राधाष्टमी

radhashtami
radhashtami ke avasar par radha rani mandir, barasana
anuyayi hiandoo
uddeshy is din radha ji ka vishesh poojan aur vrat kiya jata hai.
tithi bhadrapad, shukl paksh, ashtami
utsav radharani ki janmasthali raval mean vaidik mantroan ke madhy kee man doodh, dahi, boora, shahad evan ghi se shyamashyam ka abhishek kiya jata hai aur bad mean bhaktoan mean prasad vitarit kiya jata hai.
dharmik manyata mana jata hai ki isi din radha ji ka janm hua tha. is tithi par radha ji ke poojan tatha vrat ka vishesh mahattv hai.
prasiddhi hindoo tyohar
sanbandhit lekh krishn janmashtami
any janakari baanke bihari mandir mean dinabhar rasalila hoti hai. radha-vallabh mandir se yugalasvaroop ki shobhayatra nikalati hai jis par jagah-jagah pushp varsha aur arati karake svagat kiya jata hai.

radhashtami bhadrapad mas mean shukl paksh ki ashtami ko manaya jata hai. is din krishn priya radha ji ka janm hua tha. radhashtami ke avasar par uttar pradesh ke barasana mean hazaroan shraddhalu ekatr hote haian. barasana ko radha ji ki janmasthali mana jata hai. barasana mathura se 50 ki.mi. door uttar-pashchim mean aur govardhan se 21 ki.mi. door uttar mean sthit hai. yah bhagavan shrikrishn ki premika radha ji ki janm sthali hai. yah parvat ke dhalaoo hisse mean basa hua hai. is parvat ko brahma parvat ke nam se jana jata hai. barasana mean radha-krishn bhaktoan ka saloan bhar taanta laga rahata hai. shraddhalu is din barasana ki ooanchi paha di par sthit gahavar van ki parikrama karate haian tatha ladali ji radharani ke mandir mean darshan kar khushi manate haian. din ke alava poori rat barasana mean gahamagahami rahati hai. vibhinn prakar ke saanskritik ayojan kie jate haian. braj bhoomi par hi bhagavan krishn ka janm hua tha aur yahian par unhoanne apana yauvan bitaya. dharmik gitoan aur kirtan ke sath utsav prarambh hota hai. vaishnav jan is din bahut hi shraddha aur ullas ke sath vrat utsav manate haian.

pramukh tathy

  • yah vrat bhadrapad ke shukl paksh ki ashtami ko kiya jata hai.
  • is din radha ji ka janm hua tha.
  • shrikrishn janmashtami ke pandrah din bad ashtami ko hi radha ji ka janmadin manaya jata haian.
  • is din radha ji ka vishesh poojan aur vrat kiya jata hai.
  • sarvapratham radha ji ko panchamrit se snan karaean, phir unaka shrriangar karean. snanadi se sharir shuddh karake mandap ke bhitar mandal banakar usake bich mean mitti ya taanbe ka shuddh bartan rakhakar us par do vastroan se dhaki huee radha ji ki svarn ya kisi any dhatu ki bani huee suandar moorti sthapit karani chahie. isake bad madhyahn ke samay shraddha, bhaktipoorvak radha ji ki pooja karani chahie. bhog lagakar dhoop, dip, pushp adi se radha ji ki arati utarani chahie. yadi sanbhav ho to us din upavas karana chahie. phir doosare din suvasini striyoan ko bhojan karakar aur moorti ko dan karane ke bad svayan bhojan karana chahie. is prakar is vrat ki samapti karean.
  • is prakar vidhipoorvak v shraddha se yah vrat karane par manushy papoan se mukt ho jata hai v is lok aur paralok ke sukh bhogata hai. manushy braj ka rahasy jan leta hai tatha radha parikaroan[1] mean nivas karata hai.

braj mean radhashtami

Seealso.jpg inhean bhi dekhean: krishn janmashtami, radha rani mandir barasana evan barasana

braj mandal mean janmashtami ki tarah radhashtami bhi ek b de tyohar ke roop mean manaya jata hai. vriandavan mean bhi yah utsav utsah ke sath manaya jata hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ko pane ke lie yugoan se rrishi-muni, sant-vidvan bhagavati radha ka ashray lete rahe haian. sada se shriradha hi shrikrishn prem ki prerana srot rahi haian.

radhabhav

shrikrishn ki bhakti, prem aur ras ki triveni jab hriday mean pravahit hoti hai, tab man tirth ban jata hai. 'satyam shivam suandaram' ka yah mahabhav hi 'radhabhav' kahalata hai. shrikrishn vaishnavoan ke lie param aradhy haian. vaishnav shrikrishn ko hi apana sarvasv manate haian. anand hi unaka svaroop hai. bhagavan shrikrishn ki upasana matr vaishnavoan ke lie hi nahian, varanh samast praniyoan ke lie anandadayak hai. shrikrishn hi anand ka moortiman svaroop haian. krishn prem ki sarvochch avastha hi 'radhabhav' hai.

upanishad aur puranoan se

radhashtami ka anand uthate hue shraddhalu
jis prakar shrikrishn anand ka vigrah haian, usi prakar radha prem ki moorti haian. at: jahaan shrikrishn haian, vahian radha haian aur jahaan radha haian, vahian shrikrishn haian. krishn ke bina radha ya radha ke bina krishn ki kalpana ke sanbhav nahian haian. isi se radha 'mahashakti' kahalati haian. 'radhopanishad' mean radha ka parichay dete hue kaha gaya hai-
krishn inaki aradhana karate haian, isalie ye radha haian aur ye sada krishn ki aradhana karati haian, isilie radhika kahalati haian. braj ki gopiyaan aur dvaraka ki raniyaan inhian shri radha ki aansharoopa haian. ye radha aur ye anand sagar shrikrishn ek hote hue bhi krida ke lie do ho ge haian. radhika krishn ki pran haian. in radha rani ki avahelana karake jo krishn ki bhakti karana chahata hai, vah unhean kabhi pa nahian sakata.'
  • skand puran ke anusar radha shrikrishn ki atma haian. isi karan bhaktajan sidhi-sadhi bhasha mean unhean 'radharaman' kahakar pukarate haian.
  • padm puran mean 'paramanand' ras ko hi radha-krishn ka yugal-svaroop mana gaya hai. inaki aradhana ke bina jiv paramanand ka anubhav nahian kar sakata.
  • bhavishy puran aur garg sanhita ke anusar, dvapar yug mean jab bhagavan shrikrishn prithvi par avatarit hue, tab bhadrapad mas ke shukl paksh ki ashtami ke din maharaj vrishabhanu ki patni kirti ke yahaan bhagavati radha avatarit huee. tab se bhadrapad shukl ashtami 'radhashtami' ke nam se vikhyat ho gee.
  • narad puran ke anusar 'radhashtami' ka vrat karane vala bhakt braj ke durlabh rahasy ko jan leta hai.
  • padm puran mean satyatapa muni subhadra gopi prasang mean radha nam ka spasht ullekh hai. radha aur krishn ko 'yugal sarakar' ki sanjna to kee jagah di gee hai.
  • shiv puran mean shrikrishn sakha vipr sudama se bhinn sudama gop ko radhaji dvara shrap die jane ka ullekh hai.

nishkam prem aur samarpan

radha ka prem nishkam aur ni:svarth hai. vah shrikrishn ko samarpit haian, radha shrikrishn se koee kamana ki poorti nahian chahatian. vah sadaiv shrikrishn ke anand ke lie udyat rahati haian. isi prakar jab manushy sarvasv samarpan ki bhavana ke sath krishn prem mean lin hota hai, tabhi vah radhabhav grahan kar pata hai. krishn prem ka shikhar radhabhav hai. tabhi to shrikrishn ko pane ke lie har koee radharanika ashray leta hai.

radhashtami ka anand uthate hue shraddhalu

mahabhavasvaroopatvankrishnapriyavariyasi.
premabhaktipradedevi radhiketvaannamamyahamh॥

hindi sahity mean radha

hindi ke bhaktikalin kaviyoan ne 'radha-krishn' par ek se badhakar ek utkrisht kavitaean likhi haian jo hindi sahity ki amooly dharohar haian. magar in kavitaoan ko sarahane vale bhi ukt avadharana ke prabhav mean akar radha ko kalpanik charitr hi man baithate haian. is avadharana ke virodh mean pahala tark to yahi hai ki itane sare krishnabhakt kavi jinamean sooradas, mirabaee, biharilal tatha rasakhan pramukh haian, ne in par bahut sari kavitaean likhi haian.

shukadev muni dvara raja parikshit ko sunaee gee katha par adharit shrikrishn ke jivan charitr se sanbandhit prachin pramanik granth 'shrimadh‍bhagavat puran' mean radha nam ka ullekh nahian hai. kianvadanti hai ki radha ji ne shrimadh‍bhagavat puran ke samakalin rachanakar maharshi vedavyas se anurodh kiya tha ki ve is granth mean unaka namollekh kahian n karean aur yah poornat: shrikrishn ko samarpit ho.

radha ji ki sakhiyaan

dharmik kathaoan mean radha ji ke sath hi unaki ath sakhiyoan ka bhi ullekh ata hai. inake nam haian-

  1. lalita
  2. vishakha
  3. chitra
  4. indulekha
  5. champakalata
  6. rangadevi
  7. tuangavidya
  8. sudevi.

vriandavan mean in sakhiyoan ko samarpit prasiddh ashtasakhi mandir bhi hai.

bhagavat mean radha

virahini radha
  • bhagavat mean bhi radha ka pratyaksh ullekh nahian hai lekin paroksh roop se radha nam chhipa hua hai. bhagavat mean kaha gaya hai - 'gopiyaan apas mean kahati haian- avashy hi sarvashaktiman bhagavan shrikrishn ki yah aradhika hogi isilie is par prasann hokar hamare pranapriy shyam ne hamean chho d diya hai aur ise ekant mean le ge haian. yah gopi aur koee nahian balki radha hi thian. shlok ke 'aradhito' shabd mean radha ka nam bhi chhipa hua hai.[2]
  • bhagavat mean maharas ke prasang mean is shlok mean varnan hai-

'tatrarabhat govindo rasakri damanuvratai.
striratnairanvitah pritairanyonyabaddh bahubhiah..'[3]

  • radha ji ke pita vrishabhanu pramukh gop the. ve vriandavan ke nikat barasana ke rahane vale the. anek bhagavat ke bad ke granthoan mean to radha nam ka ullekh hua hai. jis prakar vibhinn devi-devataoan ke 'kavach' path hote haian usi prakar radha ji ka bhi kavach upalabdh hai. yah kavach prachin 'shri naradapancharatr' mean hai, jo yah siddh karata hai ki radha nam bhaktikalin kaviyoan se bahut pahale bhi tha.
  • shri naradapancharatr mean shiv parvati sanvad ke roop mean prastut 'shri radha kavachamh' ke praranbh mean 'shri radhikayai nam:' likha hua hai. pahale shlok mean devi parvati bhagavan shankar se anurodh karati haian-

kailas vasinh bhagavanh bhaktanugrahakarak.
radhika kavachan punyan kathayasv mam prabho..[4]

  • lok manyata hai ki vriandavan ke 'imali tala' mean unaka is roop mean vidhivat abhishek bhi hua tha. kuchh logoan ka yah bhi manana hai ki vriandavan mean yamuna par 'bhaandir van' mean svayan brahma ji ke purohitattv mean shrikrishn-radha vivah bhi sanpann hua tha.
  • gosvami tulasidas dvara rachit shriramacharitamanas mahakavy mean 'shiv parvati vivah' ke avasar par ganesh vandana ka ullekh karate haian-

'muni anusasan ganapatihi poojeu sanbhu bhavani.
kou suni sansay karai jani sur anadi jiy jani..[5]

barasana mean radhashtami

mathura, vrindavan, barasana, raval aur maant ke radha rani mandir mean utsav hota hai. vrindavan ke 'radha ballabh mandir' mean to ‘daooji’ ke huranga sa drishy tha. radha janm ki khushi mean gosvami samaj ke log jhoom uthate haian. mandir parisar ‘radha pyari ne janm liya hai, kuanvar kishori ne janm liya hai’ ke samoohik svaroan se gooanj uthata hai, mandir mean bani haudiyoan se haldi mishrit dahi ko gosvamiyoan par u dela jata hai to ve nrity kar uthate haian aur ek doosare ko badhaee dete haian. bhog ke lie mandir ke pat band hote hi badhaee gayan ke bad darshan khulate hi dadhikana shuroo ho jata hai jisaka samapan arati ke bad hota hai. mandir ke anusar vaidik mantroan ke madhy mandir mean mukhy shri vigrah ka pratah sadhe paanch baje se sat baje tak abhishek hota hai aur usake bad mangala arati hoti hai. samaj gayan ke bad gosvami radha janm ki khushi mean ek doosare ko badhaee dete haian.

radha-krishn

vrindavan mean radhashtami

radha damodar mandir, radha shyam sundar mandir, krishn-balaram mandir aur radha raman mandir mean vaidik mantroan ke madhy jab abhishek hota hai to vatavaran radhamay ho gaya.

raval mean radhashtami

radharani ki janmasthali raval mean vaidik mantroan ke madhy kee man doodh, dahi, boora, shahad evan ghi se shyamashyam ka abhishek kiya jata hai aur bad mean bhaktoan mean prasad vitarit kiya jata hai. radhashtami ke avasar par ladaliji mandir ke samane mela lagata hai. keshavadev mandir mean thakur ji ka shrriangar shriradha ke roop mean kiya jata hai. radharashtami ke pavan parv par hazaroan tirthayatri giri govardhan ki parikrama karate haian.

maant mean radhashtami

radharani maant mean bhi vishesh poojan archan ke bad bhaktoan mean prasad vitarit kiya jata hai. baanke bihari mandir mean dinabhar rasalila hoti hai. radha-vallabh mandir se yugalasvaroop ki shobhayatra nikalati hai jis par jagah-jagah pushp varsha aur arati karake svagat kiya jata hai.

pooja

radhashtami ko radha-krishn ki sanyukt roop se pooja karani chahiye. sarvapratham radhaji ko panchamrit se snan karakar unaka shrriangar karana chahiye. tatpashchat phal-phool chadhakar dhoop-dip ityadi se arati karane ke uparaant bhog lagana chahiye. mandiroan mean 27 pe doan ki pattiyoan, 27 kuoan ke jal, sava man doodh, dahi, ghrit evan boora aur aushadhiyoan se mool shaanti hoti hai aur usake bad mean kee man panchamrit se vaidik mantroan ke sath 'shyamashyam' ka abhishek kiya jata hai. shraddhalu gahavar van ki parikrama bhi lagate haian.