कृष्ण जन्मभूमि

krishn janmabhoomi
shri krishn janm sthan, mathura
vivaran bhagavan shri krishn ki janmabhoomi ka na keval rashdriy star par mahattv hai, balki vaishvik star par janapad mathura bhagavan shrikrishn ke janmasthan se hi jana jata hai. paryatan ki drishti se videshoan se bhi bhagavan shrikrishn ke darshan ke lie yahaan pratidin darshanarthi ate haian.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila mathura
prabandhak shrikrishn janmabhoomi trasht
kaise pahuanchean mathura jankshan relave steshan par adhikaansh rel rukati haian. dilli, agara, aligadh, gvaliyar se mathura ke lie bas seva bhi upalabdh hai.
relave steshan mathura jankshan, mathura chhavani
yatayat saeekil riksha, aauto riksha, taiksi, lokal rel, bas
kya dekhean dvarikadhish mandir, baanke bihari mandir, rangaji mandir, madan mohan mandir adi.
kahaan thaharean hotal, dharmashala, atithi grah
es.ti.di. kod 0565
e.ti.em lagabhag sabhi
savadhani atankavadi gatividhiyoan se savadhan, lavaris vastuoan ko na chhuean, shit rritu mean kohare se aur grishm rritu mean loo se bachav karean.
sanbandhit lekh mathura, braj, shrikrishn
adyatan‎ 6:00, 11 julaee, 2011 (IST)

bhagavan shri krishn ki janmabhoomi ka na keval rashdriy star par mahattv hai balki vaishvik star par janapad mathura bhagavan shrikrishn ke janmasthan se hi jana jata hai. aj vartaman mean mahamana pandit madanamohan malaviy ji ki prerana se yah ek bhavy akarshan mandir ke roop mean sthapit hai. paryatan ki drishti se videshoan se bhi bhagavan shrikrishn ke darshan ke lie yahaan pratidin ate haian. bhagavan shrikrishn ko vishv mean bahut b di sankhya mean nagarik aradhy ke roop mean manate hue darshanarth ate haian.

bhagavan keshavadev ka mandir

bhagavan shrikrishn ne apani ihalaukik lila sanvaran ki. udhar yudhishthir maharaj ne parikshit ko hastinapur ka rajy sauanpakar shrikrishn ke prapautr vajranabh ko mathura mandal ke rajy sianhasan par pratishthit kiya. charoan bhaiyoan sahit yudhishthir svayan mahaprasthan kar gaye. maharaj vajranabh ne maharaj parikshit aur maharshi shaandily ke sahayog se mathura mandal ki pun: sthapana karake usaki saanskritik chhavi ka punaroodvar kiya. vajranabh dvara jahaan anek mandiroan ka nirman karaya gaya, vahian bhagavan shrikrishnachandr ki janmasthali ka bhi mahattv sthapit kiya. yah kans ka karagar tha, jahaan vasudev ne bhadrapad krishn ashtami ki adhi rat avatar grahan kiya tha. aj yah katara keshavadev nam se prasiddh hai. yah karagar keshavadev ke mandir ke roop mean parinat hua. isi ke asapas mathura puri sushobhit huee. yahaan kalakram mean anekanek gaganachumbi bhavy mandiroan ka nirman hua. inamean se kuchh to samay ke sath nasht ho gaye aur kuchh ko vidharmiyoan ne nasht kar diya.

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura

pratham mandir

eesavi sanh se poorvavarti 80-57 ke mahakshatrap saudas ke samay ke ek shila lekh se jnat hota hai ki kisi vasu namak vyakti ne shrikrishn janmasthan par ek mandir toran dvar aur vedika ka nirman karaya tha. yah shilalekh brahmi lipi mean hai.

dvitiy mandir

doosara mandir vikramadity ke kal mean sanh 800 ee॰ ke lagabhag banavaya gaya tha. sanskriti aur kala ki drishti se us samay mathura nagari b de utkarsh par thi. hindoo dharm ke sath bauddh aur jain dharm bhi unnati par the. shrikrishn janmasthan ke sanmip hi jainiyoan aur bauddhoan ke vihar aur mandir bane the. yah mandir sanh 1017-18 ee॰ mean mahamood gazanavi ke kop ka bhajan bana. is bhavy saanskritik nagari ki suraksha ki koee uchit vyavastha n hone se mahamood ne ise khoob loota. bhagavan keshavadev ka mandir bhi to d dala gaya.

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Shri Krishna's Janm Bhumi, Mathura

tritiy mandir

sanskrit ke ek shila lekh se jnat hota hai ki maharaja vijayapal dev jab mathura ke shasak the, tab sanh 1150 ee॰ mean jajj namak kisi vyakti ne shrikrishn janmasthan par ek naya mandir banavaya tha. yah vishal evan bhavy bataya jata haian. ise bhi 16 vian shatabdi ke arambh mean sikandar lodi ke shasan kal mean nasht kar dala gaya tha.

chaturth mandir

jahaangir ke shasan kal mean shrikrishn janmasthan par pun: ek naya vishal mandir nirman karaya orachha ke shasak raja virasianh joo dev bundela ne isaki ooanchaee 250 phit rakhi gee thi. yah agara se dikhaee deta bataya jata hai. us samay is nirman ki lagat 33 lakh rupaye aee thi. is mandir ke charoan or ek ooanchi divar ka parakota banavaya gaya tha, jisake avashesh ab tak vidyaman haian. dakshin pashchim ke ek kone mean kua bhi banavaya gaya tha is ka pani 60 phit ooancha uthakar mandir ke pragan mean favvare chalane ke kam ata tha. yah kuaan aur usaka burj aj tak vidyaman hai. sanh 1669 ee॰ mean pun: yah mandir nasht kar diya gaya aur isaki bhavan samagri se eedagah banava di gee jo aj vidyaman hai. janmasthan ki aitihasik jhaanki pichhale prishthoan mean di ja chuki hai. yahaan vartaman mandir ke nirman ka itihas dena avashyak hai.

janmasthan ka punarudvar

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Krishna's Janm Bhumi, Mathura

san 1940 ke asapas ki bat hai ki mahamana pandit madanamohan ji ka bhakti-vibhor hriday upekshit shrikrishn janmasthan ke khandaharoan ko dekhakar dravit ho utha. unhoanne isake punaroodvar ka sankalp liya. usi samay sanh 1943 ke lagabhag hi svargiy shri jugalakishor ji bi dala mathura padhare aur shrikrishn janm sthan ki aitihasik vandaniy bhoomi ke darshanarth gaye. vahaan pahuanchakar unhoanne jo drishy dekha usase unaka hriday utyant du:khit hua. mahamana pandit madanamohan ji malaviy ne idhar shri jugalakishor ji bi dala ko shrikrishn-janmasthan ki durdasha ke sambandh mean patr likha aur udhar shribi dala ji ne unako apane hriday ki vyatha likh bheji. usi ke phalasvaroop shrikrishn janmasthan ke punaroodvar ke manorath ka uday hua. isake phalasvaroop dharmapran shri jugal kishor ji bi dala ne 07 faravari 1944 ko katara keshav dev ko raja patanimal ke tatkalin uttaradhikariyoan se khadid liya, parantu malaviy ji ne punaruddhar ki yojana banaee thi vah unake jivanakal mean poori n ho saki. unaki antim ichchha ke anusar shri bi dala ji ne 21 faravari 1951 ko shrikrishn janmabhoomi trasht ke nam se ek trasht sthapit kiya.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

janmabhoomi trast ki sthapana 1951 mean huee thi parantu us samay musalamanoan ki or se 1945 mean kiya hua ek muqadama ilahabad haeekort mean nirnayadhin tha isalie trast dvara janmasthan par koee kary 7 janavari 1953 se pahale-jab mukdaqama kharij ho gaya-n kiya ja saka.

upekshit avastha mean p de rahane ke karan usaki dasha atyant dayaniy thi. katara ke poorab ki or ka bhag sanh 1885 ke lagabhag to dakar brindavan relave lain nikali ja chuki thi. baqi tin or ke parakota ki divarean aur usase lagi huee kothariyaan jagah-jagah gir gayi thian aur unaka malaba sab or phaila p da tha. krishn chabootara ka khandahar bhi vidhvans kiye hue mandir ki mahanata ke dyotak ke roop mean kh da tha. chabootara poorab-pashchim lambaee mean 170 phit aur uttar-dakkhin chau daee mean 66 phit hai. isake tinoan or 16-16 phit chau da pushta tha jise sikandar lodi se pahale kursi ki sidh mean raja virasianh dev ne badhakar parikrama path ka kam dene ke liye banavaya tha. yah pushta bhi khandahar ho chuka tha. isase qarib das phit nichi gupt kalin mandir ki kursi hai jisake kinaroan par pani se aankit patthar lage hue haian.

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

uttar ki or ek bahut b da gadhda tha jo pokhar ke roop mean tha. samast bhoomi ka durupayog hota tha, masjid ke as-pas ghosiyoan ki basavat thi jo ki arambh se hi virodh karate rahe haian. adalat divani, faujadari, mal, kastodiyan v haeekort sabhi nyayalayoan mean evan nagarapalika mean unake chalayean hue muqadamoan mean apane sattv evan adhikaroan ki pushti v raksha ke lie bahut kuchh vyay v parishram karana p da. sabhi muqadamoan ke nirnay janmabhoomi-trast ke paksh mean hue.

radha-krishn, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Radha - Krishna, Krishna's Birth Place, Mathura

mathura ke prasiddh vedapathi brahmanoan dvara havan-poojan ke pashchath shri svami akhandanand ji maharaj ne sarvapratham shramadan ka shriganesh kiya aur bhoomi ki svachchhata ka punit kary arambh hua. do varsh tak nagar ke kuchh sthaniy yuvakoan ne atyant prem aur utsah se shramadan dvara uttar or ke ooanche-ooanche tiloan ko khodakar b de gadde ko bhar diya aur bahut si bhoomi samatal kar di. kuchh vidyalayoan ke chhatro ne bhi sahayog diya. inhian dinoan uttar or ki prachir ki tooti huee divar bhi shri dalamiyaan ji ke das hazar rupaye ke sahayog se banava di gayi.

bhoomi ke kuchh bhag ke svachchh aur samatal ho jane par bhagavan krishn ke darshan evan poojan-archan ke lie ek sundar mandir ka nirman dalamiya-jain trast ke dan se seth shriramakrishn ji dalamiya ki svargiya poojya mataji ki punyasmriti mean kiya gaya.

mandir mean bhagavan ke bal-vigrah ki sthapana, jisako shri jugal kishor bi dala ji ne bheant kiya tha, ashadh shukla dvitiy samvath 2014 dinaank 29 joon sanh 1957 ko huee, aur isaka udh-ghatan bhadrapad krishn 8 samvath 2015 dinaank 6 sitanbar sanh 1958 ko 'kalyan' (gita pres) ke yashasvi sampadak santapravar shrihanuman prasad poddar ke kar-kamaloan dvara hua. yah mandir shrikeshav dev mandir ke nam se prakhyat hai.

shrikrishn-chabootare ka jirnoddhar

katara keshavadev-sthit shrikrishn-chabootara hi bhagavan shrikrishn ki divy prakty-sthali kaha jata hai. mathura-myoojiyam ke kyooretar da॰ vasudevasharan ji agraval ne apane lekh mean aitihasik tathy dekar is abhimat ko siddh kiya hai. isase siddh hota hai ki mathura ke raja kans ke jis karagar mean vasudev-devakinandan shrikrishn ne janm-grahan kiya tha, vah karagar aj 'katara keshavadev' ke nam se hi vikhyat hai aur 'is katara keshavadev ke madhy mean sthit chabootare ke sthan par hi kans ka vah bandigrih tha, jahaan apani bahan devaki aur apane bahanoee vasudev ko kans ne kaid kar rakha tha.' shrimadbhagavat mean is sthal par shrikrishn-janm ke samay ka varnan is prakar hai-

krishn janmashtami ke avasar par shraddhaluoan ki bhi d, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura

pitro: sampashyato sadyo babhoov prakrit: shishu:॥

tatashch shaurirbhagavatprachodit: sutan samaday s sootakagrihath.

yada bahirgantumiyesh tarhy ja ya yogamayajani nand jayaya॥

taya hritapratyayasarvavrittishu dva:stheshu paureshvapi shayiteshvath.

dvarastu sarva: pihita duratyaya brihatkapatayasakilashrriankhalai: ॥

ta: krishnavahe vasudev agate svayan vyavaryant yatha tamo rave:

(10.3.46-49)

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

arthath 'pita-mata' ke dekhate-dekhate unhoanne turant ek sadharan shishu ka roop dharan kar liya. tab vasudev ji ne bhagavan ki prerana se apane putr ko lekar sootika-grih se bahar nikalane ki ichchha ki. usi samay nand-patni yashoda ke garbh se us yogamaya ka janm hua, jo bhagavan ki shakti hone ke karan unake saman hi janmarahit hai. usi yogamaya ne dvarapal aur puravasiyoan ki samast indriyavrittiyoan ki chetana har li. ve sabake sab achet hokar so gaye. bandigrih ke sabhi daravaze band the. unamean b de-b de kiva d, lohe ki janjirean aur tole j de huye the. unake bahar jana bahut kathin tha; parantu vasudev ji bhagavan shrikrishn ko god mean lekar jyoan-hi unake nikat pahuanche, tyoan-hi ve sabhi daravaze apase-ap khul gaye. thik vaise hi, jaise sooryoday hote hi andhakar door ho jata hai.

shrivajranabh ne apane prapitamah ki isi janmasthali par unaka pratham smriti-mandir banavaya tha aur isi sthal par usake pashchath ke mandiroan ke garbh-grih (jahaan bhagavanh ka archavigrah virajaman kiya jata hai, usakoan 'garbh-grih kahate haian.) bhi nirmit hote rahe. puratan kala-kritiyoan mean mukhy mandir ki padapithika (plianth) ashthaprahari (athapahaloo) hua karati thi, jise ooanchi kursi dekar banaya jata tha. isiliye anek mandiroan ke dhvansavashesh aur nirman ke karan yah sthan 'shrikrishn-chatvar' (chabootara) nam le prakhyat hua. is sthan par hi shri orachha-naresh dvara nirmit mandir ka garbh-grih raha, jo aurangazeb dvara dhvast mandir ke malave mean dab gaya. us mandir ke poorv dishavale vishal jagamohan (darshak-grih) ke sthan par to auanragajeb ne ek eedagah kh di kar di aur pashchim mean garbh-grih arthath sampoorn shrikrishn-chabootara bacha raha.

shri keshavadev ji ka prachin vigrah braj ke any vigrahoan ki bhaanti aj bhi surakshit aur poojit hai. auanragajeb ke shasanakal mean musalamani faujean mandiroan ko dhvast karane ke lie jab kooanch kiya karati thian, tab gupt roop se hinduoan ko yah soochana mil jati thi ki mandir to dane ke lie sena a rahi hai. yah soochana milate hi nishthavan bhaktajan mandir-sthit vigrahoan ko hindoo rajy evan rajava do mean le jate the. isi karan shri govindadev ji ka shri vigrah jayapur mean, shri nath ji ka shri vigrah nathadvara (udayapur) mean evan ri madanamohan ji ka shri vigrah karauli mean aj bhi virajaman hai. shrikrishn-chabootare par orachha naresh vale shri vigrah ke sambandh mean svargiy baba krishnadas dvara prakashit 'brajamandal-darshan' mean ullekh hai ki— 'jahaangir badashah ke samay 1610 sal mean orachha ke raja virasianhadev ne 33 lakh rupaya lagakar adikeshav ka mandir banavaya tha, jo ki 1669 sal mean auanragajeb ke dvara dhvast hokar masajid ke roop mean ban gaya.'

jis mandir mean adikeshav virajaman haian, vah mandir 1850 ee॰ mean gvaliyar ke kamadar ke dvara nirmit hua hai. prachin vigrah adyapi rajadhan gram (zila kanapur mean auraiya, itava se 17 mil) par sthit hai. vahian pas mean 2 mil par budhauli gram mean shri haridev ji virajate haian.

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

prachin keshav-mandir ke sthan ko 'keshav katara' kahate haian. eedagah ke tin or ki vishal divarean dhvast mandir ke pashan-khandoan se bani huee haian, jo dhvans kiye gaye prachin mandir ki vishalata ka mook sandesh de rahi haian. upekshit rahane ke karan tin shatabdiyoan se bhi adhik samay tak yah sthan mitti-malave ke tiloan mean dab gaya. usi malave ke niche se, jahaan bhagavan ka archa-vigrah virajaman kiya jata tha, vah garbh-grih prapt hua.

uttarottar shrikrishn-chabootare ka vikas hota chala a raha hai. shri keshavadev-mandir ke uparant shrikrishn-chabootare ke jirnoddhar ka kary suprasiddh iandiyan eksaprais samachar-patr-samooh-sanchalak shri ramanath ji goyanaka ke udar dan se unaki dharmapatni svargiy shrimati mooangibaee goyanaka ki smriti mean sanvat 2019 mean kiya gaya. garbh-grih ki chhat ke oopar sangamaramar ki ek chhatri aur ek baramada banavaya gaya. garbh-grih ki chhat ke pharsh par bhi sampoorn sangamaramar j davaya gaya.

b de chamatkar ki bat hai ki chabootare ke oopar baramade ki divar mean lagi sangamaramar ki shilaoan par shrikrishn ki vibhinn mudraoan mean akritiyaan ubhar ayi haian, jinhean dekhakar darshakagan vibhor ho jate haian. sharad poornima ki poorn chandr-nisha mean is chabootare ka doodh-jaisa dhaval-saundary dekhate hi banata hai.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

prachin garbh-grah ki prapti

jis samay chabootare par nirmit baramade ki nianv ki khudaee ho rahi thi, us samay shramikoan ko hathau de se chot marane par niche kuchh poli jagah dikhaee di. use jab to da gaya to sidhiyaan aur niche kafi b da kamara-sa mila, jo orachha-naresh-nirmit mandir ka garbh-grih tha. usamean jis sthan par moorti virajati thi, vah lal patthar ka sianhasan jyoan-ka-tyoan mila. use yathavath rakha gaya hai tatha garbh-grih ki jarjarit divaroan ki keval marammat kar di gayi haian. oopar chabootare par se niche garbh-grih mean darshanarthiyoan ke ane ke liye sidhiyaan bana di gayi haian. garbh-grih ke sianhasan ke oopar darshakoan ke liye vasudev-devaki sahit shrikrishn-janm ki jhaankiyaan chitrit ki gayi haian.

niche lal patthar ke purane sianhasan par jahaan pahale koee pratima rahi hogi, shrikrishn ki ek pratima bhaktoan ne virajaman kar di hai. poorv ki divar mean ek daravaze ka chihn tha, jo eedagah ke niche ko jata tha. age kafi aandhera tha. usake mukh ko patthar se band karava diya gaya. kaksh ke pharsh par bhi patthar lage hue haian. uttar ki or sidhiyaan haian yah sthan ati prachin hai. vedi par bhaktajan shraddha poorvak matha tekakar dhany hote haian. dakshin ki or bahar nikalane ke liye ek daravaza nikal diya gaya.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

chabootare ke tinoan or jo pushta ke khandahar the, b di kathinaiyoan se to de gaye. unako to dakar niche ki kursi svachchh bana di gayi aur us par mabaral chips pharsh bana diya gaya hai. is kursi se do phit nichaee par dhaloo aur ooanchi-nichi donoan or ki jo bhoomi thi, usako samatal karake usamean batika laga di gayi. is bhoomi ki khudair mean anek avashesh nikale haian, jo vidhvans kiye hue mandiroan ke haian aur puratattv ki drishti se b de mahattv ke haian. in sabako suraksha ki drishti se mathura rajakiy sangrahalay ko de diya gaya hai.

bhagavat-bhavan

san 1965 mean shilanyas hone ke uparant-bhavan ki nianv ki khudaee ka kary prarambh ho gaya tha. arambh mean varanasi ke shriramacharitamanas-mandir ke anusar bhagavat-bhavan-nirman ki yojana bhi 14-15 lakh rupayoan ki thi, lekin bad mean purana mandir jo agara se bhi dikhalaee p data tha, usaki ooanchaee ke anusar shikhar ki ooanchaee 250 phit rakhi gayi, jisake lie sab milakar 24-25 lakh rupaye ke kharch ka anuman lagaya gaya. anek karanoan se, jinamean yojana ki vishalata evan bich-bich mean ane vali kathinaiyaan shamil haian, 1981 ka varsh bitate-bitate shrikrishn-janmasthan par akele dalamiya-parivar evan unase sambandhit trastoan, vyaparik sansthanoan tatha anyay premiyoan ki seva rashi bhagavat-bhavan aur janmasthan ke any vikas-karyoan par sab milakar ek karo d rupayoan se oopar pahuanch gayi. shrikrishn–janmasthan ke vikas ke liye udaramana mahanubhavoan ki ek hazar rupaye ya isase adhik ki seva-rashiyoan ka vivaran bhi bhagavat-bhavan ke vivaran ke ant mean janmabhoomi smarika mean diya gaya.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

jaisa ki oopar ullekh kiya ja chuka hai, is bhavan ki nianv varanasi ke ramacharitamanas-mandir ke anusar ban chuki thi. jab nianv ke oopar divaroan ka bhoomi ki satah se 7-8 phit ooanchaee tak nirman ho gaya, us samay 250 phut ooanchaee tak shikhar le jane ka nirnay hua. ooanche shikhar ke nirnay ke sath bhagavat-bhavan ki jo kursi 7-8 phit ooanchi rakhani thi, usako 30-35 phit ooanche le jane ka nirman chalata raha. us samay kisi ko bhi yah khayal nahian aya ki isake oopar banane bale 250 phut ooanche shikhar ka bhar vahan karane yogy nianv hai ya nahian. lagabhag 30 phit ki ooanchaee tak nirman ka kary pahuanchane par vishal divaroan mean jab kuchh dararean p dane lagian, us samay nirmanakarttaoan ko chinta huee. tab tak nirman-kary 36 phit se bhi oopar pahuanch chuka tha. nivan ki is kamachori or sabase pahale sivil ijiniyar ne dhyan akarshit karavaya, jo chandigadh mean praiktis karate the tatha jinhoanne karaanchi evan savaee madhopur ke dalamiya ji ke simeant karakhanoan ka nirman karavaya tha. tatpashchath is sandeh ki pushti u disa simeant ke shri pi0si0 chatarji ne bhi ki. usake bad roo daki ianjiniyariang yoonivarsiti ke shri shamasheraprakash evan shri gopalaranjan dvara isaki jaanch karavayi gayi, jisaki riport unhoanne faravari, 1974 mean di. isakean bad is par joon-julaee, sanh 1974 mean madras ke prasiddh shri ji0es0 ramasvami se jab salah li gayi, tab yahi nirnay hua ki nianv ke oopar vazan ghatana chahiye aur usake lie shikhar ko halka banaya gaya evan ooanchaee bhi ghatakar lagabhag 130 phit kar di gayi. tab se dijainiang ka sara kam shri pi0si0 chatarji ko sauanpa gaya, jinhoanne b di lagan ke sath kam kiya aur ve nakshe itane saf aur vivaran ke sath bhejate the ki kam karane vale ko saralata rahe. is prakar ke spasht nakshe koee bhi arkitaikt athava sivil ianjiniyar nahian dete. avashyakatanusar ve kee bar mathura akar bhi kam ki pragati dekhate rahe. janmasthan ki seva mean unhoanne mandir nirman ki evan bhagavan ke prati apani shraddha ke karan hi itana parishram kiya. inaki dharmapatni bahut bimar ho gayi, tab bhi bina vishram ke ye kam karate rahe.

nirman ke samay ayi in sab rukavatoan ke karan 2-3 varsh nirman sthagit raha. bich-bich mean simeant ke abhav se bhi kam rukata raha. is prakar bhagavat-bhavan ke nirman mean shilanyas se lekar moorti-pratishtha tak lagabhag 17 varsh lag gaye.

shrimadbhagavat ka tamrapatnikaran

dugdhabhishek,krishn janmabhoomi, mathura

poorv yojana thi ki bhagavat-bhavan ki divaroan par shrimadbhagavat ke sampoorn shloko ko sangamaramar ki shilaoan par utkirn karavakar j davaya jay. isake lie mandir ke samane ke jagamohan ko paryapt b da banavaya gaya, parantu prakash ke lie khi dakiyaan adi chho dane ke karan jagah kam p dane lagi at: yah nirnay hua ki shrimadbhagavat ke sampoorn shlokoan ko tamr-patroan par utkirn karavakar lagavaya jay, jisase ki unaki ayu adhik rahe. kadachit kisi bhi karan se vidhvas ho to makarane ke patthar ke lekhoan se tamr patr ke lekh kahian adhik tikaoo hogean aur kagazoan ke granth bhi nasht ho jayean to bhi tamr patr par likhe granth se shrimadbhagavat granth ka punaruddhar saralata se ho sakata hai. tajamahal ke sangamaramar mean bhi dane (greans) ubharane lage haian-aisa visheshajnoan ka mat hai mathura mean bani riphainari ki gais se tajamahal ki kalakriti ke nasht hone ki sambhavana par bhi samachar-patroan mean anek logoan ne sarakar ka dhyan akarshit kiya tha. tamrapatr par mausam ka keval itana hi prabhav p data hai ki oopar parat maili ho jati hai, jo samay-samay par chamakayi ja sakati hai. atev tamrapatroan par shrimadbhagavat ka mool-path adhik kal tak surakshit rah pane ke karan shrimadbhagavat ko tamrapatroan par utkirn karavakar bhagavat bhavan mean lagavaya gaya. kalantar mean bhookamp ityadi athava jirn-shirnata ki avastha mean imarat ke dhah jane se malabe mean dabe rahane par bhi in tamrapatroan par utkirn shrimadbhagavat ka mool-path hazaroan varshoan tak surakshit rah payega, jabaki makarane ke sangamaramar par shrimadbhagavat ko khudavane se aisa sambhav nahian tha. shrimadbhagavat ka tamrapatroan par utkhanan kary shri vyas nandan sharma ki dekharekh mean gaandhinagar, dilli sthiti radha pres mean hua. shrimadbhagavat ke kul chh:sau paitis tamrapatr bane haian, jo bhagavat bhavan ke mukhy mandir ka parikrama ki divaroan par lagavaye gaye haian.

bhagavat-bhavan evan unake mukhy mandir

krishn janmabhoomi, mathura

bhagavat-bhavan ki kursi ko ooancha rakhane ke karan niche ke sthan mean vishal kaksh (hal) nikal diye gaye haian. is ooanchaee ko do majiloan mean baant diya gaya hai. jinamean se pashchim ke niche ke talle ka upayog balagopal shiksha-sadan namak ek shishu-vidyalay ke sanchalanarth kiya ja raha hai. oopar ki manzil mean pashchim ki or shrikrishn-shodhapith-pustakalay sthapit kiya gaya haian, dakshin ki or darshakoan ke lie shrikrishn ki evan shriram ki lilaoan se sambandhit yantr-chalit jhakiyaan sthapit ki gayi hai. mukhy bhagavat bhavan tak pahuanchane ke liye pashchimi disha mean 100 phit lambi vishal sidhiyaan banavayi gayi haian, jasase bhi d ke samay yatriyoan ke chadhane evan utarane ke lie asuvidha n ho. ashakt, ativriddh evan vishishha darshak ganoan ko mukhy mandir ke dharatal tak le jane ke liye bhagavat-bhavan ke pichhe ki or uttar disha mean e lipht lag chuki hai, jo yatriyoan ko parikrama ki chhat tak le jayegi. vahaan se lagabhag 10 phit ooanchaee tak sidhi se chadhakar jane par sabha-mandap ki chhat par pahuancha ja sakata hai. shikhar mean oopar jane ko sidhiyaan bani haian. shikhar ke madhy mean bahar charoan or char chhajje haian. sabase oopar ki ooanchaee par uttar taraph chhajja hai. in chhajjoan se samast mathura nagari eanv sudoor gokul, vrindavan adi brajasth tirthoan ka manoram prakritik drishy dikhayi p data hai. bhagavat-bhavan ke mukhy sabha-mandap ke chhat ki ooanchaee lagabhag 60 phit hai. sabha-mandap ke uttar ki or madhy mean mukhy mandir haian, jisamean shriradha-krishn ke 6 phit sangamaramar ke vishal vigrah sthapit kiye gaye haian aur us mandir ke dvar ke thik samane vali divar par ek nirdisht sthan par hath jo di mudra mean pavanaputr shri hanuman ji ka shrivigrah sthapit kiya gaya hai. mukhy mandir ke pashchim ki or sthit chhate mandir mean shri jagannathapuri se laye gaye shrijagannath ji, shribalabhadr ji evan shrisubhadraji ke vigrah sthapit haian. sabhamandap ke madhy bhag mean do chhote mandir poorvi aur disha ki or vale mandir mean shiv-parivar ki moortiyaan evan paradaliang virajaman kiye gaye haian. shriradhakrishn ke mandir ke samane dakshin sire ke pas shri malaviy ji maharaj ki unake dahini or shrijugalakishor ji virala ki evan baanyi or shri hanumanaprasad ji poddar ki hath jo de moortiyaan haian, jinako bhagavan shri radha-krishn-vigrah ke darshan bina badha ke hote raheange. sabha-mandap ke poorv, pashchim aur dakshin mean tin vishal dvar hai. in dvaroan ke oopar ki sajavat bharatiy shilp-shaili ke adhar par ki gayi hai. sabha-mandap ke stambhoan ke charoan or shriradhakrishn ke sakhaoan, sakhiyoan evan sant-mahatmaoan ke chitr sangamaramar par utkirn kiye ja rahe haian. sabha mandap ke bahar ki chhat par se bhi mathura-nagari ki vihangam drishy b da suhavana lagata hai. sabha-mandap ki divaroan par khi dakiyoan ke bich ki jagah mean bhi chitrakari hoti. sabha mandap ki chhat par vrindavan ke suprasiddh chitrakar shri dampatti kishor ji gosvami se sundar chitrakari karavayi gayi hai.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

bhagavat-bhavan ke attugdan shikhar vaise to yatri ko door se hi akarshit karate haian, parantu ve jaise hi sidhiyoan se chadhakar mukhy sabha mandap ke niche vale pletapharm par pahuanchate haian to vahaan se bhagavat bhavan ka bahari drishy unhean aur bhi akarshit karane lagata hai. sabhi dvaroan, gavakshoan, chhajjoan, dvar shakhaoan ev shikharasth sajavat ka bharatiy sanskriti evan prachin saanskritik shilp-shaili se shilpakaroan ne aisa sajaya he ki ve ati manoram lagati hai. mukhy mandir ka shikhar janmabhoomi ki satah se lagabhag 130 phit ooancha hai aur chhote mandiroan ka shikhar lagabhag 84 phit ooanche janmabhoomi ki satah s dak se lagabhag 20 phit ooanchi hai. at: in sabaki ooanchaee se s dak ki satah gini jay to lagabhag 20 phit aur badh jati hai. mukhy mandir ke shikhar par chakr sahit chhah phit ooanche aur mandiroan par lagabhag dhaee phit ooanche svarn mandit kalash hai.

vigrah-pratishtha
potara kund, mathura
Potra Kund, Mathura

jis bhagavat-bhavan ko adhar-shila nityalila lin bhaee ji shri hanumanaprasadaji poddar ke kar kamaloan dvara huee thi, usaka vigrah-pratishtha-mahotsav phalgun krishn chaturthi, vi0s0 2038 shukravar, dinaank 12 faravari, 1982 ko sampann hua. pran-pratishtha mahotsav mean achary the varanasi ke pandit shri ramajilal ji shastri evan unake any sahayogigan. pandit shriramajilal shastri ke acharyatattv mean hi is bhagavat-bhavan ka shilanyas nityalila jin poojy bhaee jo shrihanuman prasad ji poddar dvara sampann kiya gaya tha.

holi, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura
Holi, Krishna Janm Bhumi, Mathura

paanchoan mandiroan ke jo vigrah haian, unamean se mukhy mandir ke shriradha-krishnaji ke vigrah shriram, lakshman, sita aur hanuman ji shrivigrah evan shridurgaji ka shrivigrah jayapur mean pandey moorti myoojiyam se malik shri jagadishanarayan ji pandey ke dvara nirmit hue shri jagannathaji ke shrivigrah ri jagannathapuri se vahaan ke pandit pravar shri sadashivarath sharma ne shastriy vidhi se nirmit karavakar bheje. parad ke shankar shri paradeshvaraji ke liang ka nirman bambee ke shri bhaoo saheb kulakarni se karavaya gaya. ve vartaman mean bharat ke ekamatr parad-liang-nirmata batalaye jate haian. shri malaviyaji, shri biralaji evan poddaraji ki moortiyoan ka nirman rajasthan moortakila ke shrirameshvaralalaji pandey dvara hua hai.

pratishtha-mahotsav budhavar, 3 faravari 1982 ko ganesh-poojan aur nandimukh-shraddh dvara hua. magh shookl 13 shanivar, 6 faravari 82 se lekar magh krishn tritiy brihaspativar 11 faravari 1982 tak pandit shri ramajilalaji shastri ke acharyatv mean pratishthit kiye jane vale sabhi vigrahoan ka adhivas kary hua phalgun krishn chaturthi, shukravar, 12 faravari 1982 ko prat: 1030 baje ke uparant vigrahoan ki pran-pratishtha huee.

is prakar anekanek shatabdiyaan biti aur raj tatha taj yatha itihas badalate rahe, rritu chakroan ka silasila chalata-badalata raha kintu bhagavan keshavadev ki manyata aur bhakti garima mean koee thes nahian pahuanch saki. aj yah sthal antarrashtriy mahattv ka darshaniy aur ramaniy saanskritik tirth hai. samay ki khoobi hai ki katara keshavadev ki tin or ab sundar-sundar kaloniyaan-jagannathapuri, mahavidya k aauloni, govind nagar bas chuki hai. s dakean haian, bazar hai aur antarrashtriy atithi grah ka nirman bhi ho chuka hai. prati varsh lakhoan darshanarthi yahaan ate haian. janmabhoomi ka apana vishal pustakalay hai, apana prakashan vibhag hai. isaki apani ek prabandh samiti hai. janmashtami par yahaan vishesh karyakram hote haian. door-darshan aur akashavani se inaka sidha prasaran hota hai.



vithika

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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