रसखान

rasakhan
Raskhan-1.jpg
poora nam saiyyad ibrahim (rasakhan)
janm sanh 1533 se 1558 bich (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi pihani, haradoee zila, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi mahavan (mathura)
karm-kshetr krishn bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaean 'sujan rasakhan' aur 'premavatika'
vishay sagun krishnabhakti
bhasha sadharan braj bhasha
vishesh yogadan prakriti varnan, krishnabhakti
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bharatendu harishchandr ne jin muslim haribhaktoan ke liye kaha tha, "in musalaman harijanan par kotin hindoo varie" unamean "rasakhan" ka nam sarvopari hai.

saiyyad ibrahim 'rasakhan' ka hindi sahity mean krishn bhakt tatha ritikalin kaviyoan mean mahattvapoorn sthan hai. rasakhan ko 'ras ki khan (qan)' kaha jata hai. inake kavy mean bhakti, shrriangar ras donoan pradhanata se milate haian. rasakhan krishn bhakt haian aur prabhu ke sagun aur nirgun nirakar roop ke prati shraddhalu haian. rasakhan ke sagun krishn lilaean karate haian. yatha- balalila, rasalila, phagalila, kuanjalila adi. unhoanne apane kavy ki simit paridhi mean in asimit lilaoan ka bahut sookshm varnan kiya hai. bharatendu harishchandr ne jin muslim haribhaktoan ke liye kaha tha, "in musalaman harijanan par kotin hindoo varie" unamean "rasakhan" ka nam sarvopari hai. saiyyad ibrahim "rasakhan" ka janm upalabdh srotoan ke anusar sanh 1533 se 1558 ke bich kabhi hua hoga. akabar ka rajyakal 1556-1605 hai, ye lagabhag akabar ke samakalin haian. janmasthan 'pihani' kuchh logoan ke matanusar dilli ke samip hai. kuchh aur logoan ke matanusar yah 'pihani' uttar pradesh ke haradoee zile mean hai. mrityu ke bare mean koee pramanik tathy nahian milate haian. rasakhan ne bhagavat ka anuvad farasi mean bhi kiya.

jivan parichay

rasakhan ke janm ke sanbandh mean vidvanoan mean matabhed paya jata hai. anek vidvanoan ne inaka janm sanvath 1615 ee. mana hai aur kuchh vidvanoan ne 1630 ee. mana hai. rasakhan svayan batate haian ki gadar ke karan dilli shmashan ban chuki thi, tab use chho dakar ve braj chale gaye. aitihasik sakshy ke adhar par pata chalata hai ki uparyukt gadar sanh 1613 ee. mean hua tha. unaki bat se aisa pratik hota hai ki vah gadar ke samay vayask the aur unaka janm gadar ke pahale hi hua hoga. rasakhan ka janm sanvath 1590 ee. manana adhik samichin pratit hota hai. bhavani shankar yajnik ne bhi yahi mana hai. anek tathyoan ke adhar par unhoanne apane is mat ki pushti bhi ki hai. aitihasik granthoan ke adhar par bhi yahi tathy samane ata hai. yah manana adhik prabhavashali pratit hota hai ki rasakhan ka janm 1590 ee. mean hua hoga.[1]

janm sthan

rasakhan ke janm sthan ke vishay mean anek vidvanoan ne anek mat prastut ki,haian. kee to rasakhan ke janm sthan pihani athava dilli ko batate haian, kiantu yah kaha jata hai ki dipali shabd ka prayog unake kavy mean keval ek bar hi milata hai. jaisa ki pahale likha gaya ki rasakhan ne gadar ke karan dilli ko shmashan bataya hai. usake bad ki ziandagi usaki mathura mean gujari. shivasianh saroj tatha hiandi sahity ke pratham itihas tatha aitihasik tathyoan evan any pusht pramanoan ke adhar par rasakhan ki janm-bhoomi pihani zila haradoee mana jae. haradoee janapad mukhyalay par nirmit ek prekshagrah ka nam ‘rasakhan prekshagrah’ rakha gaya hai. pihani aur bilagram aisi jagah haian, jahaan hiandi ke b de-b de evan uttam koti ke musalaman kavi paida hue.[1]

nam evan upanam

rasakhan ke dohe mahavan, mathura

janm sthan tatha janm kal ki tarah rasakhan ke nam evan upanam ke sanbandh mean bhi anek mat prastut ki,g,haian. hajari prasad dvivedi ji ne apani pustak mean rasakhan ke do nam likhe haian:- saiyyad ibrahim aur sujan rasakhan. jabaki sujan rasakhan ki ek rachana ka nam hai. halaanki rasakhan ka asali nam saiyad ibrahim tha aur "khan' usaki upadhi thi. navalagadh ke rajakumar sangramasianh ji dvara prapt rasakhan ke chitr par nagari lipi ke sath- sath farasi lipi mean bhi ek sthan par "rasakhan' tatha doosare sthan par "rasakhaan' hi likha paya gaya hai. uparyukt sabootoan ke adhar par kaha ja sakata hai ki rasakhan ne apana nam "rasakhan' sirph isali,rakha tha ki vah kavita mean isaka prayog kar sake. farasi kaviyoan ki nam chasipt mean rakhane ki paranpara ka palan karate hu,rasakhan ne bhi apane nam khane ke pahale "ras' lagakar svayan ko ras se bhare khan ya rasile khan ki dharana ke sath kavy- rachana ki. unake jivan mean ras ki kami n thi. pahale laukik ras ka asvadan karate rahe, phir alaukik ras mean lin hokar kavy rachana karane lage. ek sthan par unake kavy mean "rasakhaan' shabd ka prayog bhi milata hai.

nain dalalani chauhatean m manik piy hath.
"rasakhaan' dhol bajaee ke bechiyoan hiy jiy sath..

uparyukt sakshyoan ke adhar par kaha ja sakata hai ki unaka nam saiyyad ibrahim tatha upanam "rasakhan' tha.[1]

balyakal tatha shiksha

rasakhan ek jagiradar pita ke putr the. isali,inaka lalan palan b de la d-pyar se hua mana jata hai. aisa isali,kaha jata hai ki unake kavy mean kisi vishesh prakar ki katuta ka sarasar abhav paya jata hai. ek sanpann parivar mean paida hone ke karan unaki shiksha achchhi aur uchch koti ki gee thi. unaki yah vidvatta unake kavy ki sadhikar abhivyakti mean jag zahir hote haian. rasakhan ko farasi, hiandi evan sanskriti ka achchha jnan tha. farasi mean unhoanne "shrimadbhagavat' ka anuvad karake yah sabit kar diya tha. isako dekh kar is bat ka abhas hota hai ki vah farasi aur hiandi bhashaoan ka achchha vakta hoange. rasakhan ne apana baly jivan apar sukh- suvidhaoan mean gujara hoga. unhean padhane ke li,kisi makatab mean jane ki avashyakata nahian p di hogi.[1]

vyaktitv

abraham jarj griyarsan ne likha hai saiyad ibrahim upanam rasakhan kavi, haradoee zile ke aantargat pihani ke rahane vale, janm kal 1573 ee.. yah pahale musalaman the. bad mean vaishnav hokar braj mean rahane lage the. inaka varnan 'bhaktamal' mean hai. inake ek shishy kadir bakhsh hue. saansarik prem ki sidhi se chadhakar rasakhan bhagavadiy prem ki sabase ooanchi manzil tak kaise pahuanche, is sanbandh ki do akhyayikaean prachalit haian. 'varta' mean likha hai ki rasakhani pahale ek baniye ke l dake par atyant asakt the. usaka jootha tak yah kha lete the. ek din char vaishnav baithe bat kar rahe the ki bhagavanh‌ shrinath ji se priti aisi jo dani chahie, jaise priti rasakhan ki us baniye ke l dake par hai. rasakhan ne raste mean jate hu,yah bat sun li. unhoanne poochha ki 'apake shrinath ji ka svaroop kaisa hai?' vaishnavoan ne shrinath ji ka ek suandar chitr unhean dikhaya. chitrapat mean bhagavanh‌ ki anupam chhavi dekhakar rasakhani ka man udhar se phir gaya. prem ki vihval dasha mean shrinath ji ka darshan karane yah gokul pahuanche. gosaee vitthaladas ji ne inake aantar ke paratpar prem ko pahachanakar inhean apani sharan mean le liya. rasakhani shrinath ji ke anany bhakt ho ge.[2]

kavitaean

rasakhan prekshagrah, haradoee

rasakhan ki kavitaoan ke do sangrah prakashit hu,haian- 'sujan rasakhan' aur 'premavatika'. 'sujan rasakhan' mean 139 savaiye aur kavitt hai. 'premavatika' mean 52 dohe haian, jinamean prem ka b da anootha niroopan kiya gaya hai. rasakhani ke saras savaiy sachamuch bejo d haian. savaiya ka doosara nam 'rasakhan' bhi p d gaya hai. shuddh brajabhasha mean rasakhani ne premabhakti ki atyant suandar prasadamayi rachanaean ki haian. yah ek uchch koti ke bhakt kavi the, isamean sandeh nahian.

manush hauan to vahi rasakhani basauan braj gokul gaanv ke gvalan.
jo pasu hauan to kaha basu mero charauan nit nand ki dhenu manjharan.
pahan hauan to vahi giri ko jo dharayau kar chhatr purandar dharan.
jo khag hauan basero karauan mil kalindi-kool-kadamb ki daran..

sahityik visheshataean

saiyyad ibrahim rasakhan ke kavy ke adhar bhagavan shrikrishn haian. rasakhan ne unaki hi lilaoan ka gan kiya hai. unake poore kavy- rachana mean bhagavan shrikrishn ki bhakti ki gee hai. isase bhi age badhate hu,rasakhan ne suphijm (tasavvuph) ko bhi bhagavan shrikrishn ke madhyam se hi prakat kiya hai. isase yah kaha ja sakata hai ki ve samajik evan apasi sauhard ke kitane himayati the.

holi varnan

krishn bhakt kaviyoan ki tarah rasakhan ne bhi krishn ji ki ullasamayi lilaoan ka vistarapoorvak varnan kiya hai. unhoanne apane padoan mean krishn ko gopiyoan ke sath holi khelate hu,dikhaya gaya hai, jinamean krishn gopiyoan ko kianbhago dete haian. gopiyaan phalgun ke sath krishn ke avagunoan ki charcha karate hue kahati haian ki krishn ne holi khel kar ham mean kam- vasana jagrit kar di haian. pichakari tatha ghamar se hamean kianbhago diya hai. is tarah hamara har bhi toot gaya hai. rasakhan apane pad mean krishn ko maryada hin chitrit kiya hai:-

avat lal gulal li,mag sune mili ik nar navini.
tyoan rasakhani jagai hiye yatoo moj kiyo man mahi adhini.
sari phati sukumari hati, aangiya daraki saraki rang bhini.
lal gulal lagai ke aank rijhai bida kari dini.

kala paksh

kavi ne kahian chamatkar lane ke li,alankaroan ko barabas thooansane ki cheshta nahian ki hai. bhav aur ras ke pravah par bhi usaki drishti kendrit rahi hai. bhavoan aur rasoan ki abhivyakti ko utkrisht banane ke li,hi alankaroan ki yojana ki gee hai. uchit sthan par alankaroan ka grahan kiya gaya hai. unhean door tak khianchane ka vyarth prayas nahian kiya gaya hai. auchity ke anusar thik sthan par unaka tyag kar diya gaya hai. rasakhan dvara prayukt alankar apane 'alankar' nam ko sarthak karate haian. shabdalankaroan mean anupras aur arthalankaroan mean upama, utpreksha evan roopak ki nibandhana mean kavi ne vishesh ruchi dikhaee hai. b di kushalata ke sath unaka sannivesh kiya hai, unhean is vidhan mean poorn saphalata mili hai. alankaroan ki sundar yojana se unaki kavita ka kala-paksh nissandeh nikhar aya hai.

bhav paksh

rasakhan ke kavy mean chh: sthayi bhavoan ki nibandhana milati hai- rati, nirved, utsah, has, vatsaly aur bhakti. yah bat dhyan dene yogy hai ki unhoanne paranparaprathita char sthayi bhavoan ko hi gaurav diya hai, jinamean anyatam bhav rati ka hai. krodh, jugupta, vismay, shok aur bhay ki upeksha ka mool karan yah pratit hota hai ki in bhavoan ka rati se mel nahian hai. rasakhan premi jiv the, atev unhoanne apani kavita mean tin prakar ke rati bhavoan ki rati, vatsaly aur bhakti ki vyanjana ki; jo bhav inamean vishesh sahayak ho sakate the unhean yathasthan abhivyakti kiya. doosara karan yah bhi hai ki unaki rachana muktak hai; atev prabandh kavy ki bhaanti usamean sabhi prakar ke bhavoan ka sannivesh avashyak bhi nahian hai.

ras sanyojan

rasakhan ne bhaktiras ke anek pad likhe haian, tathapi unake kavyoan mean bhaktiras ki pradhanata nahian hai. ve pramukh roop se shrriangar ke kavi haian. unaka shrriangar krishn ki lilaoan par ashrit hai. atev samany pathak ko yah bhraanti ho sakati hai ki unake adhikaansh pad bhakti ras ki abhivyakti karate haian. shastriy drishti se jin padoan ke dvara pathak ke man mean sthit eeshvar vishayak-ratibhav rasata nahian prapt karata, un padoan ko bhakti ras vyanjak manana tark sangat nahian hai. isamean sandeh nahian ki rasakhan bhakt the aur unhoanne apani rachanaoan mean bhajaniy krishn ka saras roop se niroopan kiya hai.

bhakti bhavana

hindi-sahity ka bhakti-yug (sanvath 1375 se 1700 vi0 tak) hindi ka svarn yug mana jata hai. is yug mean hindi ke anek mahakaviyoan– vidyapati, kabiradas, malik muhammad jayasi, sooradas, nandadas, tulasidas, keshavadas, rasakhan adi ne apani anoothi kavy-rachanaoan se sahity ke bhandar ko sampann kiya. is yug mean satrahavian shatabdi ka sthan bhakti-kavy ki drishti se mahattvapoorn hai. sooradas, mirabaee, tulasidas, rasakhan adi ki rachanaoan ne is shatabdi ke gaurav ko badha diya hai. bhakti ka jo aandolan dakshin se chala vah hindi-sahity ke bhaktikal tak sare bharat mean vyapt ho chuka tha. usaki vibhinn dharaean uttar bharat mean phail chuki thian. darshan, dharm tatha sahity ke sabhi kshetroan mean usaka gahara prabhav tha. ek or saanpradayik bhakti ka zor tha, anek tirthasthan, mandir, math aur akha de usake kendr the. doosari or aise bhi bhakt the jo kisi bhi tarah ki saanpradayik halachal se door rah kar bhakti mean lin rahana pasand karate the. rasakhan isi prakar ke bhakt the. ve svachchhand bhakti ke premi the.

bhasha

solahavian shatabdi mean brajabhasha sahityik asan par pratishthit ho chuki thi. bhakt-kavi sooradas ise sarvadeshik kavy bhasha bana chuke the. kintu unaki shakti bhasha saushthav ki apeksha bhav dyotan mean adhik rami. isili,baboo jagannath das ratnakar brajabhasha ka vyakaran banate samay rasakhan, bihari lal aur ghananand ke kavyadhyayan ko sooradas se adhik mahattv dete haian. bihari ki vyavastha kuchh k di tatha bhasha parimarjit evan sahityik hai. ghananand mean bhasha-saundary unaki 'lakshana' ke karan mana jata hai. rasakhan ki bhasha ki visheshata usaki svabhavikata hai. unhoanne brajabhasha ke sath khilava d n kar usake madhur, sahaj evan svabhavik roop ko apanaya. sath hi bolachal ke shabdoan ko sahityik shabdavali ke vikat lane ka saphal prayas kiya.

darshan

ab prashn yah uthata hai ki jab ve bhakt the aur unaki rachana bhakti pradhan hai to usaka koee darshan bhi avashy hoga. jahaan alochak ki janakari ke li,niyamoan ki shrriankhala mean koee vastu nahian bandhati, vahaan use svachchhand kah diya jata hai. par vastav mean aisi bat nahian. pratyek kary ka mool karan avashy rahata hai. mishr ji ne ek bat bar-bar kahi hai ki rasakhan mean videshipan ki jhalak avashy dikhaee p dati hai. yah premamargi bhakt the. laukik paksh mean inaka virah farasi kavy ki vandana se prabhavit hai, alaukik paksh mean soophiyoan ki premapir se. age kahate haian svachchhand kaviyoan ne prem ki pir soophi kaviyoan se hi li hai isamean koee sandeh nahian.

prakriti varnan

manas aur usako dharan karane vale sharir ko tatha manushy ke nirman bhag ko chhodakar any samast chetan aur achetan srishti-prasar ko prakriti svikar kiya jata hai.[3] vyavaharik roop se to jitani manavetar srishti hai usako ham prakriti kahate haian kintu darshanik drishti se hamara sharir aur man usaki jnanendriyaan, man, buddhi, chitt, ahankar adi sookshm tattv prakriti ke aantarbhoot haian.[4] kavy mean prakriti chitran har kal mean milata hai. sanskrit kavy se lekar adhunik kavy tak mean prakriti ke darshan hote haian. yah svabhavik bhi hai. manav adhyayan bhale hi kavy ka mukhy vishay mana gaya ho kintu prakriti ke sahachary bina manav ki cheshtaean aur manodashaean bhavahin-si hone lagati haian. yamuna tat, vanshivat, kadanb ke vriksh aur braj ke van bag-t dag-bina nat nagar krishn ki samast lilaean shoony evan niras-si pratit hoti haian. at: prakriti ke abhav mean kisi suandar kavy ki kalpana kuchh adhoori-si hi pratit hoti hai. kavy mean prakriti chitran bhinn-bhinn roopoan mean milata hai. rasakhan ke kavy mean prakriti ki chhata tin roopoan mean drishtigochar hoti hai.

  1. krishn ki vihar-bhoomi vrindavan, karil kuanj, kaliandi nadi kool adi ka vishad varnan prakriti sahachari ke roop mean milata hai.
  2. sanyog aur viyog donoan pakshoan mean prakriti manav bhavanaoan ki poshika rahi hai. krishn-gopika milan aur virah varnan mean rasakhan ne prakriti uddipan vibhavoan ke aantargat dikhaya hai.
  3. sath hi apane aradhy ke komal sauandaryamay paksh ke niroopan ke li,alankar roop mean prakriti ko apanaya hai.

kavy sadhana

rasakhan ki bhasha paryaph‍t parimarjit aur saras tatha kavh‍yochit thi. brajabhasha mean jitani uth‍tamata se apane hriday ke bhav ve vh‍yakh‍t kar sake, utana aur kaviyoan ke liye kashh‍t sadhh‍y tha. unaki paramoth‍krishh‍t visheshata yah thi ki unh‍hoanne apane laukik prem ko bhagavadh prem mean roopanh‍tarit kar diya. asar sansar ka parith‍yag karake sarvatha nanh‍dakumar ke darabar ke sadash‍y ho gaye.

ek samay kahian bhagavat katha mean upasthit the. vh‍yasagaddi ke pas shh‍yamasunh‍dar ka chitr rakha hua tha. unake nayanoan mean bhagavan ka roopamadhury sama gaya. unh‍hoanne premamayi mithi bhasha mean vh‍yas se bhagavan shrikrishn ka pata poochha aur braj ke liye chal p de. rasarasik nanh‍dananh‍dan se milane ke liye virahi kavi ka hriday-bin baj utha. ve apani premika ki bat sochate jate the. abhi tho de hi samay pahale usane kaha tha ki- "jis tarah mujhe chahate ho, usi tarah yadi shrikrishh‍n ko chahate to bhavasagar se par utar jate". pair aur veg se age badhane lage, usi tarah nahian. usase bhi adhik chahane ke liye ve shrikrishh‍n ki lila bhoomi mean ja rahe the. abhi unh‍hoanne kal hi bhagavat ke farasi anuvad mean gopi prem ke samh‍banh‍dh mean vishesh roop se premamayi sh‍phoorti payi thi. unh‍hoanne apane man ko bar-bar dhikh‍kara. moorkh ne lok-banh‍dhan mean mukti-sukh man liya tha. unake kanh‍th mean bhakti ki madhur ragini ne amrit ghol diya. brajaraj ka mash‍tak se sh‍parsh hote hi, bhagavati kalinh‍di ke jal ki shitalata ke sh‍parsh-sukh se unh‍math‍t samir ke madir kamh‍pan ki anubhooti hote hi, shh‍yamatamal se arujhi lataoan ki hariyali ka nayanoan mean alodan hote hi ve apani sudhi-budhi kho baithe. sansar chhoot gaya, bhagavan mean man ram gaya. unh‍hoanne vrindavan ke aishh‍vary ki sh‍tuti ki, bhakti ka bhashh‍y kiya. unh‍hoanne vrinh‍davan ke j d, jiv, chetan aur jangam mean ath‍manubhooti ki ath‍miyata dekhi. paha d, nadi aur vihangoan se apane janh‍m-janh‍manh‍tar ka samh‍banh‍dh jo da. ve kah uthe-

ya lakuti aru kamariya par raj tihoo pur kau taji darauan.
athahu siddhi navauan nidhi kau sukh nand ki gay charay bisarauan..
'rasakhan' sada in nayananhian sauan braj ke ban bag t dag niharauan.
kotin hoo kaladhaut ke dham karil ki kuanjan oopar varauan..

kitana adbhut ath‍masamarpan tha, bhavamadhury tha. premasudha ka niranh‍tar pan karate ve braj ki shobha dekh rahe the. unake pairoan mean virakti ki be di thi, hathoan mean anurakti ki hathak di thi, hriday mean bhakti ki banh‍dhan-mukti thi. rasakhan ke darshan se braj dhanh‍y ho utha. braj ke darshan se rasakhan ka jivan saphal ho gaya. ve govardhan par shrinath ji ke darshan ke liye mandir mean jane lage, dvarapal ne dhakh‍ka dekar nikal diya. shrinath ji ke nayan rakh‍t ho uthe. idhar rasakhan ki sthiti vichitr thi. unh‍hean apane praneshh‍var shh‍yamasunh‍dar ka bharosa tha. anh‍n-jal chho d diya, n jane kin papoan ke phalash‍varoop pauriya ne mandir se nikal diya tha. tin din bit gaye, bhakt ke pran kalap ho rahe the. udhar bhagavan bhi bhakt ki bhavana ke anusar vikal the. rasakhan p de-p de soch rahe the-

des bides ke dekhe naresan, rijhi ki kou n boojh karaigau.
tatean tinh‍hean taji jan girayau gun sauan gun augun gaanthi paraigau..
baansurivarau b dau rijhavar hai sh‍yam jo naiku sudhar dharaigau.
la dilau chhail vahi to ahir kau hamare hiye ki haraigau..

ahir ke chhail ne unake hriday ki vedana har hi to li. bhagavan ne sakshat darshan diye, usake bad gosaeean shrivitthalanath ji ne unako govinh‍dakunh‍d par sh‍nan karakar dikshit kiya. rasakhan poore 'rasakhani' ho gaye. bhagavan ke prati poornaroop se samarpan ka bhav uday hua.. rasakhan ki kavh‍y-sadhana poori ho gayi. unake nayanoan ne gavahi di-

brahm maian dhooandhyoan puranani ganani, ved richa suni chaugune chayan.
dekhh‍yoan sunh‍yoan kabahuan n kitooan vah kaise saroop o kaise subhayan..
terat terat hari paryau 'rasakhan' batayau n log lugayan.
dekhh‍yoan, durayau vah kuanj kutir mean baithyau palotatu radhika payan..

shesh, ganesh, mahesh, dinesh aur suresh jinaka par nahian pa sake, ved anadi, ananh‍t, akhanh‍d, abhed kahakar neti-neti ke bhramasagar mean doob gaye, unake sh‍varoop ka itana bhavh‍y rasamay darshan jis sunh‍dar riti se rasakhan ne kiya, vah itihas ki ek adbhut ghatana hai. bhakti-sahith‍y ka rahash‍yamay vaichitry hai. ve ajivan braj mean hi bhagavan ki lila ko kavh‍yaroop dete hue vicharan karate rahe. bhagavan hi unake ekamatr sh‍nehi, sakha aur samh‍banh‍dhi the.

divy dham yatra

paitalis sal ki avash‍tha mean rasakhan ne bhagavan ke divh‍y dham ki yatra ki. premadevata radharaman ne antim samay mean unako darshan diya tha. unh‍hoanne bhagavan ke samane yahi kamana ki, vida-vela mean keval itana hi nivedan kiya-

manush hauan tau vahi 'sasakhan' basauan braj gokul gaanv ke gh‍varan.
jo pasu hauan tau kaha bas merau charauan nit nand ki dhenu manjharan..
pahan hauan tau vahi giri kau jo dharayau kar chhatr purandar dharan.
jo khag hauan to baserau karauan nit kaliandi kool kadanb ki daran..

bhakt ke hriday ki vivashata ka kitana marmik ath‍manivedan hai yah. bhagavan ki lila se samh‍baddh drishh‍yoan, sh‍thaloan, jivoan ke prati kitani samichin ath‍miyata hai. bhagavan ke samane hi unake pran chal base. jinake charanoan ki raj ke liye koti-koti janh‍moan tak mrith‍yu ke adhidevata yam tarasa karate haian, unh‍hoanne bhakt ki kirti ko samujh‍jh‍valatam aur nitanh‍t akshunh‍n rakhane ke liye apane hathoan se anh‍th‍yeshti-kriya ki. prabhu ki kripa ka anh‍t pana kathin hai, asamh‍bhav hai. prem ke samrajh‍y mean unaki kripa ka darshan rasakhan jaise bhaktoan ke hi saubhagh‍y ki bat hai.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 1.3 rasakhan (hindi) (ech.ti.em.el) www.ignca.nic.in. abhigaman tithi: 11 mee, 2012.
  2. rasakhan: vyaktitv aur krititv |lekhak: d aau. majada asad |prakashak: prem prakashan mandir, dilli |
  3. prakriti aur kavy pri0 4
  4. hindi kavy mean prakriti chitran, pri0 6

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