चैतन्य महाप्रभु

chaitany mahaprabhu
poora nam chaitany mahaprabhu
any nam vishvambhar mishr, shrikrishn chaitany chandr, nimaee, gauraang, gaur hari, gaur suandar
janm 18 faravari sanh 1486[1] (phalgun, shuklapaksh, poornima)
janm bhoomi navadvip (nadiya zila), pashchim bangal
mrityu sanh 1534
mrityu sthan puri, u disa
abhibhavak jagannath mishr aur shachi devi
pati/patni lakshmi devi aur vishnupriya
karm bhoomi vrindavan
vishay krishn bhakti
prasiddhi chaitany sagun bhakti ko mahattv dete the. bhagavan ka vah sagun roop, jo aparimey shaktiyoan aur gunoan se poorn hai, unhean many raha.
nagarikata bharatiy
sanbandhit lekh 'chaitany sampraday', 'vaishnav sampraday', 'chaitany bhagavat', 'chaitany charitamrit', 'chaitany charitavali', 'vrindavanadas thakur', 'krishnadas kaviraj', 'prabhudatt brahmachari'
any janakari mahaprabhu chaitany ke vishay mean vrindavanadas dvara rachit 'chaitany bhagavat' namak granth mean achchhi samagri upalabdh hoti hai. ukt granth ka laghu sanskaran krishnadas ne 1590 mean 'chaitany charitamrit' shirshak se likha tha. shri prabhudatt brahmachari dvara likhit 'shri shri chaitany-charitavali' gita pres gorakhapur ne chhapi hai.
bahari k diyaan chaitany mahaprabhu -amritalal nagar

chaitany mahaprabhu (janm: 18 faravari san 1486[1] - mrityu: sanh 1534) bhaktikal ke pramukh santoan mean se ek haian. inhoanne vaishnavoan ke gau diy sanpraday ki adharashila rakhi. bhajan gayaki ki ek nayi shaili ko janm diya tatha rajanitik asthirata ke dinoan mean hindoo-muslim ekata ki sadbhavana ko bal diya, jati-paant, ooanch-nich ki bhavana ko door karane ki shiksha di tatha vilupt vrindavan ko phir se basaya. mahaprabhu chaitany ke vishay mean vrindavanadas dvara rachit 'chaitany bhagavat' namak granth mean achchhi samagri upalabdh hoti hai. ukt granth ka laghu sanskaran krishnadas ne 1590 mean 'chaitany charitamrit' shirshak se likha tha. shri prabhudatt brahmachari dvara likhit 'shri shri chaitany-charitavali' 'gita pres gorakhapur' ne chhapi hai.

jivan parichay

chaitany mahaprabhu ka janm san 18 faravari san 1486[1]ki phalgun, shuklapaksh, poornima ko pashchim bangal ke navadvip (nadiya) namak us gaanv mean hua, jise ab 'mayapur' kaha jata hai. balyavastha mean inaka nam vishvanbhar tha, parantu sabhi inhean 'nimaee' kahakar pukarate the. gauravarn ka hone ke karan log inhean 'gauraang', 'gaur hari', 'gaur suandar' adi bhi kahate the. chaitany mahaprabhu ke dvara gau diy vaishnav sanpraday ki adharashila rakhi gee. unake dvara praranbh kie ge mahamantr 'nam sankirtan' ka atyant vyapak v sakaratmak prabhav aj pashchimi jagat tak mean hai. kavi karnapur krit 'chaitany chandroday' ke anusar inhoanne keshav bharati namak sannyasi se diksha li thi. kuchh log madhavendr puri ko inaka diksha guru manate haian. inake pita ka nam jagannath mishr v maan ka nam shachi devi tha.

janm kal

chaitany ke janmakal ke kuchh pahale subuddhi ray gau d ke shasak the. unake yahaan alauddin husainashah namak ek pathan naukar tha. raja subuddhiray ne kisi rajakaj ko sampadit karane ke lie use rupaya diya. husainakhaan ne vah rakam kha pikar barabar kar di. raja subuddhiray ko jab yah pata chala to unhoanne dand svaroop husainakhaan ki pith par ko de lagavaye. husainakhaan chidh gaya. usane shadyantr rach kar raja subuddhiray ko hata diya. ab husain khaan pathan gau d ka raja tha aur subuddhiray usaka kaidi. husainakhaan ki patni ne apane pati se kaha ki purane apaman ka badala lene ke lie raja ko mar dalo. parantu husainakhaan ne aisa n kiya. vah bahut hi dhoort tha, usane raja ko jabaradasti musalaman ke hath se pakaya aur laya hua bhojan karane par badhy kiya. vah janata tha ki isake bad koee hindoo subuddhiray ko apane samaj mean shamil nahian karega. is prakar subuddhiray ko jivanmrit dhang se apaman bhare din bitane ke lie ‘ekadam mukt’ chho dakar husainakhaan husainashah ban gaya.
chaitany mahaprabhu mandir, govardhan, mathura

isake bad to phir kisi hindoo raj-rajava de mean chooan tak karane ka sahas nahian rah gaya tha. ve sadharan-se-sadharan musalaman se bhi ghabarane lage. phir bhi hare hue logoan ke man mean din-rat saanp lotate hi raha karate the. nirantar yatr-tatr visphot hua hi karate the. isilie raja aur praja mean prabal roop se ek sandehoan bhara nata panap gaya. san 1480 ke lagabhag nadiya (navadvip) ke durbhagy se husainashah ke kanoan mean bar-bar yah bhanak p di ki nadiya ke brahman apane jantar-mantar se husainashah ka takhta palatane ke lie koee b da bhari anushthan kar rahe haian. sunate-sunate ek din husainashah chidh utha. usane ek prabal musalaman sena nadiya ka dharmatej nasht karane ke lie bhej di. nadiya aur usake as-pas brahman ke gaanv-ke-gaanv gher liye gaye. unhoanne un par avarnaniy atyachar kiye. usake mandir, pustakalay aur sare dharmik evan jnan-moolak sanskaroan ke chihn mitane arambh kiye. striyoan ka satitv bhang kiya. paramapoojy evan pratishthit brahmanoan ki shikhaean pak d-pak d kar un par latean jamaeean, thooka; tarah-tarah se apamanit kiya. husainashah ki sena ne jhund ke jhund brahman parivaroan ko ek sath kalama padhane par majaboor kiya. bachche se lekar boodhe tak nar-nari ko hothoan se nishiddh maans ka sparsh karakar unhean apane purane dharm mean punah pravesh karane layaq n rakha. nadiya ke anek mahapandit, b de-b de vidvan samay rahate hue saubhagyavash idhar-udhar bhag gaye. parivar bant gaye, koee kahian, koee kahian. dhire-dhire shaanti hone par kuchh log phir laut aye aur jas-tas jivan nirvah karane lage. dharm ab unake lie sarvajanik nahian gopaniy-sa ho gaya tha. tij-tyoharoan mean vah pahale ka-sa ras nahian raha. pata nahian kaun kahaan kaise apaman kar de. log sahami khisiyaee huee zindagi basar kar rahe the.

anastha ki is bhayavani marubhoomi mean bhi hariyali ek jagah chhote se tapoo ka roop lekar sanjivani siddh ho rahi thi. nadiya mean kuchh itane ine-gine log aise bhi the, jo eeshvar aur usaki banaee huee duniya ke prati apana adig, utkat aur apar prem arpit karate hi jate the. khisiyane panditoan ki nagari mean ye kuchh ine-gine vaishnav log chidha-chidha kar vinod ke patr bana diye gaye the. charoan or manushy ke lie har kahian aandhera-hi-aandhera chhaya hua tha. lok-laanchhit vaishnav jan tab bhi hari-bhakt the. yah sanyog ki bat hai ki shri gauraang (chaitany mahaprabhu) ka janm poorn chandragrahan ke samay hua tha. us samay nadi mean snan, karate dabe-dabe hare ram, hare krishn japate, akashachari rahugrast chandr ki khair manate sarvahara nar-nari jan yah nahian janate the ki unhian ke nagar ki ek gali mean vah chandr uday ho chuka hai, jisaki prem chaandani mean varshoan se chhipa khoya hua vijit samaj ka anant shraddha se poojit, manushy ke jine ka ekamatr sahara–eeshvar unhean phir se ujagar roop mean mil jayaga. abhi to vah ghut-ghut kar rah raha hai, vah apane dharm ko, dharm aur eeshnar ko eeshvar nahian kah pata hai, yani apane astitv ko khulakar svikar nahian kar pata hai. shri chaitany ne ek or to eeshvar ko apane yahaan ke karmakand ki jatilataoan se mukt karake jan-jan ke lie sulabh bana diya tha, aur doosari or shasak varg ki dhamakiyoan se lok-astha ko mukt kiya.[2]

bachapan

nimaee (chaitany mahaprabhu) bachapan se hi vilakshan pratibha sanpann the. sath hi, atyant saral, suandar v bhavuk bhi the. inake dvara ki gee lilaoan ko dekhakar har koee hataprabh ho jata tha. bahut kam umr mean hi nimaee nyay v vyakaran mean parangat ho ge the. inhoanne kuchh samay tak nadiya mean skool sthapit karake adhyapan kary bhi kiya. nimaee balyavastha se hi bhagavad chiantan mean lin rahakar ram v krishn ka stuti gan karane lage the. 15-16 varsh ki avastha mean inaka vivah lakshmi devi ke sath hua. san 1505 mean sarpadansh se patni ki mrityu ho gee. vansh chalane ki vivashata ke karan inaka doosara vivah navadvip ke rajapandit sanatan ki putri vishnupriya ke sath hua. jab ye kishoravastha mean the, tabhi inake pita ka nidhan ho gaya. chaitany ke b de bhaee vishvaroop ne balyavastha mean hi sannyas le liya tha, at: n chahate hue bhi chaitany ko apani mata ki suraksha ke lie chaubis varsh ki avastha tak grihasth ashram ka palan karana p da. kaha jata hai ki inaka vivah vallabhachary ki suputri se hua tha.
chaitany mahaprabhu ko dandavat pranam karate hue roop gosvami aur sanatan gosvami
apane samay mean sambhavat: inake saman aisa koee doosara achary nahian tha, jisane lokamat ko chaitany ke saman prabhavit kiya ho. pashchim bangal mean advaitachary aur nityanand ko tatha mathura mean roop gosvami aur sanatan gosvami ko apane prachar ka bhar sanbhalavakar chaitany nilachal (katak) mean chale ge aur vahaan 12 varsh tak lagatar jagannath ki bhakti aur pooja mean lage rahe. mahaprabhu ke antakal ka adhikarik vivaran nishchayatmak roop se upalabdh nahian hota hai. 48 varsh ki alpayu mean unaka dehaant ho gaya. mridang ki tal par kirtan karane vale chaitany ke anuyayiyoan ki sankhya aj bhi poore bharat mean paryapt hai.

krishn bhakti

chaitany ko inake anuyayi krishn ka avatar bhi manate rahe haian. san 1509 mean jab ye apane pita ka shraddh karane bihar ke gaya nagar mean ge, tab vahaan inaki mulaqat eeshvarapuri namak sant se huee. unhoanne nimaee se 'krishn-krishn' ratane ko kaha. tabhi se inaka sara jivan badal gaya aur ye har samay bhagavan shrikrishn ki bhakti mean lin rahane lage. bhagavan shrikrishn ke prati inaki anany nishtha v vishvas ke karan inake asankhy anuyayi ho ge. sarvapratham nityanand prabhu v advaitachary maharaj inake shishy bane. in donoan ne nimaee ke bhakti aandolan ko tivr gati pradan ki. nimaee ne apane in donoan shishyoan ke sahayog se dholak, mridang, jhaanjh, manjire adi vady yantr bajakar v uchch svar mean nach-gakar 'hari nam sankirtan' karana praranbh kiya. hare-krishn, hare-krishn, krishn-krishn, hare-hare. hare-ram, hare-ram, ram-ram, hare-hare namak solah shabdiy kirtan mahamantr nimaee ki hi den hai. inaka poora nam 'vishvambhar mishr' aur kahian 'shrikrishn chaitanyachandr' milata hai. chaubisavean varsh ki samapti par inhoanne vairagy le liya. ve karmakaand ke virodhi aur shrikrishn ke prati astha ke samarthak the. chaitany mat ka ek nam 'gaudiy vaishnav mat' bhi hai. chaitany ne apane jivan ka shesh bhag prem aur bhakti ka prachar karane mean lagaya. unake panth ka dvar sabhi ke lie khula tha. hindoo aur musalaman sabhi ne unaka shishyatv grahan kiya. inake anuyayi chaitany ko 'vishnu ka avatar' manate haian. apane jivan ke atharah varsh unhoanne u disa mean bitaye. chhah varsh tak ve dakshin bharat, vrindavan adi sthanoan mean vicharan karate rahe. chh: varsh mathura se jagannath tak ke suvistrit pradesh mean apane siddhaantoan ka prachar kiya tatha krishn bhakti ki or logoan ko pravritt kiya.

vyavaharik prabhav

chaitany mahaprabhu mandir, govardhan, mathura

chaitany mahaprabhu ne 'achinty bhedabhedavad' ka pravartan kiya, kintu pramanik roop se inaka koee granth upalabdh nahian hota.any sampradayoan ke pravartakoan ne apane mat ki pushti ke lie bhashy aur any granth likhe haian, jabaki chaitany ne brahmasootr, gita adi par bhi bhashy nahian likhe. at: yah ashcharyajanak bat hi hai ki bhashy adi ki rachana n karane par bhi mahaprabhu chaitany ko ek b de bhari sampraday ka pravartak mana gaya. yah sambhavat: is karan sambhav hua ki inaka mat atyadhik bhavatmak raha, at: usako am logoan ka samarthan prapt ho gaya. is prakar yah bhi kaha ja sakata hai ki chaitany mahaprabhu ka acharyatv shastr vishleshan par utana adharit nahian, jitana ki unake vyavaharik prabhav par adharit raha. inake uttaravarti shishyoan ne us shastriy adhar ke abhav ki bhi poorti kar di, jo bhashy ki rachana n karane ke karan is sampraday mean chal raha tha. bhakti ko adhar banakar chaitany ne yathapi koee nee parampara nahian chalaee, phir bhi bhavavihlata ka jitana put chaitany ne bhakti mean milaya, utana kisi any ne nahian. mahaprabhu ne samay samay par ath shlok kahe ve sab mahaprabhu rachit hi bataye jate hai. vaishnav mandali mean ve ath shlok "shikshashtak ke nam se atyant hi lokapriy haian. vallabhachary adi ne dharm ke aur bhakti kevidhanatmak paksh ko mahattv diya tha, jabaki chaitany ne bhavatmak paksh ko prashray diya. chaitany ki vicharadhara par paancharatr sahity, bhagavat, puran tatha git govind ka sarvadhik prabhav p da. vibhinn roopoan mean prachalit aur lipibaddh krishn katha ne unake vyaktitv ko bhitari bhag tak avashy hi chhua hoga. yoan to sara bharat hi chaitany se prabhavit hua, kintu pashchim bangal ka janajivan to unaki vicharadhara ke sath amoolachool ekakar ho gaya. phalasvaroop n keval hindoo apitu tatkalin musalaman bhi unake mat se prabhavit hue bina n rah sake. bhakti bhavana ke apekshakrit hras ke bavajood ab bhi chaitany ka prabhav samaj mean lagatar akshunn bana hua hai. mahaprabhu ki prabhuta badhane aur banae rakhane mean unaki sundarata, mriduta, sahasikata, soojhaboojh, vidvatta aur shalinata ka b da hath raha hai.

mahaprabhu ke pramukh siddhaant

chaitany mahaprabhu apane mat ki shastriy vyakhyaoan mean adhik nahian ulajhe, phir bhi unake pravachanoan ke adhar par unake anuyayiyoan ne is sampraday ki manyataoan ka jo vishleshan kiya, usake anusar achiny bhedabhedavad mean nirdisht pramukh tattvoan ka svaroop nimnalikhit roop se samajha ja sakata hai.
guru poornima par chaitany vaishnav sangh ke shraddhalu, govardhan, mathura

brahm

chaitany ke anusar brahm ka svaroop vishuddh anandatmak hai. brahm vishesh hai aur usaki any shaktiyaan visheshan haian. shaktiyoan se vishisht brahm ko hi bhagavan kaha jata hai.[3] brahm, eeshvar, bhagavan aur paramatma ye sanjnaean ek hi tattv ki haian. achinty bhedabhedavadi acharyoan ne apane granthoan mean jis tattv ko eeshvar kaha hai, vah brahm hi hai. eeshvar ek aur bahubhav se abhinn hone par bhi gun aur gunoan tatha deh aur dehi bhav se bhinn bhi hai. gun aur guni ka paraspar abhed bhi mana jata hai, isalie brahm gunatma bhi kahalata hai. bhed jal aur usaki tarangoan ki bhinnata ke saman hai. jagat ki utpatti, sthiti aur lay ka adhar bhi brahm hi hai. vahi jagat ka upadan tatha nimitt karan hai. brahm ki tin shaktiyaan mani gee haian. para, apara aur avidya. para shakti ke karan brahm jagat ka nimitt karan hai tatha apara aur avidya (maya) shakti ke karan brahm jagat ka upadan karan mana jata hai. abhivyakti ki drishti se brahm ki shakti ke tin roop haian- sevith, sanghini aur hladini. chaitany ke anusar brahm aishvary aur madhury donoan se hi yukt hai. yahi karan hai ki 'shatsandarbh' ke lekhak ne krishn ke vigrah ko bhi brahm se abhinn manane ka prayas kiya aur krishn ko hi paramashakti bataya. jiv gosvami ke kathananusar brahm jagat ke srashta ke roop mean bhagavan kahalata hai. baladev vidyabhooshan satta, mahatta aur sneh ki avasthiti ke karan brahm ko hi 'hari', 'narayan' ya 'krishn' kahate haian.

jagat

chaitany ke anusar jagat ki srishti brahm ki avidya athava maya shakti ke dvara hoti hai. jagat eeshvar se bhinn hote hue bhi usake adhin hone ke karan abhinn hai. jagat 'bhram' nahian apitu 'saty' hai. prakriti aur maya ko chaitany sampraday mean abhinn mana gaya hai. at: prakriti ko brahm ki shakti kaha gaya hai. pralay kal mean bhi prakriti ki sthiti sookshm roop mean bani rahati hai. at: prapanch brahm se n to poornataya bhinn hai aur n hi abhinn. vastut: inaki bhinnabhinnatatmakata achinty haian-

svaroopadhabhinnatven chintayitumashakyatvad bhed:, bhinnatven chintayitumashakyatvadabhedashch pratiyate iti shaktimatobhedabhedadaanvanrgikrito tau ch achintyau.[4]
guru poornima par shraddhaluoan ka bhajan-kirtan, govardhan, mathura

chaitany jagat ko n to shashvat manate haian aur n hi mithya. yadi jagat nity mana jaye to karyakaran sambandhoan ki avasthiti nahian mani ja sakati. yadi jagat ko mithya mana jaye to mithya se mithya ki utpatti manana asangat hi hai. at: chaitany ka yah vichar hai ki jagat apane mool (nimitt karan) mean avyakt roop se rahata hai, us avastha mean vah nity hai kintu vyaktavastha mean vah anity hai.

jiv

chaitany ke anusar jiv brahm se prithak hai. yah anu parinam hai. jiv mean sattv, rajash tatha tamash ye tinoan gun vidyaman rahate haian. brahm pralay ke anantar 'ekoahan bahusyamh' ki ichchha se jiv ki pushti karata hai. jiv apane svaroop ko maya ke karan bhool jata hai. jis prakar soory ki kiranean soory se prithak nahian haian, usi prakar jiv bhi vastav mean brahm se prithak nahian hai, kintu abhivyakti ke samay jiv ki prithak satta se inkar nahian kiya ja sakata. chaitany ke anusar jiv brahm ki abhivyakti hai, abhas nahian. bhakti ke dvara jiv apane mool svaroop ko prapt kar sakata hai. jiv bhi anu chaitany hai, vah nity hai. baladev vidyabhooshan ke anusar eeshvar, jiv, prakriti aur kal ye char padarth nity haian aur in charoan mean se antim tin pratham ke adhin haian. isi karan jiv ko eeshvar ki 'shakti' aur brahm ko 'shaktiman' bhi kaha ja sakata hai. chaitany ne jivatattv ko shakti aur krishn tattv ko shaktiman kaha hai. jiv do prakar ke hote haian, nityamukt aur nity sansari.

maya

chaitany matanuyayiyoan ne maya ko brahm ki parinam shakti kaha aur usake do bhed batae-

tatr sa mayakhya parinam shaktishch dvividha varnyate,
nimittasho maya upadanaansh: pradhanamh iti. tatr kevala
shaktirnimittamh, tad vyoohamayi toopadanamiti vivek:.[5]

guru poornima par bhajan-kirtan karate shraddhalu, govardhan, mathura

brahm ki parinam shakti ke nimittaansh ko nimitt maya aur upadanaansh ko upadarnamaya bhi kaha gaya hai. nimitt maya ke kal, daiv, karm aur svabhav ke char bhed bataye ge haian aur upadan bhasha mean dravy, kshetr, pran, atmanh aur vikar ka samavesh mana gaya hai.

moksh

chaitany ke matanusar bhakti hi mukti ka sadhan hai. jiv do prakar ke hote haian, nity mukt aur nity sansari. nity mukt jivoan par maya ka prabhav nahian p data aur brahm ki svaroop shakti ke adhin ve sada mukt rahate haian. nity sansari jiv maya ke adhin rahate haian. aise jivoan ke do bhed hote haian, bahirmukh aur vidveshi. bahirmukh jivoan ke do bhed haian- aruchigrast aur vaikrityagrast. maya grast jivoan ka moksh anek yoniyoan mean bhraman karane ke anantar satsang se sanbhav hota hai. jyoanhi maya grast jiv maya ke bandhan se chhootane ka upakram karata hai, tyauanhi bhagavan bhi us par apani kripa nyauchhavar kar dete haian. chaitany matanuyayiyoan ke anusar mukti paanch prakar hoti hai-

  1. saloky
  2. sarshti
  3. saroopy
  4. samipy
  5. sayujy.

in sab muktiyoan mean se sayujy ko sarvadhik mahattvapoorn mana gaya hai. advaitavadiyoan ke anusar to yah (sayujy mukti) moksh hi hai, yani jiv ki prithak satta ka is avastha mean avasan ho jata hai. kintu chaitany matanuyayiyoan ke anusar jiv ka kabhi brahm mean vilay nahian hota, sayujy mukti mean bhi brahm aur jiv ka nity sahastitv bana rahata hai. yadyapi gau diy vaishnav matanusar jiv ke brahm mean shashvat vilay ka sarvatha nishedh nahian kiya gaya hai, kintu ve is prakar ke vilay se bhi adhik mahattv us sthiti ko dete haian, jisamean jiv brahm ke sath sahastitv ka anand uthata rahe. kintu us avastha mean jiv brahm se bhinn rahata hai ya abhinn. yah prashn ya isaka uttar chaitany matanuyayiyoan ke anusar 'achinty' hai.

achintyashakti ka arth

guru poornima par shraddhaluoan ka bhajan-kirtan, govardhan, mathura

chaitany ke mat ko achinty bhedabhedavad ke nam se pukara jata hai. at: yah janana bhi avashyak hai ki achinty ka arth kya hai.

  • shridhar svami ke anusar achinty vah jnan hai, jo tarkagamy nahian hota. 'achintyamh tarkasahan yajnajnanamh.'
  • jabaki jiv gosvami ke anusar achinty ka arth hai- :'arthapattigamy'- 'bhinnabhinnatvadivikalpeshchintayitumashaky: kevalamarthapatti jnanagochar:.'
jiv gosvami ne bhagavat sandarbh mean yah bhi kaha hai ki vah shakti jo asambhav ko bhi sambhav bana de athava abhed mean bhi bhed ka darshan karava de, achinty kahalati hai.
  • "durghataghatakatvamh achintyatvamh." roop gosvami ka yah kathan hai ki purushottam mean ekatv aur prithakatv aanshatv aur aanshitv yugapad roop mean rah sakate haian. jis prakar agni mean jvalan shakti tatha jaise bhagavan shrikrishn mean solah hazar raniyoan ke samaksh ek sath hi rahane ki shakti hai, kintu usaki koee tarkik vyakhya nahian ki ja sakati, usi prakar abhed mean bhed ki satta hai, kintu usaka tarkik vishleshan nahian kiya ja sakata, vah achinty hai.
  • baladev vidyabhooshan ne achinty ki vyakhya mean vishesh shabd ka bhi sannivesh kar diya aur is prakar unhoanne abhed mean bhed ka adhar vishesh ko hi batalaya aur ek prakar se vishesh ko achinty ka paryayavachi manane ka upakram kiya.
visheshabalath tadh bhed vyavaharo bhavativisheshashch bhedapratinidhi: bhedabhaveapi tath kary pratyayyamh.[6]

chaitany matanuyayiyoan ke anusar n keval bhedabhed ke vishleshan ke lie, apitu shrutiyoan ki vyakhya ke lie bhi achinty shakti ke astitv ko svikar karana avashyak hai. udaharan ke lie brihadaranyak upanishad[7] mean kaha gaya hai- 'vijnanamh anandan brahm.' is shruti vaky mean yadi anand aur vijnan ko samanarthak mana jaye to donoan shabdoan mean se ek ka prayog vyarth ho uthega. isake viparit yadi donoan shabdoan ko samanarthak n mana jaye to brahm mean svat: hi bhed manana p dega. is samasya ka samadhan achinty shakti ke adhar par hi sambhav hai. at: chaitany ka mat, yadi 'achinty bhedabhed' nam se prasiddh hua to yah shruti vyakhyan ki drishti se bhi upayukt hi hai.

achinty bhedabhedavad ka tulanatmak vishleshan

shankar ke anusar nirvikalpak brahm hi ekamatr param saty hai aur samyak jnan hi usaki prapti ka ek matr sadhan hai. jabaki chaitany brahm ko savikalpak manate haian aur bhakti ko hi usaki prapti ka sadhan batalate haian. shankar ke anusar brahm "sath-chith-anandamay" hai.
guru poornima par shraddhaluoan ka bhajan-kirtan, govardhan, mathura
nirvikalpak pratyaksh se sath ka jnan hota hai. sath hi chinmay hai. ramanuj, vallabh aur madhv nirvikalpak jnan ki satta ko svikar nahian karate. chaitany matanuyayi jiv gosvami bhi vaise to nirvikalpak brahm ki satta ko svikar nahian karate, kintu unaka yah bhi kathan hai ki yadi nirvikalpak brahm ko manana hi ho to adhik se adhik yah kaha ja sakata hai ki vah savikalpak brahm ka apoorn darshan hai. chaitany matanuyayiyoan ke anusar brahm keval bhaktigamy hai. vallabhachary ka bhakti marg aur chaitany ka bhakti marg pray: ek jaisa hi hai. nimbark ka 'dvaitadvaitavad' aur chaitany ka 'achinty bhedabhedavad' bhi ek doosare se bahut bhinn nahian hai. madhv ke mat se to chaitany mat ka atyadhik samy spasht hota hai. shri madhv aur chaitany donoan ke matanusar brahm sagun aur sarvishesh hai. jiv anu aur sevak hai. jiv ki mukti bhakti se hoti hai. jagat saty hai aur brahm bhi jagat ka nimitt aur upadan karan hai. jiv aur brahm muktavastha mean bhi bhinn rahate haian. kintu madhv ke mat se itana samy hone par bhi chaitany ka mat is drishti se kuchh prithak hai ki chaitany ke mat mean gun aur guni bhav se jiv aur brahm ko abhinn aur bhinn mana jata hai. upasana ki drishti se bhi donoan mean yah antar hai ki jahaan madhv brahm aur jiv mean sevy-sevak bhav ko hi sphoorti manate haian, vahaan gau diy vaishnav sampraday mean brahm aur jiv ke bich dasy ke atirikt shant, sakhy, vatsaly aur madhur bhav ko bhi sthan diya gaya hai. jiv gosvami brahm ko advay jnanatattv batalate haian. advaitavadiyoan ne bhi yadyapi is prakar ke shabdoan ka prayog kiya hai kintu vahaan par shankar ka yah vichar ki brahm 'advay' hai, kyoanki usake atirikt koee doosara tattv hai hi nahian, vahaan roop gosvami ke anusar brahm advay hai, kyoanki vaisa hi koee doosara tattv brahmand mean vidyaman nahian hai.[8] jiv gosvami bhagavan ko param tattv aur brahm ko nirvishesh manate haian. brahm mean shaktiyaan avyakt roop se rahati haian. bhagavan mean ve kriyashilata ke sath rahati haian. in donoan sthitiyoan ke bich ki ek any sthiti hai, jisamean brahm ko paramatma kaha jata hai. maya shakti ka sambandh paramatma se hi hai.

bhaktiparak mat

guru poornima par shankh bajati shraddhalu yuvati, govardhan, mathura

chaitany sagun bhakti ko mahattv dete the. bhagavan ka vah sagun roop, jo aparimey shaktiyoan aur gunoan se poorn hai, unhean many raha. jiv unaki drishti mean paramatma ka shashvat aansh hote hue bhi paramatma ka sevak hai. paramatma ke anek namoan mean anek shaktiyoan ka pariganan kiya gaya hai. at: un namoan ka sankirtan hi jiv ki bandhanamukti ka ekamatr sadhan hai. chaitany ne krishn ko bhagavan ka avatar nahian, apitu svayan bhagavan mana hai. yah bhi ek ullekhaniy bat hai ki chaitany ke anuyayiyoan ne krishnadas kaviraj, vrindavan aur lochanadas ne chaitany ko krishn ka avatar mana hai, isi bhavana ke adhar par chaitany ko 'shri krishn chaitany' bhi kaha jata hai. chaitany ne bhakti ko hi moksh ka sadhan mana hai. vastut: bhagavan priti ke anubhav ko hi ve moksh manate haian, aur priti ke lie bhakti ke saman koee doosara sadhan nahian hai. bhakti ke dvara jiv eeshvar ke saman sthiti prapt kar leta hai. eeshvar se abhinn to vah nahian ho sakata, kintu bhakti ke dvara jiv ko itana adhik antarik samipy prapt ho jata hai ki jiv phir kabhi brahm ke samip se alag nahian hota.

bhakti ke lie guru ki kripa bhi avashyak hai. chaitany ke bhakti marg mean tark ka koee sthan nahian hai. chaitany ke matanusar bhakti vastut: adhyatmik sneh hai. brahm ki sanvith evan dvadinishakti ka sammishran hi bhakti hai. yadyapi jnan aur vairagy bhi mukti ke sadhan haian, kintu bhakti pramukh sadhan hai, jabaki jnan aur vairagy sahakari sadhan hai. hladini shakti ka sar hone ke karan bhakti anandaroopini hoti hai aur sanvith shakti ka sar hone ke karan bhakti jnanaroopini bhi hai. at: aisa pratit hota hai ki chaitany ke mat mean bhakti ek sadhana marg hi nahian, apitu jnan aur vijnan ka sar bhi hai. baladev vidyabhooshan ke anusar bhakti marg ki tin avasthaean haian- sadhan, bhav aur prem. indriyoan ke madhyam se ki jane vali bhakti jiv ke hriday mean bhagavat prem ko jagrit karati hai. isilie isako sadhan bhakti kaha jata hai. bhav prem ki pratham avastha ka nam hai, at: bhakti marg ki prakriya mean bhav bhakti ka doosara sthan hai. jab bhav ghanibhoot ho jata hai, tab vah prem kahalane lagata hai. yahi bhakti ki charam avastha hai aur is sopan par pahuanchane ke bad hi jiv mukti[9] ka patr banata hai. sadhan bhakti ke do bhed haian- vaidhi aur raganuga. shastriy vidhiyoan dvara pravartit bhakti vaidhi aur bhakt ke hriday mean svabhavik roop se jagrit bhakti raganuga kahalati hai.

chaitany ke matanusar bhakti ki patrata

chaitany ke matanusar bhakti ki patrata un logoan mean hi hoti hai, jo saansarik mamaloan se n to ekadam virakt hote haian, aur n hi ekadam anurakt aur bhagavan ki jo pooja aur nam sankirtan mean vishvas rakhate haian. aise log tin kotiyoan mean rakhe ja sakate haian- uttam, madhyam aur nikrisht. uttam koti mean ve ate haian, jo vedashastr jnata hone ke sath sath poorn atma aur dridh sankalp se bhagavan ki bhakti mean rat hote haian. madhyam koti ke bhakt ve haian, jo vedashastravetta n hote hue bhi bhagavatabhakti mean dridh astha rakhate haian. nikrisht koti ke bhaktoan mean un logoan ki ginati hoti hai, jinaki astha aur sankalp dridh nahian rahate. anand prapti aur moksh prapti ki ichchha jis vyakti ke man se door nahian huee, vah bhakti marg par nahian chal sakata. uttama bhakti ka lakshan roop gosvami ne is prakar bataya hai-
guru poornima par shraddhaluoan ka bhajan-kirtan, govardhan, mathura

anyabhilashitashoonyan jnanakamadyinavritamh.
anukoolyen krishnanushilanan bhaktiroottama॥[10]

chaitany ki bhakti paddhati vastut: vyavahar ka vishay adhik hai. yahi karan hai ki chaitany matanuyayiyoan ne bhakti ke bhedopabhed ya any saiddhaantik pakshoan par adhik bal nahian diya. roop gosvami ke bhakti 'rasamritasindhu' aur 'ujjval nilamani' namak granthoan tatha jiv gosvami ke 'bhakti sandarbh' namak granth mean bhi is tathy par adhik bal diya gaya hai ki bhakti keval ek marg hi nahian, apitu apane ap mean pancham purusharth hai. roop gosvami ka to yahaan tak kahana hai ki manushy ke hriday mean rati ke roop mean bhakti ka aankur udbhoot hone ke anantar purusharth chatushtay ki koee vaanchha shesh nahian rahati.

gau diy vaishnav mat

gau diy vaishnav mat mean bhaktoan ya sadhakoan ka ullekh nity siddh, sadhana siddh aur kripasiddh ke roop mean bhi kiya jata hai. nityasiddhi bhakt ve haian, jo krishn ke sath nityavas karane ki patrata arjit kar lete haian- jaise gopal. sadhan siddh ve haian, jo prayatnapoorvak krishn ka sannidhy prapt karate haian aur kripasiddh ve haian, jo kripa se hi sannidhy prapt karate haian. yadyapi chaitany matanuyayiyoan ne jnanayog aur karmayog ki apeksha bhaktiyog ko adhik grahy mana hai, kintu unake kathan yatr-yatr is roop mean bhi upalabdh ho jate haian ki yadi jnanayog aur karmayog ka palan samuchit roop mean kiya jae to ve bhakti ki prapti bhi karava sakate haian. at: kul milakar yah kaha ja sakata hai ki chaitany ki bhaktiparak vicharadhara mean jnan aur karm ke sambandh mean bhi sankirnata nahian hai. isake sath hi yah bhi ek dhyan dene yogy bat hai ki chaitany ne vedant ke sabhi sampradayoan ke prati bhi ek bahut hi svasth drishtikon apanaya hai. chaitany dvara nirdisht bhakti marg mean guru ka atyadhik mahattv hai. guru dvara dikshit hone ke antar namochcharan karana apekshit hai. tadanantar bhakt ko saansarik vishayoan ka tyag vrindavan, dvaraka, adi tirthoan ya gangatat par nivas, ayachit khady samagri se jivan nirvah, ekadashi ka vrat rakhana, pipal ke pe d par pani chadhana, adi kary karane chahie. nastikoan ke sang ka tyag, adhik logoan ko shishy n banana, bhadde vartalap mean n ubalana adi bhi bhakti marg ke anuyayiyoan ke lie anivary hai. bhaktoan ke lie tulasi ka bhakshan, bhagavat ka shravan tatha krishn sankirtan, satsang adi bhi anivary haian. chaitany ki bhakti paddhati mean jap ka apana vishisht sthan hai. vijnaptimay prarthana, shravan aur smaran, dhyan aur dasyabhav bhi avashyak hai. chaitany matanuyayiyoan ka yah bhi kathan hai ki krishn dvarakadham mean poorn roop se, mathura mean poornatar roop se aur vrindavan mean poornatam roop se birajate haian. is poornatam bhakti ke lie vrindavan hi sarvottam sthan hai. sankshep mean yah kaha ja sakata hai ki 'chaitany' vastut: ek darshanik hi nahian, ek mahan bhakt hi nahian aur ek mahapurush hi nahian, apitu bharatiy manas mean b di gaharaee se basi huee aisi bhavana hai, jo chirakal tak bharatiy samaj ko anupramanit karati rahegi.

vidhavaoan ko prabhu bhakti ki prerana

guru poornima par shraddhaluoan ka bhajan-kirtan, govardhan, mathura

chaitany mahaprabhu ne vidhavaoan ko vriandavan akar prabhu bhakti ke raste par ane ko prerit kiya tha. vriandavan qarib 500 varsh se vidhavaoan ke ashray sthal ke taur par jana jata hai. kanha ke charanoan mean jivan ki aantim saansean gujarane ki ichchha lekar deshabhar se yahaan jo vidhavaean ati haian, unamean adhikaanshat: 90 phisadi bangali haian. adhikatar anapadh aur baanglabhashi. vriandavan ki or bangali vidhavaoan ke rukh ke pichhe manyata yah hai ki bhaktikal ke pramukh kavi chaitany mahaprabhu ka janm 1486 mean pashchim bangal mean hua tha. ve 1515 mean vriandavan ae aur unhoanne apana shesh jivan vriandavan mean vyatit kiya. nirashrit mahilaoan ke anusar, isalie unaka yahaan se lagav hai. kaha jata hai chaitany mahaprabhu ne bangal ki vidhavaoan ki dayaniy dasha aur samajik tiraskar ko dekhate hue unake shesh jivan ko prabhu bhakti ki or mo da aur isake bad hi unake vriandavan ane ki paranpara shuroo ho gee.[11]

nrity evan harinam sankirtan

odisha mean puri mean jab chaitany mahaprabhu nivas kar rahe the, to pravas ke dauran rathayatra ke din chaitany mahaprabhu kul 7 toliyaan banakar harinam sankirtan karate the. un toliyoan mean do-do mridang, dhol-naga de bajane vale kirtanakar hote the. sabhi bhakt jagannath ji ke rathayatra utsav ko dekhakar nachate the aur usi dhun mean mast hote.
chaitany mahaprabhu ka harinam sankirtan
chaitany mahaprabhu ki lila ke karan sabhi toliyoan mean sammilit bhaktoan ko aisa abhas hota tha ki chaitany mahaprabhu unaki toli ka netritv kar rahe haian. sabhi bhaktoan ko chaitany mahaprabhu ke sath nrity evan harinam sankirtan karane mean atmik anand evan prabhu milan ka sukh prapt hota. rathayatra ke dauran chaitany mahaprabhu rath par virajaman jagannath ji ke divy svaroop ko dekhakar anand ke aansoo baha rahe the aur unaki aankhoan se ashrudhara nikal rahi thi. un ashrudharaoan mean asapas kh de sabhi bhakt bhig ge. bhakt un ashrudharaoan ko amrit man pikar svayan ko krishn bhakti se otaprot karane lage. chaitany mahaprabhu ki aisi divy lilaoan ko dekhakar jagannath bhagavan ka rath ruk jata tha. chaitany mahaprabhu hari bol, hari bol ke udghosh karate rathayatra mean apani yog shakti ka parichay dete the. jo bhakt chaitany mahaprabhu ko sankirtan ke is mahasvaroop mean dekhata, vah bhakt hari bol, hari bol kah uthata. sankirtan mean chaitany mahaprabhu itane mast ho jate the ki yadi jamin par gir p date to vahaan bhi lot-lot kar prabhu sankirtan aur aisa divy drishy prastut karate ki mano koee svarn parvat bhoomi par lot raha hai.

itana hi nahian, is avastha mean unake sharir par yadi koee paanv rakh kar bhi gujar jata to bhakti bhav mean atyant mast hone ke karan unhean pi da n hoti. aisa pratit hota jaise bhagavan ne apani shakti ki kiran apane bhakt mean dal di ho. chaitany mahaprabhu ke is nrity ko dekhakar bhagavan jagannath ati prasann hote. aise athah bhakti ke pratik shri chaitany mahaprabhu se prerana lekar isk aaun ke sansthapak achary e.si. bhakti vedaant svami prabhupad ne jagannath rathayatraoan ke madhyam se sankirtan ki chhe di tarang ko jari rakha. aj bhi jagannath rathayatraoan evan prabhatapheriyoan mean chaitany mahaprabhu ka nam lekar ‘nitaee gaur hari bol’ ka udghosh karake sankirtan shuroo kiya jata hai.[12] nacho-gao, harinam kirtan mean mast raho, eeshvar moortiyoan mean mile to vah-vah varana vah tumhare man mean, vachan aur karmoan mean sada tumhare sath hai. usake nam par nirbhar jiyo. chaitany ne nach-gakar krishn nam lene vale divanoan ke juloos nikalava diye. ahiansatmak vidroh karane ka yah samoohik upay tab tak itihas mean shayad pahali bar hi prayog mean laya gaya tha. atank se j dibhoot jan-jivan ko shri chaitany ne phir se navachaitany pradan kiya. shri chaitany apane deshakal ka pratik banakar avatarit hue the.[2]

ekadashi vrat ka mahattv

chaitany mahaprabhu aise sant hue haian jinhoanne bhakti marg ka adbhut udaharan prastut kiya. bhagavanh‌ shri chaitany dev ka avirbhav poorvabang ke apoorv dham navadvip mean hua tha.
chaitany mahaprabhu ka nrity
24 varsh ki avastha mean lokakalyan ki bhavana se sannyas dharan kiya, jab bharat mean charoan or videshi shasakoan ke bhay se janata svadharm ka parityag kar rahi thi. tab chaitany mahaprabhu ne yatraoan mean harinam ke madhyam se harinam sankirtan ka prachar kar premasvaroopa bhakti mean bahut b di kraanti phaila di. sannyas grahan ke pashchath shri chaitany ne dakshin bharat ki or prasthan kiya. us samay dakshin mean mayavadiyoan ke prachar-prasar ke karan vaishnav dharm prayah sankirtan ka prachar n karate to yah bharat varsh vaishnav dharm vihin ho jata. harinam ka sthan-sthan par prachar kar chaitanyadev shrirangam pahuanche aur vahaan godanarayan ki adbhuth‌ roopamadhuri dekh bhavavesh mean nrity karane lage. shri chaitany ka bhav-vibhavit svaroop dekh mandir ke pradhan archak shriveankat bhatt chamatkrit ho uthe aur bhagavan ki prasadi mala unake gale mean dal di tatha unhean bataya ki varshakalin yah chaturmas kasht yukt, jal plavan evan hiansak jiv-jantuoan ke bahuly ke karan yatra mean nishiddh hai, atah unake char mas tak apane ghar mean hi nivas ki prarthana ki. shriveankat bhatt ke anurodh par shrichaitany dev ke char mas unake avas par vyatit hue. unhoanne putr shrigopal bhatt ko dikshit kar vaishnav dharm ki shiksha ke sath shastriy pramanoansahit ek smriti granth ki rachana ka adesh diya. kuchh samay pashchath shrigopal bhatt vriandavan ae evan vahaan nivas kar unhoanne pancharatr, puran aur agam nigamoan ke pramanasahit 251 granthoan ka udaharan dete hue haribhakti vilas smriti ki rachana ki. is granth mean unhoanne ekadashi tattv vishay par vishesh vivechana ki. is prasang mean achary gaur krishn darshan tirth kahate haian chatuah sampradayik vaishnavoan ke lie avashyak roop mean ekadashi vrat ka mahattvapoorn sthan hai. ekadashi vrat karane se jivan ke sanpoorn pap vinasht ho jate haian. is vrat ko sahasroan yajnoan ke saman mana gaya hai. brahmachari, grihasth, vanaprasth, sannyasi tatha vidhava striyaan bhi ekadashi vrat ke adhikari haian. ekadashi vrat tyag kar jo ann sevan karata hai, usaki nishkriti nahian hoti. jo vrati ko bhojan ke lie kahata hai, vah bhi pap ka bhagi hota hai.[13]

mahaprabhu ka nrity rahasy

shriradha tatha shrikrishn ke milan mean hi shrijagannath puri mean shrichaitany mahaprabhu ji ke abhinay ka rahasy chhupa hua hai. shrimahaprabhu ke kuchh hi parshad ise samajhate haian. iskan ke sansthapak e. si. bhaktivedant svami maharaj ji batate haian ki rathayatra utsav ka sara bhav shrikrishn ko kurukshetr se vrindavan vapas lane ka hai.
chaitany mahaprabhu apane anuyayiyoan ke sath nrity karate hue
puri sthit shrijagannath ji ka bhavy mandir dvaraka rajy ko pradarshit karata hai, jahaan shrikrishn param-aishvary ka bhog karate haian tatha gundicha mandir vrindavan ka roop hai jahaan bhagavan ko laya jata hai, jo ki unaki madhuratam lilaoan ki jagah hai. radharani ki bhoomika ada karate hue shrichaitany mahaprabhu ji unake bhav mean rathayatra ke samay rath ke pichhe rahakar bhagavan jagannath ji ki pariksha ki lila karate haian ,'kya shrikrishn hamara smaran karate haian? maian yah dekhana chahata hooan ki kya sachamuch unhean hamari paravah hai? yadi paravah hai to ve avashy hi pratiksha kareange aur yah pata lagane ki prayatn kareange ki ham kahaan haian?' ashchary ki bat to yah hai ki shrimahaprabhu ji jab-jab rath ke pichhe chale jate tab-tab rath ruk jata. bhagavan shrijagannath pratiksha karate aur dekhane ka prayas karate ki radha kahaan hai? vrajavasi kahaan haian? bhagavan shrijagannath, jo ki sakshath shrikrishn haian, shrichaitany mahaprabhu ko yah divy bhav batalana chahate haian ki yadyapi maian vrindavan se door tha, kintu maian apane bhaktoan ko, visheshataya radharani ko bhoola nahian hooan.[14][15]

mahaprabhu dvara sevika ko aashirvad

bhagavan chaitany mahaprabhu ke lie bhagavad-bhajan hi sarvasv tha. ve nrity karate hue kirtan karate aur magn rahate the. unhean bhautik duniya ke logoan se sarokar nahian rahata tha aur isi karan unake jan-pahachan ka dayara simit tha. bat un dinoan ki hai jab chaitany mahaprabhu shrivas pandit ke avas mean rahate the. shrivas pandit ke aangan mean unaka nrity-kirtan chalata rahata. shrivas pandit ke ghar ke sare sadasy aur naukar-chakar chaitany mahaprabhu ko janate the aur unake prati shraddha-bhav rakhate the, kiantu mahaprabhu kabhi age rahakar kisi se batachit nahian karate the. vahian par ek sevika kam karati thian, jo chaitany mahaprabhu ke lie pratidin jal lekar ati thi. mahaprabhu ne to kabhi us par dhyan nahian diya, kiantu vah unake prati atyant shraddha-bhav se bhari huee thi aur sochati thi kabhi to bhagavan use ashish deange. usaki seva to sadharan thi, kiantu dhairy atal tha aur is karan vishvas bhi prabal tha. aantat: ek din mahaprabhu ko bahut garmi lagane lagi aur unhoanne snan karane ki ichchha prakat ki. tab upasthit bhaktoan ne usi sevika ko jal lane ke lie kaha. vah dau d-dau dakar anek gh de bharakar laee aur phir shrivas aangan mean bhaktoan ne milakar mahaprabhu ko snan karaya. us din mahaprabhu ne svayan ke lie itana parishram karane vali sevika ko dekha, usake shraddha bhav seva-karm ko pahachana aur usake sir par hath rakhakar hardik ashirvad diya. sevika dhany ho gee, kyoanki usaka abhilashit sukh use prapt ho gaya. dhairy dharan karane par man mean vishvas ki aisi akhand jot jalati hai, jo kripa mean avashy hi parinati hoti hai. vastut: dhairy se prapt vishvas hi nirdharit lakshy tak pahuanchata hai.[16]

chaitany mahaprabhu ki moorti

chaitany mahaprabhu

bhagavan shrikrishn ne yaduvansh ke raja shrisatrajit ki kanya shrimati satyabhama ji se vivah kiya tha. vahi satyabhama ji, bhagavan shrichaitany mahaprabhu ji ki lila mean shrimati vishnupriya ji ke roop mean aeean v raja satrajit, shrimati vishnupriya ji ke pitaji shrisanatan mishr ke roop mean prakat hue. vishnupriya bachapan se hi pita-mata aur vishnu-parayana thian. vishnupriya pratidin tin bar ganga-snan karati thian. ganga-snan ko jane ke dinoan mean hi shachimata ke sath apaka milan hua tha. ap unako pranam karatian to shachimata apako ashirvad detian. apake aur bhagavan shrichaitany mahaprabhu ji ke vivah ki katha ko jo sunata hai, usake tamam saansarik bandhan kat jate haian. shriman mahaprabhu ji ke dvara 24 varsh ki ayu mean sannyas grahan karane par ap atyant virah santapt hueean thian. inhoanne adbhut bhajan ka adarsh prastut kiya tha. mitti ke do bartan lakar apane donoan or rakh letian thian. ek or khali patr aur doosari or chaval se bhara hua patr rakh letian thian. solah nam tatha battis akshar vala mantr (hare krishn mahamantr) ek bar jap kar ek chaval utha kar khali patr mean rakh detian thian. is prakar din ke tisare prahar tak hare krishn mahamantr ka jap karatian rahatian aur chaval ek bartan se doosare bartan mean rakhati jatian. is prakar jitane chaval ikatthe hote, unako paka kar shrichaitany mahaprabhu ki ko bhav se arpit karatian. aur vahian prasad patian. kahaan tak apaki mahima koee kahe, ap to shriman mahaprabhu ki preyasi haian aur nirantar hare krishn mahamantr karati rahati haian. apane hi sarvapratham shrigaur-mahaprabhu ji ki moorti (vigrah) ka prakash kar usaki pooja ki thi. koee-koee bhakt aisa bhi kahate haian. shrimati sita devi ke vanavas kal mean ek patni vrati bhagavan shriramachandr ji ne sone ki sita ka nirman karavakar yajn kiya tha, par doosari bar vivah nahian kiya tha. shrigaur-narayan lila mean shrimati vishnupriya devi ne us rrin se urrin hone ke lie hi shrigauraang mahaprabhu ji ki moorti ka nirman kara kar pooja ki thi. shrimati vishnupriya devi dvara sevit shrigauraang ki moorti ki ab bhi shrinavadvip mean pooja ki jati hai.[17]

vilakshan pratibha ke dhani

chaitany mahaprabhu

chaitany mahaprabhu vilakshan pratibha ke dhani the. nyayashastr mean inako prakaand pandity prapt tha. kahate haian ki inhoanne nyayashastr par ek apoorv granth likha tha, jise dekh kar inake ek mitr ko b di eershya huee kyoanki unhean bhay tha ki inake granth ke prakash mean ane par unake dvara pranit granth ka adar kam ho jaega. is par shri chaitany ne apane granth ko ganga ji mean baha diya. chaubis varsh ki avastha mean chaitany mahaprabhu ne grihasthashram ka tyag karake sannyas liya. inake guru ka nam keshav bharati tha. inake jivan mean anek alaukik ghatanaean hueean, jinase inake vishisht shakti-sampann bhagavadvibhooti hone ka parichay milata hai. inhoanne ek bar advait prabhu ko apane vishvaroop ka darshan karaya tha. nityanand prabhu ne inake narayan roop aur shrikrishn roop ka darshan kiya tha. inaki mata shachi devi ne nityanand prabhu aur inako balaram aur shrikrishn roop mean dekha tha. chaitany-charitamrit ke anusar inhoanne kee kodhiy़oan aur asadhy rogoan se pi dit rogiyoan ko rog mukt kiya tha. chaitany mahaprabhu ke jivan ke aantim chh: varsh to radha-bhav mean hi bite. un dinoan inake aandar mahabhav ke sare lakshan prakat hue the. jis samay yah krishn prem mean unmatt hokar nrity karane lagate the, log dekhate hi rah jate the. inaki vilakshan pratibha aur shrikrishn bhakti ka logoan par aisa prabhav p da ki vasudev sarvabhaum aur prakashanand sarasvati jaise vedaanti bhi inake kshan matr ke satsang se shrikrishn premi ban ge. inake prabhav se virodhi bhi inake bhakt ban ge aur jagaee, madhaee jaise durachari bhi sant ho ge. inaka pradhan uddeshy bhagavannam ka prachar karana aur sansar mean bhagavadh bhakti aur shaanti ki sthapana karana tha. inake bhakti-siddhaant mean dvait aur advait ka b da hi suandar samanvay hua hai. inhoanne kalimal grasit jivoan ke uddhar ke lie bhagavannam-sankirtan ko hi pramukh upay mana hai. inake upadeshoan ka sar hai-

  • manushy ko chahie ki vah apane jivan ka adhik se adhik samay bhagavan ke sumadhur namoan ke sankirtan mean lagae. yahi aant:karan ki shuddhi ka sarvottam upay hai.
  • kirtan karate samay vah prem mean itana magr ho jae ki usake netroan se premashruoan ki dhara bahane lage, usaki vani gadgadh ho jae aur sharir pulakit ho jae.
  • bhagavan nam ke uchcharan mean desh-kal ka koee bandhan nahian hai. bhagavan ne apani sari shakti aur apana sara madhury apane namoan mean bhar diya hai. yadyapi bhagavan ke sabhi nam madhur aur kalyanakari haian kiantu
hare ram hare ram ram ram hare hare. hare krishn hare krishn krishn krishn hare hare॥

yah mahamantr sabase adhik madhur aur bhagavat prem ko badhane vala hai.[18]


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Chaitanya Mahaprabhu (aangrezi) Gaudiya History. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2015.
  2. 2.0 2.1 nagar, amritalal. jivani/atmakatha >> chaitany mahaprabhu (hindi) bharatiy sahity sangrah. abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.
  3. anandamatran visheshyan samasta: shaktay: visheshanani vishishto bhagavanh. shashtasandarbh, prishth 50
  4. svamate achintyabhedavev achintyashaktitvath, bhagavatsandarbhasy sarvasanvadini, prishth 23
  5. bhagavat sankhya 11, 24, 19 jiv gosvami
  6. siddhaant ratn 83.4
  7. brihadaranyak upanishad 3.9.2.8
  8. ashay yah hai ki brahm ke saman to nahian, kintu usase avar tattv jiv jagat to vidyaman haian
  9. yani brahm ke satatasannidhy
  10. bhaktirasamritasindhu, prishth 10
  11. chaitany mahaprabhu ne vriandavan ko mo di thian vidhavaean (hindi) jagaran d aaut k aaum. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2015.
  12. aeee karean yatra chaitany mahaprabhu ji ke nrity evan harinam sankirtan ki (hindi) panjab kesari. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2015.
  13. shri chaitany mahaprabhu (hindi) vebaduniya hindi. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2015.
  14. lokanath svami (hindi masik patrika bhagavaddarshan janavari 1994 se sangrahit)
  15. Shree Chaitanya Mahaprabhu Charitable Trust (phesabuk val) (hindi). .
  16. vishvas se paya mahaprabhu ka ashirvad (hindi) dainik bhaskar. abhigaman tithi: 15 mee, 2015.
  17. kisane banavaee 'pahali bar' shrichaitany mahaprabhu ji ki moorti aur kyoan ? (hindi) vina hindi. abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.
  18. sansar sagar se be da par karata hai yah mahamantr (hindi) panjab kesari. abhigaman tithi: 16 mee, 2015.

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