कृष्ण जन्माष्टमी

krishn janmashtami vishay soochi
avatar janmashtami vrat janmashtami mahotsav krishn janmabhoomi shrimadabhagavadagita chitr vithika
krishn janmashtami
any nam janmashtami
anuyayi hiandoo, bharatiy, pravasi bharatiy
uddeshy bhagavan shrikrishn is din prithvi par avatarit hue the, isilie is din ko 'krishn janmashtami' ke roop mean manate haian.
prarambh pauranik kal
tithi bhadrapad mah, krishn paksh ki ashtami
utsav krishn janmashtami ka utsav sampoorn brajamandal mean, ghar–ghar mean, mandir–mandir mean manaya jata hai. adhikatar log vrat rakhate haian aur rat ko barah baje hi 'panchamrit ya phalahar' grahan karate haian. phal, mishthan, vastr, bartan, khilaune aur rupaye lutae jate haian. jinhean prayah sabhi shraddhalu lootakar dhany hote haian.
anushthan janmashtami ke avasar par mandiroan ko ati sundar dhang se sajaya jata hai tatha madhyaratri ko prarthana ki jati hai. shrikrishn ki moorti banakar use ek palane mean rakha jata hai tatha use dhire–dhire hilaya jata hai. log sari rat bhajan gate haian aur arati karate haian.
sanbandhit lekh krishn, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura, dvarikadhish, baanke bihari, vrindavan
any janakari pratyek bharatiy bhagavat puran mean likhit 'shrikrishnavatar ki katha' se parichit haian. shrikrishn ki balyakal ki shararatean jaise- makhan v dahi churana, janmashtami vrat noank-jhoank, tarah-tarah ke khel, indr ke viruddh unaka hath,[1] sarvadhik vishaile kaliya nag se yuddh v usake hazar phanoan par nrity, unaki lubha lene vali baansuri ka svar, kans dvara bheje ge guptacharoan ka vinash, ye sabhi prasang bhavana pradhan v atyant rochak haian.

krishn janmashtami bhagavan shrikrishn ka janmotsav hai. yogeshvar krishn ke 'bhagavad gita' ke upadesh anadi kal se janamanas ke lie jivan darshan prastut karate rahe haian. janmashtami ko bharat mean hian nahian balki videshoan mean base bharatiy bhi poori astha v ullas se manate haian. shrikrishn ne apana avatar bhadrapad mah ki krishn paksh ki ashtami ko madhyaratri ko kans ka vinash karane ke lie mathura mean liya. chooanki bhagavan svayan is din prithvi par avatarit hue the, at: is din ko 'krishn janmashtami' ke roop mean manaya jata hai. isilie shrikrishn janmashtami ke mauke par mathura nagari bhakti ke rangoan se sarabor ho uthati hai.

janmotsav

bhagavan shrikrishn ke janmotsav ka din b di dhoomadham se manaya jata hai. krishn janmabhoomi par desh-videsh se lakhoan shraddhaluoan ki bhi d um dati hai aur poore din vrat rakhakar nar-nari tatha bachche ratri 12 baje mandiroan mean abhishek hone par panchamrit grahan kar vrat kholate haian. krishn janmabhoomi ke alava dvarakadhish, bihariji evan any sabhi mandiroan mean isaka bhavy ayojan hota hai, jinamean bhari bhi d hoti hai.

vishnu ke athavean avatar

bhagavan shrikrishn vishnuji ke athavean avatar mane jate haian. yah shrivishnu ka solah kalaoan se poorn bhavyatam avatar hai. shriram to raja dasharath ke yahaan ek rajakumar ke roop mean avatarit hue the, jabaki shrikrishn ka prakaty atatayi kans ke karagar mean hua tha. shrikrishn ka janm bhadrapad krishn ashtami ki madhyaratri ko rohini nakshatr mean devaki v shrivasudev ke putraroop mean hua tha. kans ne apani mrityu ke bhay se bahan devaki aur vasudev ko karagar mean qaid kiya hua tha.

krishn janm ke samay ghanaghor varsha ho rahi thi. charoan taraf ghana aandhakar chhaya hua tha. shrikrishn ka avataran hote hi vasudev-devaki ki be diyaan khul geean, karagar ke dvar svayan hi khul ge, paharedar gahari nidra mean so ge. vasudev kisi tarah shrikrishn ko uphanati yamuna ke par gokul mean apane mitr nandagop ke ghar le ge. vahaan par nand ki patni yashoda ko bhi ek kanya utpann huee thi. vasudev shrikrishn ko yashoda ke pas sulakar us kanya ko le ge. kans ne us kanya ko patakakar mar dalana chaha. kintu vah is kary mean asaphal hi raha. shrikrishn ka lalan-palan yashoda v nand ne kiya. balyakal mean hi shrikrishn ne apane mama ke dvara bheje ge anek rakshasoan ko mar dala aur usake sabhi kuprayasoan ko viphal kar diya. ant mean shrikrishn ne atatayi kans ko hi mar diya. shrikrishn ke janmotsav ka nam hi janmashtami hai. gokul mean yah tyohar 'gokulashtami' ke nam se manaya jata hai.

janmashtami ke avasar par shraddhaluoan ki bhi d, krishn janmabhoomi, mathura

bhagavan shrikrishn ka prakaty utsav

  • bhagavan shrikrishn hi the, jinhoanne arjun ko kayarata se virata, vishad se prasad ki or jane ka divy sandesh 'shrimadabhagavadagita' ke madhyam se diya.
  • kaliya nag ke phan par nrity kiya, vidurani ka sag khaya aur govardhan parvat ko uthakar giridhari kahalaye.
  • samay p dane par unhoanne duryodhan ki jangha par bhim se prahar karavaya, shishupal ki galiyaan suni, par krodh ane par sudarshan chakr bhi uthaya.
  • arjun ke sarathi banakar unhoanne pandavoan ko mahabharat ke sangram mean jit dilavayi.
  • solah kalaoan se poorn vah bhagavan shrikrishn hi the, jinhoanne mitr dharm ke nirvah ke lie garib sudama ke potali ke kachche chavaloan ko khaya aur badale mean unhean rajy diya.
  • unhian paramadayalu prabhu ke janm utsav ko 'janmashtami' ke roop mean manaya jata hai.

shastroan ke anusar

shravan (amant) krishn paksh ki ashtami ko krishn janmashtami ya janmashtami vrat evan utsav prachalit hai, jo bharat mean sarvatr manaya jata hai aur sabhi vratoan evan utsavoan mean shreshth mana jata hai. kuchh puranoan mean aisa aya hai ki yah bhadrapad ke krishn paksh ki ashtami ko manaya jata hai. isaki vyakhya is prakar hai ki 'pauranik vachanoan mean mas poornimant hai tatha in masoan mean krishn paksh pratham paksh hai.' padm puran[2], matsy puran[3], agni puran[4] mean krishn janmashtami ke mahatmy ka vishisht ullekh hai.

  • chhandogyopanishad[5] mean aya hai ki krishn devaki putr ne ghor aangir se shikshaean grahan kian. krishn nam ke ek vaidik kavi the, jinhoanne ashvinoan se prarthana ki hai.[6]
  • anukramani ne rrigved[7] ko krishn aangiras ka mana hai.
  • jain paramparaoan mean krishn 22vean tirthakar neminath ke samakalin mane gaye haian aur jainoan ke prakh-itihas ke 63 mahapurushoan ke vivaran mean lagabhag ek tihaee bhag krishn ke sambandh mean hi hai.
  • mahabharat mean krishn jivan bharapoor haian. mahabharat mean ve yadav rajakumar kahe gaye haian, ve pandavoan ke sabase gahare mitr the, b de bhari yoddha the, rajanitijn evan darshanik the. katipay sthanoan par ve paramatma mane gaye haian aur svayan vishnu kahe gaye haian. mahabharat shanti parv[8]; dron parv[9]; karn parv[10]; van parv[11]; bhishm parv[12]. yudhishthir[13], draupadi[14] evan bhishm [15] ne krishn ke vishay mean prashansa ke gan kiye haian. harivansh, vishnu puran, vayu puran, bhagavat puran evan brahmavaivart puran mean krishn lilaoan ka varnan hai jo mahabharat mean nahian paya jata hai.
  • panini[16] se prakat hota hai ki inake kal mean kuchh log 'vasudevak' evan 'arjunak' bhi the, jinaka arth hai kram se vasudev evan arjun ke bhakt.
  • patanjali ke mahabhashy ke vartikoan mean krishn sambandhi vyaktiyoan evan ghatanaoan ki or sanket hai, yatha vartik sanhita[17] mean kans tatha bali ke nam; vartik sanhita[18] mean 'govind'; evan panini [19] ke vartik mean vasudev evan krishn. pantajali mean 'satyabhama' ko 'bhama' bhi kaha gaya hai. 'vasudevavargy:' [20], rrishyandhakavrishnikurubhyashch' [21] mean, ugrasen ko aandhak kaha gaya hai evan vasudev tatha baladev ko vishnu kaha gaya hai, adi shabd aye haian.
  • adhikaansh vidvanoan ne pantajali ko ee. poo. doosari shatabdi ka mana hai. krishn kathaean isake bahut pahale ki haian. adi parv [22] evan sabha parv [23] mean krishn ko vasudev evan paramabrahm evan vishv ka mool kaha gaya hai.
  • ee. poo. doosari ya pahali shatabdi ke ghosundi abhilekh[24] evan indiyan aintikveri,[25] mean krishn ko 'bhagavat evan sarveshvar' kaha gaya hai. yahi bat nagaghat abhilekhoan, ee. poo. 200 ee. mean bhi hai. besanagar ke 'garunadhvaj' abhilekh mean vasudev ko 'dev-dev' kaha gaya hai. ye praman siddh karate haian ki ee. poo. 500 ke lagabhag uttari evan madhy bharat mean vasudev ki pooja prachalit thi.
  • shri ar. ji. bhandarakar krit 'vaishnavijm, shaivijm'[26], jahaan par vaishnav sampraday evan isaki prachinata ke vishay mean vivechan upasthit kiya gaya hai. yah ashcharyajanak hai ki krishn janmashtami par likhe gaye madhyakalin granthoan mean bhavishy, bhavishyottar, skand, vishnudharmottar, naradiy evan brahm vaivart puranoan se uddharan to liye haian, kintu unhoanne us bhagavat puran ko achhoota chho d rakha hai jo pashchatkalin madhy evan vartamanakalin vaishnavoan ka 'ved' mana jata hai. bhagavat mean krishn janm ka vivaran sandigdh evan sadharan hai. vahaan par aisa aya hai ki samay kal sarvagunasampann evan shobhan tha, dishaean svachchh evan gagan nirmal evan udugan yukt tha, vayu sukhasparshi evan gandhavahi tha aur jab janardan ne devaki ke garbh se janm liya to ardharatri thi tatha andhakar ne sabako dhak liya tha.[27]
  • bhavishyottar puran[28] mean krishn dvara 'krishnajanmashtami vrat' ke bare mean yudhishthir se svayan kahalaya gaya hai– 'maian vasudev evan devaki se bhadr krishn ashtami ko utpann hua tha, jabaki soory sianh rashi mean tha, chandr vrishabh rashi mean tha aur nakshatr rohini tha'[29]. jab shravan ke krishn paksh ki ashtami ko rohini nakshatr hota hai to vah tithi jayanti kahalati hai, us din upavas karane se sabhi pap jo bachapan, yuvavastha, vriddhavastha evan bahut se poorvajanmoan mean hue rahate haian, kat jate haian. isaka phal yah hai ki yadi shravan krishnapaksh ki ashtami ko rohini ho to n yah keval janmashtami hoti hai, kintu jab shravan ki krishnashtami se rohini sanyukt ho jati hai to jayanti hoti hai.
thumb

janmashtami vrat

'janmashtami vrat' evan 'jayanti vrat' ek hi haian ya ye do prithak vrat haian. kalanirnay[30] ne donoan ko prithak vrat mana hai, kyoanki do prithak nam aye haian, donoan ke nimitt prithak haian[31], donoan ki hi visheshataean prithak haian, kyoanki janmashtami vrat mean shastr mean upavas ki vyavastha di hai aur jayanti vrat mean upavas, dan adi ki vyavastha hai. isake atirikt janmashtami vrat nity hai[32] aur jayanti vrat nity evan kamy donoan hi hai, kyoanki usamean isake n karane se n keval pap ki vyavastha hai pratyut karane se phal ki prapti ki bat bhi kahi gayi hai. ek hi shlok mean donoan ke prithak ullekh bhi haian. hemadri, madanaratn, nirnayasindhu adi ne donoan ko bhinn mana hai. nirnayasindhu[33] ne yah bhi kaha hai ki is kal mean log janmashtami vrat karate haian n ki jayanti vrat. kintu jayantinirnay[34] ka kathan hai ki log jayanti manate haian n ki janmashtami. sambhavat: yah bhed uttar evan dakshin bharat ka hai.

varah puran evan harivansh mean do virodhi batean haian. pratham ke anusar krishn ka janm ashadh shukl paksh dvadashi ko hua tha. harivansh ke anusar krishn janm ke samay abhijit nakshatr tha aur vijay muhoort tha. sambhavat: in uktiyoan mean prachin paramparaoan ki chhap hai. madhyakalik nibandhoan mean janmashtami vrat ke sampadan ki tithi evan kal ke vishay mean bhi kuchh vivechan milata hai[35]; krityatattv[36]; tithitattv,[37]. samayamayookh[38] evan nirnay siandhu[39] mean is vishay mean nishkarsh diye gaye haian.

bansi bajate hue krishn

janmashtami manane ka samay nirdharan

sabhi puranoan evan janmashtami sambandhi granthoan se spasht hota hai ki krishnajanm ke sampadan ka pramukh samay hai 'shravan krishn paksh ki ashtami ki ardharatri'[40]yah tithi do prakar ki hai–

  1. bina rohini nakshatr ki
  2. rohini nakshatr vali
  • nirnayamrit[41] mean 18 prakar haian, jinamean 8 shuddha tithiyaan, 8 viddha tatha any 2 haian.[42]
  • tithitattv[43] se sankshipt nirnay is prakar haian– 'yadi 'jayanti' (rohiniyukt ashtami) ek din vali hai, to usi din upavas karana chahie, yadi jayanti n ho to rohini yukt ashtami ko hona chahie, yadi rohini se yukt do din hoan to upavas doosare din hi kiya jata hai, yadi rohini nakshatr n ho to upavas ardharatri mean avasthit ashtami ko hona chahie ya yadi ashtami ardharatri mean do din vali ho ya yadi vah ardharatri mean n ho to upavas doosare din kiya jana chahie. yadi jayanti budh ya mangal ko ho to upavas mahapunyakari hota hai aur karo doan vratoan se shreshth mana jata hai jo vyakti budh ya mangal se yukt jayanti par upavas karata hai, vah janm-maran se sada ke lie chhutakara pa leta hai.'

janmashtami vrat mean pramukh krity evan vidhiyaan

janmashtami vrat mean pramukh krity hai upavas, krishn pooja, jagaran[44] evan paran karana.

  • tithitattv[45], samayamayookh[46], kalatattvavivek [47], vrataraj[48], dharmasindhu[49] ne bhavishyottar puran[50] ke adhar par janmashtami vrat vidhi par lambe-lambe vivechan upasthit kiye haian.
bal krishn ko yamuna par le jate vasudev

vrat vidhi

govardhan parvat uthate hue krishn

vrat ke din prat: vrati ko soory, som (chandr), yam, kal, donoan sandhyaoan (prat: evan sayan), paanch bhootoan, din, kshapa (ratri), pavan, dikpaloan, bhoomi, akash, khacharoan (vayu dishaoan ke nivasiyoan) evan devoan ka ahvan karana chahie, jisase ve upasthit hoan.[51] use apane hath mean jalapoorn tamr patr rakhana chahie, jisamean kuchh phal, pushp, akshat hoan aur mas adi ka nam lena chahie aur sankalp karana chahie– 'maian krishnajanmashtami vrat kuchh vishisht phal adi tatha apane papoan se chhutakara pane ke lie karooanga.' tab vah vasudev ko sambodhit kar char mantroan ka path karata hai, jisake uparant vah patr mean jal dalata hai. use devaki ke putrajanan ke lie prasooti-grih ka nirman karana chahie, jisamean jal se poorn shubh patr, amradal, pushpamalaean adi rakhana chahie, agaru jalana chahie aur shubh vastuoan se alankaran karana chahie tatha shashthi devi ko rakhana chahie. grih ya usaki divaroan ke chaturdik devoan evan gandharvoan ke chitr banavane chahie (jinake hath ju de hue hoan), vasudev (hath mean talavar se yukt), devaki, nand, yashoda, gopiyoan, kans-rakshakoan, yamuna nadi, kaliy nag tatha gokul ki ghatanaoan se sambandhit chitr adi banavane chahie. prasooti grih mean paradoan se yukt bistar taiyar karana chahie.

sankalp aur pranapratishtha

vrati ko kisi nadi (ya talab ya kahian bhi) mean til ke sath dopahar mean snan karake yah sankalp karana chahie– 'maian krishn ki pooja unake sahagamiyoan ke sath karooanga.' use sone ya chaandi adi ki krishn pratima banavani chahie, pratima ke galoan ka sparsh karana chahie aur mantroan ke sath usaki pran pratishtha karani chahie. use mantr ke sath devaki v unake shishu shrikrishn ka dhyan karana chahie tatha vasudev, devaki, nand, yashoda, baladev evan chandika ki pooja snan, dhoop, gandh, naivedy adi ke sath evan mantroan ke sath karani chahie. tab use pratikatmak dhank se jatakarm, nabhi chhedan, shashthipooja evan namakaran sanskar adi karane chahie. tab chandroday (ya ardharatri ke tho di der uparant) ke samay kisi vedika par ardhy dena chahie, yah ardhy rohini yukt chandr ko bhi diya ja sakata hai, ardhy mean shankh se jal arpan hota hai, jisamean pushp, kush, chandan lep dale hue rahate haian. yah sab ek mantr ke sath mean hota hai. isake uparant vrati ko chandr ka naman karana chahie aur dandavat jhuk jana chahie tatha vasudev ke vibhinn namoan vale shlokoan ka path karana chahie aur ant mean prarthanaean karani chahie.[52]

ratri jagaran aur prat: poojan

vrati ko ratri bhar krishn ki prashansa ke srotoan, pauranik kathaoan, ganoan evan nrityoan mean sanlagn rahana chahie. doosare din prat: kal ke krityoan ke sampadan ke uparant, krishn pratima ka poojan karana chahie, brahmanoan ko bhojan dena chahie, sona, gau, vastroan ka dan, 'mujh par krishn prasann hoan' shabdoan ke sath karana chahie. use

yan devan devaki devi vasudevadajijanath.
bhaumasy brahmanoan guptyai tasmai brahmatmane nam:॥
sujanm-vasudevay gobrahmanahitay ch.
shantirastu shiv chastu॥'

ka path karana chahie tatha krishn pratima kisi brahman ko de deni chahie aur paran karane ke uparant vrat ko samapt karana chahie.[53]

vidhi ke antaroan ke lie dharmasindhu[54] mean aya hai ki shoodroan ko vaidik mantr chho d dene chahie, kintu ve pauranik mantroan evan ganoan ka sampadan kar sakate haian. 'samayamayookh' evan 'tithitattv' mean vaidik mantroan ke prayog ka spasht sanket nahian milata.

  • madhyakalik nibandhoan mean janmashtami vrat ke pramukh uddeshy ke vishay mean charcha uthayi gayi hai. kuchh logoan ke mat se upavas evan pooja donoan hi pramukh haian.[55]
  • samayamayookh ne vyakhya ke uparant nishkarsh nikala hai ki upavas keval 'aang' hai, kintu pooja hi pramukh hai. kintu tithitattv ne bhavishy puran evan mimaansa siddhantoan ke adhar par kaha hai ki upavas hi pramukh hai aur pooja keval 'aang' arthat keval sahayak tattv hai.[56]

paran

pratyek vrat ke ant mean paran hota hai, jo vrat ke doosare din prat: kiya jata hai. janmashtami evan jayanti ke upalakshy mean kiye gaye upavas ke uparant paran ke vishay mean kuchh vishisht niyam haian. brahmavaivart puran, kalanirnay[57] mean aya hai ki–'jab tak ashtami chalati rahe ya us par rohini nakshatr rahe tab tak paran nahian karana chahie; jo aisa nahian karata, arthat jo aisi sthiti mean paran kar leta hai vah apane kiye karaye par hi pani pher leta hai aur upavas se prapt phal ko nasht kar leta hai. at: tithi tatha nakshatr ke ant mean hi paran karana chahie.[58]

udyapan evan paran mean aantar

paran ke uparant vrati 'oan bhootay bhooteshvaray bhootapataye bhootasambhavay govinday namo nam:' namak mantr ka path karata hai. kuchh paristhitiyoan mean paran ratri mean bhi hota hai, visheshat: vaishnavoan mean, jo vrat ko nity roop mean karate haian n ki kamy roop mean. 'udyapan evan paran' ke arthoan mean antar hai. ekadashi evan janmashtami jaise vrat jivan bhar kiye jate haian. unamean jab kabhi vrat kiya jata hai to paran hota hai, kintu jab koee vrat keval ek simit kal tak hi karata hai aur use samapt kar leta hai to usaki parisamapti ka antim krity hai udyapan.

krishn janmashtami mahotsav

  • desh bhar ke shraddhalu janmashtami parv ko b de bhavy tariqe se ek mahan parv ke roop mean manate haian.
  • sabhi krishn mandiroan mean ati shobhavan mahotsav manae jate haian.
  • vishesh roop se yah mahotsav vrindavan, mathura (uttar pradesh), dvaraka (gujarat), guruvayoor (keral), udripi (karnatak) tatha isk aaun ke mandiroan mean hote haian.
  • shrikrishn janmashtami ka utsav sampoorn brajamandal mean, ghar–ghar mean, mandir–mandir mean manaya jata hai. adhikatar log vrat rakhate haian aur rat ko barah baje hi 'panchamrit ya phalahar' grahan karate haian.
  • mathura ke janmasthan mean vishesh ayojan hota hai. savari nikali jati hai. doosare din nandotsav mandiroan mean dadhikaandoan hota hai.
  • phal, mishthan, vastr, bartan, khilaune aur rupaye lutae jate haian. jinhean prayah sabhi shraddhalu lootakar dhany hote haian.
  • gokul, nandagaanv, vrindavan adi mean shrikrishn janmashtami ki b di dhoom–dham hoti hai.
kans karagar, mathura mean krishn ka janm

chhabile ka chhappan bhog

shrikrishn ajivan sukh tatha vilas mean rahe, isalie janmashtami ko itane shanadar dhang se manaya jata hai. is din anek prakar ke mishthan banae jate haian. jaise laddoo, chakali, payasam (khir) ityadi. isake atirikt doodh se bane pakavan, vishesh roop se makkhan[59], shrikrishn ko arpit kiya jata hai. tarah–tarah ke phal bhi arpit kie jate haian. parantu lagabhag sabhi log laddoo ya khir banana v shrikrishn ko arpit karana shreshth samajhate haian. vibhinn prakar ke pakavanoan ka bhojan taiyar kiya jata hai tatha use shrikrishn ko samarpit kiya jata hai.

shrikrishn ke vigrah ki bhavy sajja

pooja kaksh mean jahaan shrikrishn ka vigrah virajaman hota hai, vahaan par akarshak rangoan ki rangoli chitrit ki jati hai. is rangoli ko 'dhan ke bhoose' se banaya jata hai. ghar ki chaukhat se poojakaksh tak chhote–chhote paanvoan ke chitr isi samagri se banae jate haian. ye pratikatmak chihn bhagavan shrikrishn ke ane ka sanket dete haian. mitti ke dip jalakar unhean ghar ke samane rakha jata hai. bal shrikrishn ko ek jhoole mean bhi rakha jata hai. pooja ka samagr sthan pushpoan se sajaya jata hai.

madhyaratri ko pooja–anushthan

janmashtami ke avasar par mandiroan ko ati sundar dhang se sajaya jata hai tatha madhyaratri ko prarthana ki jati hai. shrikrishn ki moorti banakar use ek palane mean rakha jata hai tatha use dhire–dhire se hilaya jata hai. log sari rat bhajan gate haian tatha arati ki jati hai. arati tatha balakrishn ko bhojan arpit karane ke bad sampoorn din ke upavas ka samapan kiya jata hai.

brajabhoomi mean janmashtami mahotsav

  • brajabhoomi mahotsav anootha v ashcharyajanak hota hai.
  • sabase pavitratam sthan to mathura ko hi mana jata hai, aur mathura mean bhi ek sundar mandir ko jisamean aisa vishvas hai ki yahi vah sthan hai, jahaan par shrikrishn ka janm hua tha.
  • aisa anuman hai ki sat lakh logoan se bhi adhik shraddhalu mathura v as–pas ke ilaqoan se is sthan par pooja–archana ke lie ate haian.

krishn janmabhoomi mandir

  • yah mandir bhaktoan ka mukhy akarshan kendr hai.
  • saik doan bhaktagan ojasvi pravachanoan ko kloz sarkit v ti. vi. ki sahayata se mandir ke pratyek kone se dekh v sun sakate haian.
  • kee log to din se hi mandir mean dera dal lete haian, taki madhyaratri ke janm samaroh ko dekh sakean.
  • ardharatri hoti hai, sabhi shraddhalu uchch svar mean bolate haian - shrikrishn bhagavan ki jay.
  • chhoti si moorti shvet vastr se dhankakar ooanche sthan par rakh di jati hai, taki sabhi bhaktagan darshan kar sakean.

dahi-haandi samaroh

isamean ek mitti ke bartan mean dahi, makkhan, shahad, phal ityadi rakh die jate haian. is bartan ko dharati se 30–40 phut oopar taang diya jata hai. yuva l dake–l dakiyaan is puraskar ko pane ke lie samaroh mean hissa lete haian. aisa karane ke lie yuva purush ek–doosare ke kandhe par chadhakar piramid sa bana lete haian. jisase ek vyakti asani se us bartan ko to dakar usamean rakhi samagri ko prapt kar leta hai. prayah rupayoan ki l di rasse se baandhi jati hai. isi rasse se vah bartan bhi baandha jata hai. is dhanarashi ko un sabhi sahayogiyoan mean baant diya jata hai, jo us manav piramid mean bhag lete haian.

krishnavatar

pratyek bharatiy bhagavat puran mean likhit 'shrikrishnavatar ki katha' se parichit haian. shrikrishn ki balyakal ki shararatean jaise - makhan v dahi churana, charavahoan v gvaliniyoan se unaki noank–jhoank, tarah - tarah ke khel, indr ke viruddh unaka hath (jisamean ve govardhan parvat apani aanguli par utha lete haian, taki gokulavasi ati varsha se bach sakean), sarvadhik vishaile kaliya nag se yuddh v usake hazar phanoan par nrity, unaki lubha lene vali baansuri ka svar, kans dvara bheje ge guptacharoan ka vinash - ye sabhi prasang bhavana pradhan v atyant rochak haian.

astha ke keandr

shrikrishn yugoan-yugoan se hamari astha ke keandr rahe haian. ve kabhi yashoda maiya ke lal hote haian to kabhi braj ke natakhat kanha aur kabhi gopiyoan ka chain churate chhaliya to kabhi vidur patni ka atithy svikar karate hue samane ate haian to kabhi arjun ko 'gita' ka jnan dete hue. krishn ke roop anek haian aur vah har roop mean sanpoorn haian. apane bhakt ke lie hansate-hansate gaandhari ke shap ko shirodhary kar lete haian.

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shrimadabhagavadagita

pandavoan ke rakshak ke roop mean, kurukshetr yuddh mean arjun ke rath ke sarathi bane shrikrishn ki udarata tatha unaka divyasandesh, shashvat v sabhi yugoan ke lie upayukt hai. shokagrast v vyakul arjun ko shrikrishn dvara diya gaya yah divyasandesh hi gita mean likha hai. 'dharmakshetre kurukshetre samaveta yuyutsavah' is shlokaansh se bhagavadh gita ka praranbh hota hai. gita manushy ke manovijnan ko samajhane, samajhane ka adhar granth hai. hamari sanskriti ke do dhruv haian- ek hai shriram aur doosare dhruv hai shrikrishn. ram anukaraniy haian aur krishn chiantaniy. bharatiy chiantan kahata hai prithvi par jahaan-jahaan jivan hai, vah vishnu ka avataran hai. sabhi chhaviyaan mahakal ki mahesh ki, aur janm lene ko atur sari ki sari sthitiyaan brahma ki haian. oorja ke unmesh ke yahi tin dhang haian chahe to ham is sare vishay ko pavan 'trimoorti' bhi kah sakate haian.

anand ka sangam

isi param tattv ka jnan shrikrishn ne aj se paanch hazar varsh poorv kurukshetr ke maidan mean, hatash arjun ko diya tha. gita shrikrishn ka bhavapravan hriday granth hai. is poore virat mean jo nilima samaee hai aur lagatar jo svar dhvani sunaee p dati hai, vah shrikrishn ki vanshi hai. unhean sath-chith anand ka sangam mana gaya hai, sath sab taraph bhasaman hai chith maun aur anand aprakat hai, jis prakar doodh mean makkhan chhipa rahata hai, usi prakar shrikrishn ki sharan mean gaya adami, anand se pulakit ho jata hai. krishn bhi kuchh aise karun hriday haian ki doobakar pukaro to palabhar mean, kritakrity kar dete haian. shrikrishn 'raseshvar' bhi haian aur 'yogeshvar' bhi haian. krishn, jisake janm se poorv hi usake mar dene ka khatara hai. aandheri rat, kara ke bhitar, ek bachche ka janm, jise janm ke tatkal bad apani maan se alag kar diya jata hai. janm ke chh: din bad pootana (pootana ka arth hai putr virodhan nari) jisake payodhar zaharilean haian, use marane ka prayatn karati hai.

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jan nayak

mathura nagari par kans ka shasan tha. kans ne apane pita ugrasen ko satta hathiyane ke lobh mean, jel mean dal diya tha. krishn ne dekha mathuravasi kans ko apani kamaee ka aansh, doodh-dahi ke roop mean de dete haian, tab unhoanne isaka virodh kiya. praja ne krishn ki bat samajhi aur kans ko khady samagri pahuanchana band kar diya. yah krishn ka jananayak ka roop hai. kans is badha se bh dak utha aur mall yuddh ke bahane usane krishn ko unake bhaee balaram sahit mathura bulakar mar dalane ki yojana banaee. krishn ki ayu us samay barah varsh rahi hogi. krishn bhi asadharan the. ve apane bhaee (balaram) ke sath mathura ge aur kans ka vadh kiya aur anukool paristhitiyaan hote hue bhi, rajasianhasan par svayan n baithakar karagar mean qaid kans ke pita ugrasen ko rajasianhasan par baithaya aur phir vrindavan bhi chho d diya.

kurukshetr ke maidan mean

shri krishn ke virat vyaktitv kurukshetr ke maidan mean prakat hota hai. krishn ne prayatn kiya tha ki yuddh n ho. phir yuddh svikar kiya aur yuddh se poorv ek aur nirnay liya- ki meri sena duryodhan ke sath l degi. maian akela paandavoan ki or rahooanga. aisa virodhi nirnay krishn hi le sakate the. isi se kaha jata hai ki krishn anukaraniy nahian, chiantaniy haian. unake har kary ke pichhe gahara pratikarth hai, jo samany adami ki samajh se bahar hai.

sansar ko anushasit karane vale

vriandavan mean krishn ne jaisa nrity-sangit bhara jivan jiya, us utsavaparak ullas bhare bachapan ke thik viparit vahi krishn, kurukshetr mean arjun se yah kyoan kar kah sakean-

'kurukarmev tasmattvamh' [60] arthat karm karo. yahaan ve arjun se yuddh karane ko kah rahe haian.

samagrata mean hi suandarata

apane yahaan char purusharth ginae ge haian, dharm, arth, kam aur moksh. in charoan ka nirvachan 'eeshavasyopanishad' ke pratham shlok mean hai. eesh shabd 'eeant' dhatu se bana hua hai. matalab yah hai ki jo sabhi ko anushasit karata hai ya jisaka adhipaty sab par hai, vahi eeshvar hai. use n manana svayan ko bhi jhuthalana hai. jo apane ko nahian janata vahi eeshvar ko bhi nahian manata. 'karm karate hue hi sau varshoan tak jivit rahane ki ichchha rakhe' eeshavasy upanishad ka yah mantr ham sab janate haian. 'eeshavasyamiand sarvamh', is mantr mean tin purusharth ke lie tin batean kahi gee haian.

  • moksh purusharth ke lie : 'eeshavasyamiand sarvamh.'
  • kam purusharth ke lie : 'ten tyakten bhuanjitha:.'
  • arth purusharth ke lie : 'magridh: kasyasvidh dhanamh॥'
  • aur chauthe dharm namak purusharth ke lie : kurvannevih karmani

krishn karm ki bat kar rahe haian aur sath hi yah bhi kah rahe haian- 'sarvadharman parityajy', sab dharm arthath pita, putr, vala dharm chho dakar jitane sharirik, saansarik ya bhautik, daivik rag aur rog haian ve sari paridhiyaan par kar, maian jo sabhi ka kartta aur bhartta hooan, usaki sharan mean a. tab too sab papoan se mukt, param sthiti ko pa lega.

chitr vithika

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. jisamean ve govardhan parvat apani aanguli par utha lete haian, taki gokulavasi ati varsha se bach sakean.
  2. padm puran (3|13
  3. matsy puran (56
  4. agni puran (183
  5. chhandogyopanishad (3|17|6
  6. rrigved 8|85|3
  7. rrigved 8|86-87
  8. mahabharat shanti parv, 47|28
  9. mahabharat dron parv, 146|67-68
  10. mahabharat karn parv, 87|74
  11. mahabharat van parv, 49|20
  12. mahabharat bhishm parv, 21|13-15
  13. mahabharat dron parv, 149|16-33
  14. mahabharat van parv, 263|8-16
  15. mahabharat anushasan parv, 167|37-45
  16. panini (4|3|98
  17. vartik sanhita 6 (panini 3|1|26
  18. vartika san0 2 (panini 3|1|138
  19. panini 3|2|21
  20. vartik 11, pa0 4|2|104
  21. pa0 4|1|114
  22. mahabharat, adi parv (1|256
  23. mahabharat, sabha parv (33|10-12
  24. epi. indi., 16, pri. 25-27; 31, pri. 198
  25. indiyan aintikveri 61 pri. 203
  26. shri ar. ji. bhandarakar krit 'vaishnavijm, shaivijm' adi (pri0 1–45
  27. ath sarvagunopet: kal: paramashobhan:. yarhyevajanajanmarksh shantarkshagrahatarakamh॥ dish: prasedurgaganan virmalaloduganodayamh.....vavau vayu:sukhasparsh: punyagandhavah: shuchi:....nishithe tam udabhate jayamane janardane. devakyaan devaroopinyaan vishnu: sarvagrihashy:॥ bhagavat puran 10|3|1-2, 4, 8. yahaan 'ajanajanmakshan' shabd ka prayog ka arth, lagata hai, jisaka janm nakshatr vah 'rohini' hai jisaka prajapati (ajan) devata hai. doosare evan chauthe shlokoan mean raghuvansh (3|14) ke pad 'dish: prasedurmaruto vavu: sukha: ki dhvani phoot rahi hai.
  28. bhavishyottar puran (44|1-69
  29. bhavishyottar puran (74-75 shlok
  30. kalanirnay (pri0 209
  31. pratham to krishnapaksh ki ashtami hai aur doosari rohini se sanyukt krishnapaksh ki ashtami
  32. kyoanki isake n karane se keval pap lagane ki bat kahi gayi hai.
  33. nirnayasindhu (pri0 126
  34. jayantinirnay (pri0 25
  35. kal nirnay, pri0 215-224
  36. krityatattvapri0 438-444
  37. tithitattv pri0 47-51
  38. samayamayookh (50-51
  39. nirnay siandhu (pri0 128-130
  40. yadi poornimant hota hai to bhadrapad mas mean kiya jata hai.
  41. nirnayamrit (prishth 56-58
  42. jinamean ek ardharatri mean rohini nakshatr vali tatha doosari rohini se yukt navami, budh ya mangal ko.
  43. tithitattv (prishth (54
  44. rat ka jagaran, stotr path evan krishn jivan sambandhi kathaean sunana
  45. tithitattv (pri0 42-47
  46. samayamayookh (pri0 52-57
  47. kalatattvavivek (pri0 52-56
  48. vrataraj (pri0 274-277
  49. dharmasindhu (pri0 68-69
  50. bhavishyottar puran (abhyas 55
  51. soory: somo yam: sandhye bhootanyah: kshapa. pavano dikpatirbhoomirakashan khacharamara:. brahman shasanamasthay kalpadhvamih sannidhimh॥ tithitattv (pri 45) evan samayamayookh (pri0 52).
  52. bhoomi par gir pranam karate samay ka ek mantr yah hai- 'sharanan tu prapadyehan sarvakamarthasiddhaye. pranamami sada devan vasudevan jagatpatimh॥' samayamayookh (pri0 54). do prarthanamantr ye haian- 'trahi maan sarvadu:khaghn rogashokarnavaddhare. durgataanstrayase vishno ye smaranti sakrith sakrith. soahan devatidurvritrastrahi maan shokasagarath. pushkaraksh nimagnoahan mayavijnanasagare ॥ samayamayookh.
  53. samayamayookh, pri0 55; tithitattv, pri0 43
  54. dharmasindhu (pri0 68-69
  55. bhavishy puran, samayamayookh, pri0 46; he0, kalanirnay, pri0 131 mean uddhrit
  56. harit veankatanathakrit 'dashanirnayi' ka ek aansh 'jayantinirnay', jisamean is vishay ka vishad vivechan diya gaya hai.
  57. kalanirnay, pri0 226
  58. narad puran (kal nirnay, pri0 227; tithi tattv, pri0 52), agni puran, tithitattv evan krityatattv (pri0 441) adi.
  59. jo shrikrishn ke balyakal ka sabase priy bhojan tha.
  60. gita 4/5

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