ऋषि

Disamb2.jpg rrishi ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- rrishi (bahuvikalpi)

rrishi bharat ki prachin parampara ke anusar shruti granthoan ko darshan karane vale janoan ko kaha jata hai. adhunik batachit mean muni, yogi, sant athava kavi inake paryay nam haian. parashar, durvasa, vedavyas, shukadev, dhaumy, vasishth, parashuram, kiandam tatha agasty adi anek rrishi prachin bharatiy samaj mean prasiddh the.

'rrishi' shabd ki vyatpatti

rrishi shabd ki vyutpatti 'rrishi' gatau dhatu se[1] mani jati hai.

rrishati prapnoti sarvanh mantran, jnanen pashyati sansar paran va.
rrishu + igupadhath kith[2] iti unadisootren inh kinchh.

  • is vyutpatti ka sanket vayupuran[3], matsyapuran[4] tatha brahmandapuran[5] mean kiya gaya hai. brahmandapuran ki vyutpatti is prakar hai-

gatyarthadrishaterdhatornam nivrittiradit:.
yasmadev svayanbhootastasmachchapyrishita smrita॥

  • vayupuran[6] mean rrishi shabd ke anek arth batae ge haian-

rrishityev gatau dhatu: shrutau satye tapasyathh.
etath sanniyatastasminh brahmamana s rrishi smrit:॥

is shlok ke anusar 'rrishi' dhatu ke char arth hote haian- gati, shruti, saty tatha tapas. brahmaji dvara jis vyakti mean ye charoan vastuean niyat kar di jayean, vahi 'rrishi' hota hai. vayu puran ka yahi shlok matsy puran[7] mean kianchit pathabhed se upalabdh hota hai. durgachary ki nirukti hai- rrishirdarshanath.[8] is nirukt se rrishi ka vyutpattilabhy arth hai- darshan karane vala, tattvoan ki sakshat aparoksh anubhooti rakhane vala vishisht purush. 'sakshatkritadharman rrishayo babhooa:'- yask ka yah kathan is nirukti ka pratiphalitarth hai. durgachary ka kathan hai ki kisi mantr vishesh ki sahayata se kiye jane par kisi karm se kis prakar ka phal parinat hota hai, rrishi ko is tathy ka poorn jnan hota hai. taittiriy aranyak ke anusar is shabd (rrishi) ki vyakhya is prakar hai- 'srishti ke arambh mean tapasya karane vale ayonisanbhav vyaktiyoan ke pas svayanbhoo brahm (vedabrahm) svayan prapt ho gaya. ved ka is svat: prapti ke karan, svayamev avirbhav hone ke karan hi rrishi ka 'rrishitv' hai. is vyakhya mean rrishi shabd ki nirukti 'tudadigan rrish gatau' dhatu se mani gayi hai. apaurushey ved rrishiyoan ke hi madhyam se vishv mean avirbhoot hua aur rrishiyoan ne ved ke varnamay vigrah ko apane divy shrotr se shravan kiya, isilie ved ko 'shruti' bhi kaha gaya hai. adi rrishiyoan ki vani ke pichhe arth dau data-phirata hai. rrishi arth ke pichhe kabhi nahian dau date 'rrishinaan punaradyanaan vachamarthoanudhavati:' (uttar ramacharit, pratham aang). nishkarsh yah hai ki tapasya se pavitr 'aantarjyoti sampann mantradrashta vyaktiyoan ki hi sanjna rrishi hai.