राधाकुण्ड गोवर्धन

radhakund govardhan
radhakund, govardhan, mathura
vivaran shriradhakund govardhan se pray: 3 mil uttar–poorv kon mean sthit hai aur vrindavan tatha mathura donoan se yah lagabhag 14 mil ki doori par avasthit hai. padm puran ke anusar yah shrikrishn ka atyant priy sthan hai.
rajy uttar pradesh
zila mathura
prasiddhi hindoo dharmik sthal
kab jaean radhashtami, kartik krishnashtami, dipavali.
bas adda govardhan bas adda
yatayat bas, kar, aauto adi
kya dekhean govardhan, kusum sarovar, chakaleshvar mahadev, danaghati, pooanchhari ka lautha, manasi ganga, uddhav kund.
kahaan thaharean hotal tatha dharmashalaean adi.
kya kharidean thakur ji ki shrriangar samagri v pratimaean
es.ti.di. kod 0565
savadhani parikrama karate samay jebakataroan se savadhan rahean.
sanbandhit lekh mathura, govardhan, krishn, lalita sakhi, radha, visakha sakhi, vrindavan, chaitany mahaprabhu, raghunathadas gosvami, shriroop gosvami adi.
any janakari shriradhakund govardhan parvat ki talahati mean shobhayaman hai, kartik mah ki krishnashtami ke din yahaan snan karane vale shraddhaluoan ko shriradha–kunjabihari shrihari ki sevamayi premabhakti prapt hoti hai.
adyatan‎

padm puran mean kaha gaya hai ki jis prakar samast gopiyoan mean radhaji shrikrishn ko sarvadhik priy haian, unaki sarvadhik pranavallabha haian, usi prakar radha ji ka priy kund bhi unhean atyant priy hai.[1]aur bhi varah puran mean hai ki[2]he shriradhakund! he shrikrishnakund! ap donoan samast papoan ko kshay karane vale tatha apane premaroop kaivaly ko dene vale haian. apako pun:-pun: namaskar hai in donoan kundoan ka mahatmy vibhinn puranoan mean prachur roop se ullikhit hai. shri raghunathadas gosvami yahaan tak kahate haian ki brajamandal ki anyany lilasthaliyoan ki to bat hi kya, shri vrindavan jo rasamayi rasasthali ke karan param suramy hai tatha shriman govardhan bhi jo rasamayi ras aur yugal ki rahasyamayi keli–kri da ke sthal haian, ye donoan bhi shrimukund ke pranoan se bhi adhik priy shriradhakund ki mahima ke aansh ke aansh lesh matr bhi barabari nahian kar sakate. aise shriradhakund mean maian ashray grahan karata hooan.[3]


shriradhakund govardhan se pray: 3 mil uttar–poorv kon mean sthit hai. gaanv ka nam arit hai. yahian arishtasur ka vadh hua tha. kans ka yah anuchar bail ya saand ka roop dharan kar krishn ko marana chahata tha, kintu krishn ne yahian par isaka vadh kar diya tha. vrindavan aur mathura donoan se yah 14 mil ki doori par avasthit hai. shriradhakund shriradha-krishn yugal ke madhyahrak–lilavilas ka sthal hai. yahaan shriradha-krishn ki svachchhandatapoorvak nana prakar ki keli–kri daean sampann hoti haian. jo anyatr kahian bhi sambhav nahian hai. isalie ise nandagaanv, barasana, vrindavan aur govardhan se bhi shreshth bhajan ka sthal mana gaya hai. isalie shriradhabhav evan kanti suvalit shrichaitany mahaprabhu ne svayan is paramochch bhavayukt rahasyamay sthal ka prakash kiya hai. unase poorv shrimadhavendrapuri, shrilokanath gosvami, shribhoogarbh gosvami shri braj mean aye aur krishn ki vibhinn lilasthaliyoan ka prakash kiya kintu unhoanne bhi is paramochch rahasyamayi sthali ka prakash nahian kiya. svayan shriradha-krishn militatanu shrigaurasundar ne hi isaka prakash kiya.

shriradhakund govardhan, mathura

katha-prasang

shrikrishn ne jis din arishtasur ka vadh kiya, usi din ratrikal mean isi sthal par shrikrishn ke sath shri radhika adi priyaoan ka milan hua. shrikrishn ne b de atur hokar radhika ka aliangan karane ke lie apane kar pallavoan ko badhaya, us samay radhika parihas karati hueean pichhe hat gayian aur bolian– aj tumane ek vrish (govansh) ki hatya ki hai isalie tumhean go hatya ka pap laga hai, at: mere pavitr aangoan ka sparsh mat karo. kintu krishn ne muskarate hue uttar diya– priyatame! maianne ek asur ka vadh kiya hai. usane chhalakar saand ka vesh bana liya tha. at: mujhe pap kaise sparsh kar sakata hai? radhika ne kaha- jaisa bhi ho tumane saand ke roop mean hi use mara hai. at: go hatya ka pap avashy hi tumhean sparsh kar raha hai. sakhiyoan ne bhi isaka anumodan kiya. prayashchitt ka upay poochhane par radhika ji ne muskarate hue bhoomandal ke samast tirthoan mean snan ko hi prayashchitt batalaya. aisa sunakar shrikrishn ne apani e di ki chot se ek vishal kund ka nirman kar usamean bhoomandal ke sare tirthoan ko ahvan kiya, sath hi sath asankhy tirth roop dharan kar vahaan upasthit hue. krishn ne unhean jalaroop se us kund mean pravesh karane ko kaha. kund tatkshanat param pavitr evan nirmal jal se paripoorn ho gaya. shrikrishn us kund mean snan kar radhika ji ko pun: sparsh karane ke lie agrasar hue: kintu radhika svayan usase bhi sundar jalapoorn vrihad kund ko prakash kar priyatam ke asphalan ka uttar dena chahati thian, isalie unhoanne tunak-kar pas mean hi sakhiyoan ke sath apane kankan ke dvara ek param manohar kund ka nirman kiya kintu usamean ek booand bhi jal nahian nikala. krishn ne parihas karate hue gopiyoan ko apane kund se jal lene ke lie kaha, kintu radhika ji apani aganit sakhiyoan ke sath gh de lekar manasi ganga se pani bhar lane ke lie prastut hueean, kintu shrikrishn ne tirthoan ko marg mean satyagrah karane ke lie iangit kiya tirthoan ne roop dharanakar sakhiyoan sahit radhika ji ki bahut-si stutiyaan kian, radhikaji ne prasann hokar apane kund mean unhean pravesh karane ki anumati di. sath hi sath tirthoan ke jal pravah ne krishnakund se radhakund ko bhi paripoorn kar diya. shrikrishn ne radhika evan sakhiyoan ke sath is priy kund mean ullasapoorvak snan evan jal vihar kiya. ardharatri ke samay donoan kundoan ka prakash hua tha. us din kartik mah ki krishnashtami thi, at: us bahulashtami ki arddharatri mean lakhoan log yahaan snan karate haian.

braj yatra radhakund aur barasana

shriradhakund govardhan parvat ki talahati mean shobhayaman hai, kartik mah ki krishnashtami[4] ke din yahaan snan karane vale shraddhaluoan ko shriradha–kunjabihari shrihari ki sevamayi premabhakti prapt hoti hai.[5] kartik mah ki dipavali ke din shriradhakund mean shriradha-krishn ke ekantik bhaktoan ko akhilabrahmand tatha sampoorn brajamandal dikh p data hai.[6]

kundoan ka uddhar

kuchh samay bad shrikrishn ke dvaraka gaman ke pashchat ye donoan kund lupt ho gaye the. maharaj vajranabh ne krishn ke prapaut shandily adi rrishiyoan ke anugaty mean braj ki lilasthaliyoan ko prakash karate samay in donoan kundoan ka bhi pun: uddhar kiya, kintu paanch hazar varshoan ke pashchat ye donoan kund pun: lupt ho gaye. jis samay shri chaitany mahaprabhu yahaan padhare, us samay yahaan ke logoan se radhakund evan shyamakund ke vishay mean poochha kintu ve log isake sambandh mean kuchh bhi nahian bata sake keval itana hi bataya ki samane kalikhet evan gaurikhet haian, jahaan kuchh-kuchh jal hai. mahaprabhu ne b de adar ke sath kalikhet ko shyamakund aur gaurikhet ko radhakund sambodhan kar pranam kiya. unamean snan karate hi ve bhav-vibhor ho uthe, unaka sara dhairy jata raha, ve ha radhe! ha krishn! kahate hue moorchchhit ho gaye. jis sthan par ve baithe the vah aj bhi tamalatala ke nam se prasiddh hai. use mahaprabhu ji ki vaithak bhi kaha jata hai.


shrichaitany mahaprabhu ke aprakat hone ke prashchat raghunathadas gosvami jagannathapuri se radhakund mean akar bhajan karane lage, ek samay mugal samrat akabar, apani b di sena ke sath isi raste se kahian ja raha tha, sari sena, usake hathi, gho de, ooant sabhi bahut pyase the. usane das gosvamiji se poochha– kahian b da sarovar upalabdh ho sakata hai? unhoanne kalikhet evan gaurikhet mean pani pine evan pilane ke lie iangit kiya. badashah ne socha yah pani usake ek hathi ke lie bhi paryapt nahian hai, isamean sabhi ki pyas kaise bujh sakati hai? kintu das gosvami ke pun:–pun: kahane se usane dekha ki sari senaean, gho de, hathi aur ooant us jal se tript ho gaye, jal tanik bhi kam nahian hua. badashah ke ashchary ki sima nahian rahi.