संस्कार

'sanskar' shabd prachin vaidik sahity mean nahian milata, kintu 'samh' ke sath 'kri' dhatu tatha 'sanskrit' shabd bahudha mil jate haian. rrigved[1] mean 'sanskrit' shabd dharm (baratan) ke lie prayukt hua hai, yatha 'donoan ashvin pavitr hue baratan ko hani nahian pahuanchate.' rrigved[2] mean 'sanskritatr' tatha[3] 'ranay sanskrita' shabd prayukt hue haian.

shatapath brahman[4] mean aya hai- 'san idan devebhyo havi: sanskuru sadhu sanskritan sanskurvityevaitadahh.' shatapath brahman mean aya hai[5] 'stri kisi sanskrit (sugathit) ghar mean kh de purush ke pas pahuanchati hai'.[6] chhandogy upanishad mean aya hai-[7] 'us yajn ki do vidhiyaan hai, man se ya vani se, brahma unamean se ek ko apane man se banata ya chamakata hai.' jaimini ke sootroan mean sanskar shabd anek bar aya hai[8] aur sabhi sthaloan par yah yajn ke pavitr ya nirmal kary ke arth mean prayukt hua hai, yatha jyotishtom yajn mean sir ke kesh muan dane, daant svachchh karane, nakhoon katane ke arth mean[9]; ya prakshen (jal chhi dakane) ke arth mean[10], adi. jaimini ke[11] mean 'sanskar' shabd upanayan ke lie prayukt hua hai. shabar ki vyakhya mean 'sanskar' shabd ka arth bataya hai ki[12] sanskar vah hai jisake hone se koee padarth ya vyakti kisi kary ke lie yogy ho jata hai. tantravartik ke anusar[13] sanskar ve kriyaean tatha ritiyaan haian jo yogyata pradan karati haian. yah yogyata do prakar ki hoti hai; pap-mochan se utpann yogyata tatha navin gunoan se utpann yogyata. sanskaroan se navin gunoan ki prapti tatha tap se papoan ya doshoan ka marjan hota hai.

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. rrigved, 5.76.2
  2. rrigved, 6.28.4
  3. rrigved, 8.39.9
  4. shatapath brahman, 1.1.4.10
  5. shatapath brahman, 3.2.1.22-'tasmadu stri pumaansan sanskrite tishthantamabhyeti'
  6. dekhie isi prakar ke prayog mean vajasaneyi sanhita, 4.34
  7. 'tasmadesh evan yajnastasy manashch vakh ch vartini. tayorantaraan manasa sansharoti brahma vacha hota', chhandogyo upanishad, 4.16.1-2
  8. 3.1.3; 3.2.15; 3.8.3; 9.2.9; 42, 44; 9.3.25; 9.4.33; 9.4.50 evan 54; 10.1.2 evan 11 adi
  9. 3.8.3
  10. 9.3.25
  11. jaimini, 6.1.35
  12. 'sanskari nam s bhavati yasminjate padartho bhavati yogy: kasyachidarthasy', shabar, 3.1.3
  13. 'yogyataan chadadhana: kriya: sanskara ityuchyante'