रसखान

rasakhan
Raskhan-1.jpg
poora nam saiyyad ibrahim (rasakhan)
janm sanh 1533 se 1558 bich (lagabhag)
janm bhoomi pihani, haradoee zila, uttar pradesh
karm bhoomi mahavan (mathura)
karm-kshetr krishn bhakti kavy
mukhy rachanaean 'sujan rasakhan' aur 'premavatika'
vishay sagun krishnabhakti
bhasha sadharan braj bhasha
vishesh yogadan prakriti varnan, krishnabhakti
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari bharatendu harishchandr ne jin muslim haribhaktoan ke liye kaha tha, "in musalaman harijanan par kotin hindoo varie" unamean "rasakhan" ka nam sarvopari hai.

saiyyad ibrahim 'rasakhan' ka hindi sahity mean krishn bhakt tatha ritikalin kaviyoan mean mahattvapoorn sthan hai. rasakhan ko 'ras ki khan (qan)' kaha jata hai. inake kavy mean bhakti, shrriangar ras donoan pradhanata se milate haian. rasakhan krishn bhakt haian aur prabhu ke sagun aur nirgun nirakar roop ke prati shraddhalu haian. rasakhan ke sagun krishn lilaean karate haian. yatha- balalila, rasalila, phagalila, kuanjalila adi. unhoanne apane kavy ki simit paridhi mean in asimit lilaoan ka bahut sookshm varnan kiya hai. bharatendu harishchandr ne jin muslim haribhaktoan ke liye kaha tha, "in musalaman harijanan par kotin hindoo varie" unamean "rasakhan" ka nam sarvopari hai. saiyyad ibrahim "rasakhan" ka janm upalabdh srotoan ke anusar sanh 1533 se 1558 ke bich kabhi hua hoga. akabar ka rajyakal 1556-1605 hai, ye lagabhag akabar ke samakalin haian. janmasthan 'pihani' kuchh logoan ke matanusar dilli ke samip hai. kuchh aur logoan ke matanusar yah 'pihani' uttar pradesh ke haradoee zile mean hai. mrityu ke bare mean koee pramanik tathy nahian milate haian. rasakhan ne bhagavat ka anuvad farasi mean bhi kiya.

jivan parichay

rasakhan ke janm ke sanbandh mean vidvanoan mean matabhed paya jata hai. anek vidvanoan ne inaka janm sanvath 1615 ee. mana hai aur kuchh vidvanoan ne 1630 ee. mana hai. rasakhan svayan batate haian ki gadar ke karan dilli shmashan ban chuki thi, tab use chho dakar ve braj chale gaye. aitihasik sakshy ke adhar par pata chalata hai ki uparyukt gadar sanh 1613 ee. mean hua tha. unaki bat se aisa pratik hota hai ki vah gadar ke samay vayask the aur unaka janm gadar ke pahale hi hua hoga. rasakhan ka janm sanvath 1590 ee. manana adhik samichin pratit hota hai. bhavani shankar yajnik ne bhi yahi mana hai. anek tathyoan ke adhar par unhoanne apane is mat ki pushti bhi ki hai. aitihasik granthoan ke adhar par bhi yahi tathy samane ata hai. yah manana adhik prabhavashali pratit hota hai ki rasakhan ka janm 1590 ee. mean hua hoga.[1]

janm sthan

rasakhan ke janm sthan ke vishay mean anek vidvanoan ne anek mat prastut ki,haian. kee to rasakhan ke janm sthan pihani athava dilli ko batate haian, kiantu yah kaha jata hai ki dipali shabd ka prayog unake kavy mean keval ek bar hi milata hai. jaisa ki pahale likha gaya ki rasakhan ne gadar ke karan dilli ko shmashan bataya hai. usake bad ki ziandagi usaki mathura mean gujari. shivasianh saroj tatha hiandi sahity ke pratham itihas tatha aitihasik tathyoan evan any pusht pramanoan ke adhar par rasakhan ki janm-bhoomi pihani zila haradoee mana jae. haradoee janapad mukhyalay par nirmit ek prekshagrah ka nam ‘rasakhan prekshagrah’ rakha gaya hai. pihani aur bilagram aisi jagah haian, jahaan hiandi ke b de-b de evan uttam koti ke musalaman kavi paida hue.[1]

nam evan upanam

rasakhan ke dohe mahavan, mathura

janm sthan tatha janm kal ki tarah rasakhan ke nam evan upanam ke sanbandh mean bhi anek mat prastut ki,g,haian. hajari prasad dvivedi ji ne apani pustak mean rasakhan ke do nam likhe haian:- saiyyad ibrahim aur sujan rasakhan. jabaki sujan rasakhan ki ek rachana ka nam hai. halaanki rasakhan ka asali nam saiyad ibrahim tha aur "khan' usaki upadhi thi. navalagadh ke rajakumar sangramasianh ji dvara prapt rasakhan ke chitr par nagari lipi ke sath- sath farasi lipi mean bhi ek sthan par "rasakhan' tatha doosare sthan par "rasakhaan' hi likha paya gaya hai. uparyukt sabootoan ke adhar par kaha ja sakata hai ki rasakhan ne apana nam "rasakhan' sirph isali,rakha tha ki vah kavita mean isaka prayog kar sake. farasi kaviyoan ki nam chasipt mean rakhane ki paranpara ka palan karate hu,rasakhan ne bhi apane nam khane ke pahale "ras' lagakar svayan ko ras se bhare khan ya rasile khan ki dharana ke sath kavy- rachana ki. unake jivan mean ras ki kami n thi. pahale laukik ras ka asvadan karate rahe, phir alaukik ras mean lin hokar kavy rachana karane lage. ek sthan par unake kavy mean "rasakhaan' shabd ka prayog bhi milata hai.

nain dalalani chauhatean m manik piy hath.
"rasakhaan' dhol bajaee ke bechiyoan hiy jiy sath..

uparyukt sakshyoan ke adhar par kaha ja sakata hai ki unaka nam saiyyad ibrahim tatha upanam "rasakhan' tha.[1]

balyakal tatha shiksha

rasakhan ek jagiradar pita ke putr the. isali,inaka lalan palan b de la d-pyar se hua mana jata hai. aisa isali,kaha jata hai ki unake kavy mean kisi vishesh prakar ki katuta ka sarasar abhav paya jata hai. ek sanpann parivar mean paida hone ke karan unaki shiksha achchhi aur uchch koti ki gee thi. unaki yah vidvatta unake kavy ki sadhikar abhivyakti mean jag zahir hote haian. rasakhan ko farasi, hiandi evan sanskriti ka achchha jnan tha. farasi mean unhoanne "shrimadbhagavat' ka anuvad karake yah sabit kar diya tha. isako dekh kar is bat ka abhas hota hai ki vah farasi aur hiandi bhashaoan ka achchha vakta hoange. rasakhan ne apana baly jivan apar sukh- suvidhaoan mean gujara hoga. unhean padhane ke li,kisi makatab mean jane ki avashyakata nahian p di hogi.[1]