddh ke lie prayukt hone laga. 'shastr' shabd ko kala ne bahut sahajata ke sath badal diya pak shastr , sauandary shastr, shilp shastr adi sab kramash: pak kala, saundary kala, shilp kala adi ho ge.[1]

paramatma ki shodash kalashakti

paramatma ki shodash kalashakti j d-chetanatmak samast sansar mean vyapt hai. ek jiv jitani matra mean apani yoni ke anusar hota hai, utani hi matra mean paramatma ki kala jivashray ke madhyam se vikasit hoti hai. at: ek yonij jiv any yoni ke jiv se unnat isalie hai ki usamean any yonij jivoan se bhagavatakala ka vikas adhik matra mean hota hai. chetan srishti mean udabhijj srishti eeshvar ki pratham rachana hai, isilie annamayakoshapradhan udabhijj yoni mean paramatma ki shodash kalaoan mean se ek kala ka vikas rahata hai. isamean shrutiyaan bhi sahamat haian, yatha-

shodashanaan kalanameka kalaatishishtabhooth saanne-nopasamahita prajvalith.

(paramatma ki solah kalaoan mean ek kala ann mean milakar annamash kosh ke dvara prakat huee.)

kalaean

at: spasht hai, udabhijj yoni dvara paramatma ki ek kala ka vikas hota hai. isi kram mean paravarti jivayoni svedaj mean eeshvar ki do kala, andaj mean tin aur jarayuj ke antargat pashu yoni mean char kalaoan ka vikas hota hai. isake anantar jarayuj manushy yoni mean paanch kalaoan ka vikas hota hai. kintu yah sadharan manushy tak hi simit hai. jin manushyoan mean paanch se adhik ath kala tak ka vikas hota hai, ve sadharan manushyakoti mean n akar vibhooti koti mean hi pariganit hote haian. kyoanki paanch kalaoan se manushy ki sadharan shakti ka hi vikas hota hai, aur isase adhik chh: se lekar ath kalaoan ka vikas hone par vishesh shakti ka vikas mana jata hai, jise vibhooti koti mean rakha gaya hai.

kala vikas

is prakar ek kala se lekar ath kala tak shakti ka vikas laukik roop mean hota hai. navam kala se lekar shodash kala tak ka vikas alaukik vikas hai, jise jivakoti nahian apitu avatar koti kahate haian. at: jin kendroan dvara paramatma ki shakti navam kala se lekar shodash kala tak vikasit hoti hai, ve sabhi kendr jiv n kahalakar avatar kahe jate haian. inamean navam kala se pandrah kala tak ka vikas aanshavatar kahalata hai evan shodash kalakendr poorn avatar ka kendr hai. isi kala vikas ke taratamy se chetan jivoan mean anek visheshataean dekhane mean ati haian. yatha paanch koshoan mean se annamay kosh ka udabhijj yoni mean apoorv roop se prakat hona ek kala vikas ka hi pratiphal hai. at: aushadhi, vanaspati, vriksh tatha lataoan mean jo jivoan ki pranadhayak evan pushti pradayak shakti hai, yah sab ek kala ke vikas ka hi parinam hai.[2]