हिन्दू

hindoo athava 'hindu' shabd ka paryay hai, hindoo dharm mean astha rakhane vala. usake lie yah avashyak nahian hai ki vah kisi vishesh mat-matantar ka manane vala ho. samajik jivan mean hindoo ki bahari pahachan sirf is bat se hoti hai ki vah jati-vyavastha ko manata hai.

bharatavarsh mean basane vali prachin jatiyoan ka samoohik nam hindoo tatha unake samashtivadi dharm ka bhav hindutv hai. jab musalaman akramanakari jatiyoan ne is desh mean apana rajy sthapit kiya aur basana prarambh kiya, tab ve musalamanoan se itar logoan ko apane se prithak karane ke lie samoohik roop se hindoo tatha unake dharm ko hindoo mazahab (dharm) kahane lage. yooropiyoan aur aangrezoan ne bhi is parampara ko jari rakha. unhoanne bharatiy janata ko chhinn-bhinn rakhane ke lie usako do bhagoan baanta- muslim tatha gair muslim arthath 'hindoo'. is prakar adhunik yatravarnan, itihas, rajaniti, dharm vivaran adi mean bharat ki muslimetar janata ka nam 'hindoo' tatha unake dharm ka nam 'hindoo dharm' prasiddh ho gaya.

isamean sandeh nahian ki 'hindoo' shabd bharatiy itihas mean apekshakrit bahut arvachin aur videshi hai. prachin sanskrit sahity mean isaka prayog nahian milata. ek atyant paravarti tantragranth, 'merutantr' mean isaka ullekh paya jata hai. isaka sandarbh nimnaankit hai-

panchakhana saptamira nav saha mahabala:.
hindoodharmapraloptaro jayante chakravartin:..
hinan dooshayatyev hindurityuchyate priye.
poorvamnaye navashataan shadashiti: prakirtita:..[1]


uparyukt sandarbh mean 'hindoo' shabd ki jo vyutpatti di gee hai, vah hai- 'hinan dooshayati s hindoo' arthath jo hin (hinata athava nichata) ko dooshit samajhata (usaka tyag karata) hai, vah hindoo hai. isamean sandeh nahian ki yah yaugik vyutpatti arvachin hai, kyoanki isaka prayog videshi akramanakariyoan ke sandarbh mean kiya gaya hai.

devi-devata

hinduoan mean asankhy devi-devataoan ki pooja-aradhana ki jati hai. inake nimitt hindoo purush aur striyaan vibhinn vrat adi bhi karate haian. hindoo dharm mean many kuchh pramukh devi-devataoan ke nam nimnalikhit haian-

devi- uma, kali, durga, parvati, lakshmi, sarasvati, annapoorna, svaha, yogamaya, santoshi, chamuanda tatha rriddhi siddhi adi.

devata- brahma, vishnu, mahesh, agnidev, ashvinikumar, indr, kamadev, kartikey, ganesh, garu d, chandr, vishvedev, adityagan, balaram, yamaraj, soory, shani, hanuman, varun, vayu, vishnu tatha somadev adi.

avatar- kalki, koorm, krishn, buddh, nrisianh, parashuram, matsy, ram, varah, vaman.