चैतन्य महाप्रभु

chaitany mahaprabhu
chaitany mahaprabhu
poora nam chaitany mahaprabhu
any nam vishvambhar mishr, shrikrishn chaitany chandr, nimaee, gauraang, gaur hari, gaur suandar
janm 18 faravari sanh 1486[1] (phalgun, shuklapaksh, poornima)
janm bhoomi navadvip (nadiya zila), pashchim bangal
mrityu sanh 1534
mrityu sthan puri, u disa
abhibhavak jagannath mishr aur shachi devi
pati/patni lakshmi devi aur vishnupriya
karm bhoomi vrindavan
vishay krishn bhakti
prasiddhi chaitany sagun bhakti ko mahattv dete the. bhagavan ka vah sagun roop, jo aparimey shaktiyoan aur gunoan se poorn hai, unhean many raha.
nagarikata bharatiy
sanbandhit lekh 'chaitany sampraday', 'vaishnav sampraday', 'chaitany bhagavat', 'chaitany charitamrit', 'chaitany charitavali', 'vrindavanadas thakur', 'krishnadas kaviraj', 'prabhudatt brahmachari'
any janakari mahaprabhu chaitany ke vishay mean vrindavanadas dvara rachit 'chaitany bhagavat' namak granth mean achchhi samagri upalabdh hoti hai. ukt granth ka laghu sanskaran krishnadas ne 1590 mean 'chaitany charitamrit' shirshak se likha tha. shri prabhudatt brahmachari dvara likhit 'shri shri chaitany-charitavali' gita pres gorakhapur ne chhapi hai.
bahari k diyaan chaitany mahaprabhu -amritalal nagar

chaitany mahaprabhu (janm: 18 faravari san 1486[1] - mrityu: sanh 1534) bhaktikal ke pramukh santoan mean se ek haian. inhoanne vaishnavoan ke gau diy sanpraday ki adharashila rakhi. bhajan gayaki ki ek nayi shaili ko janm diya tatha rajanitik asthirata ke dinoan mean hindoo-muslim ekata ki sadbhavana ko bal diya, jati-paant, ooanch-nich ki bhavana ko door karane ki shiksha di tatha vilupt vrindavan ko phir se basaya. mahaprabhu chaitany ke vishay mean vrindavanadas dvara rachit 'chaitany bhagavat' namak granth mean achchhi samagri upalabdh hoti hai. ukt granth ka laghu sanskaran krishnadas ne 1590 mean 'chaitany charitamrit' shirshak se likha tha. shri prabhudatt brahmachari dvara likhit 'shri shri chaitany-charitavali' 'gita pres gorakhapur' ne chhapi hai.

jivan parichay

chaitany mahaprabhu ka janm san 18 faravari san 1486[1]ki phalgun, shuklapaksh, poornima ko pashchim bangal ke navadvip (nadiya) namak us gaanv mean hua, jise ab 'mayapur' kaha jata hai. balyavastha mean inaka nam vishvanbhar tha, parantu sabhi inhean 'nimaee' kahakar pukarate the. gauravarn ka hone ke karan log inhean 'gauraang', 'gaur hari', 'gaur suandar' adi bhi kahate the. chaitany mahaprabhu ke dvara gau diy vaishnav sanpraday ki adharashila rakhi gee. unake dvara praranbh kie ge mahamantr 'nam sankirtan' ka atyant vyapak v sakaratmak prabhav aj pashchimi jagat tak mean hai. kavi karnapur krit 'chaitany chandroday' ke anusar inhoanne keshav bharati namak sannyasi se diksha li thi. kuchh log madhavendr puri ko inaka diksha guru manate haian. inake pita ka nam jagannath mishr v maan ka nam shachi devi tha.

janm kal

chaitany ke janmakal ke kuchh pahale subuddhi ray gau d ke shasak the. unake yahaan alauddin husainashah namak ek pathan naukar tha. raja subuddhiray ne kisi rajakaj ko sampadit karane ke lie use rupaya diya. husainakhaan ne vah rakam kha pikar barabar kar di. raja subuddhiray ko jab yah pata chala to unhoanne dand svaroop husainakhaan ki pith par ko de lagavaye. husainakhaan chidh gaya. usane shadyantr rach kar raja subuddhiray ko hata diya. ab husain khaan pathan gau d ka raja tha aur subuddhiray usaka kaidi. husainakhaan ki patni ne apane pati se kaha ki purane apaman ka badala lene ke lie raja ko mar dalo. parantu husainakhaan ne aisa n kiya. vah bahut hi dhoort tha, usane raja ko jabaradasti musalaman ke hath se pakaya aur laya hua bhojan karane par badhy kiya. vah janata tha ki isake bad koee hindoo subuddhiray ko apane samaj mean shamil nahian karega. is prakar subuddhiray ko jivanmrit dhang se apaman bhare din bitane ke lie ‘ekadam mukt’ chho dakar husainakhaan husainashah ban gaya.
chaitany mahaprabhu mandir, govardhan, mathura

isake bad to phir kisi hindoo raj-rajava de mean chooan tak karane ka sahas nahian rah gaya tha. ve sadharan-se-sadharan musalaman se bhi ghabarane lage. phir bhi hare hue logoan ke man mean din-rat saanp lotate hi raha karate the. nirantar yatr-tatr visphot hua hi karate the. isilie raja aur praja mean prabal roop se ek sandehoan bhara nata panap gaya. san 1480 ke lagabhag nadiya (navadvip) ke durbhagy se husainashah ke kanoan mean bar-bar yah bhanak p di ki nadiya ke brahman apane jantar-mantar se husainashah ka takhta palatane ke lie koee b da bhari anushthan kar rahe haian. sunate-sunate ek din husainashah chidh utha. usane ek prabal musalaman sena nadiya ka dharmatej nasht karane ke lie bhej di. nadiya aur usake as-pas brahman ke gaanv-ke-gaanv gher liye gaye. unhoanne un par avarnaniy atyachar kiye. usake mandir, pustakalay aur sare dharmik evan jnan-moolak sanskaroan ke chihn mitane arambh kiye. striyoan ka satitv bhang kiya. paramapoojy evan pratishthit brahmanoan ki shikhaean pak d-pak d kar un par latean jamaeean, thooka; tarah-tarah se apamanit kiya. husainashah ki sena ne jhund ke jhund brahman parivaroan ko ek sath kalama padhane par majaboor kiya. bachche se lekar boodhe tak nar-nari ko hothoan se nishiddh maans ka sparsh karakar unhean apane purane dharm mean punah pravesh karane layaq n rakha. nadiya ke anek mahapandit, b de-b de vidvan samay rahate hue saubhagyavash idhar-udhar bhag gaye. parivar bant gaye, koee kahian, koee kahian. dhire-dhire shaanti hone par kuchh log phir laut aye aur jas-tas jivan nirvah karane lage. dharm ab unake lie sarvajanik nahian gopaniy-sa ho gaya tha. tij-tyoharoan mean vah pahale ka-sa ras nahian raha. pata nahian kaun kahaan kaise apaman kar de. log sahami khisiyaee huee zindagi basar kar rahe the.

anastha ki is bhayavani marubhoomi mean bhi hariyali ek jagah chhote se tapoo ka roop lekar sanjivani siddh ho rahi thi. nadiya mean kuchh itane ine-gine log aise bhi the, jo eeshvar aur usaki banaee huee duniya ke prati apana adig, utkat aur apar prem arpit karate hi jate the. khisiyane panditoan ki nagari mean ye kuchh ine-gine vaishnav log chidha-chidha kar vinod ke patr bana diye gaye the. charoan or manushy ke lie har kahian aandhera-hi-aandhera chhaya hua tha. lok-laanchhit vaishnav jan tab bhi hari-bhakt the. yah sanyog ki bat hai ki shri gauraang (chaitany mahaprabhu) ka janm poorn chandragrahan ke samay hua tha. us samay nadi mean snan, karate dabe-dabe hare ram, hare krishn japate, akashachari rahugrast chandr ki khair manate sarvahara nar-nari jan yah nahian janate the ki unhian ke nagar ki ek gali mean vah chandr uday ho chuka hai, jisaki prem chaandani mean varshoan se chhipa khoya hua vijit samaj ka anant shraddha se poojit, manushy ke jine ka ekamatr sahara–eeshvar unhean phir se ujagar roop mean mil jayaga. abhi to vah ghut-ghut kar rah raha hai, vah apane dharm ko, dharm aur eeshnar ko eeshvar nahian kah pata hai, yani apane astitv ko khulakar svikar nahian kar pata hai. shri chaitany ne ek or to eeshvar ko apane yahaan ke karmakand ki jatilataoan se mukt karake jan-jan ke lie sulabh bana diya tha, aur doosari or shasak varg ki dhamakiyoan se lok-astha ko mukt kiya.[2]

bachapan

nimaee (chaitany mahaprabhu) bachapan se hi vilakshan pratibha sanpann the. sath hi, atyant saral, suandar v bhavuk bhi the. inake dvara ki gee lilaoan ko dekhakar har koee hataprabh ho jata tha. bahut kam umr mean hi nimaee nyay v vyakaran mean parangat ho ge the. inhoanne kuchh samay tak nadiya mean skool sthapit karake adhyapan kary bhi kiya. nimaee balyavastha se hi bhagavad chiantan mean lin rahakar ram v krishn ka stuti gan karane lage the. 15-16 varsh ki avastha mean inaka vivah lakshmi devi ke sath hua. san 1505 mean sarpadansh se patni ki mrityu ho gee. vansh chalane ki vivashata ke karan inaka doosara vivah navadvip ke rajapandit sanatan ki putri vishnupriya ke sath hua. jab ye kishoravastha mean the, tabhi inake pita ka nidhan ho gaya. chaitany ke b de bhaee vishvaroop ne balyavastha mean hi sannyas le liya tha, at: n chahate hue bhi chaitany ko apani mata ki suraksha ke lie chaubis varsh ki avastha tak grihasth ashram ka palan karana p da. kaha jata hai ki inaka vivah vallabhachary ki suputri se hua tha.
chaitany mahaprabhu ko dandavat pranam karate hue roop gosvami aur sanatan gosvami
apane samay mean sambhavat: inake saman aisa koee doosara achary nahian tha, jisane lokamat ko chaitany ke saman prabhavit kiya ho. pashchim bangal mean advaitachary aur nityanand ko tatha mathura mean roop gosvami aur sanatan gosvami ko apane prachar ka bhar sanbhalavakar chaitany nilachal (katak) mean chale ge aur vahaan 12 varsh tak lagatar jagannath ki bhakti aur pooja mean lage rahe. mahaprabhu ke antakal ka adhikarik vivaran nishchayatmak roop se upalabdh nahian hota hai. 48 varsh ki alpayu mean unaka dehaant ho gaya. mridang ki tal par kirtan karane vale chaitany ke anuyayiyoan ki sankhya aj bhi poore bharat mean paryapt hai.