सनातन गोस्वामी

Disamb2.jpg sanatan ek bahuvikalpi shabd hai any arthoan ke lie dekhean:- sanatan (bahuvikalpi)
sanatan gosvami
poora nam sanatan gosvami
janm 1488 ee.
mrityu 1558 ee.
abhibhavak kumaradev (pita), mukundadev (pitamah)
karm bhoomi vrindavan (mathura)
mukhy rachanaean 'shrikrishnalilastav', 'vaishnavatoshini', 'shri brihat bhagavatamrit', 'haribhaktivilas' tatha 'bhaktirasamritasiandhu' adi ki rachana ki.
prasiddhi sant, krishn-bhakt
vishesh yogadan vrindavanadham ka pahala 'madanamohan ji mandir' sanatan gosvami ne hi sthapit kiya tha, usaki seva bhi ve svayan karate the.
nagarikata bharatiy
sanbandhit lekh chaitany mahaprabhu, roop gosvami, chaitany sampraday, vaishnav sampraday, vrindavanadas thakur, krishnadas kaviraj, prabhudatt brahmachari
any janakari sanatan ne bhakti siddhant, vrindadevi mandir tatha shrivigrah ki sthapana ki tatha vaishnav-smriti granth ka sankalan kar vaishnav sadachar ka prachar kiya. vrindavan pahanchakar sanatan ne apani aantarang sadhana ke sath mahaprabhu dvara nirdisht 'lilatirth uddhar', 'krishn-bhakti prachar' aur 'krishn-vigrah-prakash' adi ka kary bhi arambh kiya.

sanatan gosvami (1488-1558 ee.) chaitany mahaprabhu ke pramukh shishy the. unhoanne 'gau diy vaishnav bhakti sampraday' ke anekoan granthoan ki rachana ki thi. apane bhaee roop gosvami sahit vrindavan ke chh: prabhavashali gosvamiyoan mean ve sabase jyeshth the.

parichay

sanatan gosvami karnat shreniy panchadravi d bharadvaj gotriy yajurvedi brahman the. inake poorvaj karnat rajavansh ke the aur sarvajn ke putr roopeshvar bangal mean akar ganga nadi ke tat par sthit barisal mean bas ge. inake pautr mukuandadev bangal ke navab ke darabar mean rajakarmachari niyat hue tatha gau d ke pas ramakeli gram mean rahane lage. inake putr kumaradev tin putroan amaradev, santoshadev tatha vallabh ko chho dakar yuvavastha hi mean paralok sidhar ge, jisase mukuandadev ne tinoan pautroan ka palan kar unhean uchit shiksha dilaee. inhian tinoan ko shri chaitany mahaprabhu ne kramash: 'sanatan', 'roop' tatha 'anupam' nam diya.

janmatithi

sanatan gosvami ki janmatithi ke sambandh mean nishchit roop se kuchh kahana sambhav nahian jan p data. da. dineshachandr sen ne unaka janm sanh 1492 mean bataya hai.[1] aur bhi kee vidvanoan ne da. sen ka anusaran karate hue unaka janm sanh 1492 ya usake as-pas bataya. par da. satishachandr mitr ne unaka janm sanh 1465 (san0 1522) mean likha haian. yahi thik jan p data hai, kyoanki mahaprabhu jab ramakeli gaye, us samay sanatan gosvami husainashah ke pradhanamantri the. mahaprabhu ki ayu us samay 28/29 varsh ki thi. mahaprabhu ka avirbhav hua 1486 mean. ve ramakeli gaye sannyas ke pancham varsh sanh 1514 ya 1515 mean. is hisab se sanatan gosvami ki ayu da. sen ke mat ke anusar us samay 23 varsh ki hoti. ramakeli mean mahaprabhu se milane ke kee varsh poorv ve pradhanamantri hue hoange.[2] us samay unaki ayu keval 18/19 varsh ki ya usase kam hogi aur roop gosvami ki usase bhi kam, jo vishvas karane yogy nahian. yadi unaka janm mitr mahashay ke anusar sanh 1465 mean mana jay, to unaki umr ramakeli mean mahaprabhu se unake milane ke samay 49.50 ki hoti hai, jo pradhanamantri pad ke lie thik lagati hai.

shiksha

sanatan gosvami ke pitamah mukundadev dirghakal se gau d rajy mean kisi uchch pad par asin the. ve ramakeli mean rahate the. unake putr shrikumar dev bakalachandr dvip mean rahate the. kumaradev ke dehavasan ke pashchat mukundadev shriroop-sanatan adi ko ramakeli le aye. unhoanne roop-sanatan ki shiksha ki suvyavastha ki. unhean prarambhik shiksha dilayi ramabhadr vanivilas namak ek pandit se. usake pashchat unhean bhej diya navadvip, jo us samay shiksha ka sabase b da kendr tha. vahaan kuchh din prasiddh naiyayik shrisarvabhaum bhattachary se nyay-shastr ki shiksha grahan karane ke pashchat ve unake chhote bhaee vidyavachaspati[3] ki tol mean padhane lage. vibhinn bhashaoan aur shastroan ke adhyayan mean tatpar rahate hue bhi sanatan gosvami prarambh se hi shrimadbhagavat mean vishesh ruchi rakhate the. shrijiv gosvami ne laghuvaishnavatoshani ke ant mean di huee. vanshaparichayika mean ullekh kiya hai ki unhean balyavastha mean svapn mean ek brahman dvara shrimadbhagavat ki ek prati prapt huee thi aur prabhat hone par usi brahman ne vahi prati unhean bheant ki thi. tabhi se ve niyamit roop se shrimadbhagavat ka path kiya karate the.

mahaprabhu se milan

sanatan gosvami ka mahaprabhu se milan kashi mean hua. jab ve kashi pahuanche, tab unhean susanvad mila ki mahaprabhu vrindavan se lautakar kuchh dinoan se kashi mean chandrashekhar achary ke ghar thahare hue haian. unake nrity-kirtan ke karan kashi mean bhav-bhakti ki apoorv badh ayi huee hai. yah sun unake anand ki sima n rahi. doosare hi kshan din-hin vesh mean ve chandrashekhar achary ke daravaze par upasthit hue. unake pran mahaprabhu ke darshan ke liye chhatapat kar rahe the, par ve apane ko din aur ayogy jan bhitar jane ka sahas nahian juta pa rahe the. mahaprabhu ko apane pran-sanatan ke agaman ki khabar p d gayi. pran-pran se milane ko bhag p de. uchch svar se 'hare krishn' hare krishn' kahate sanatan ko unaka madhur kanthasvar pahachanane mean der n lagi. unhoanne jaise hi sir ooancha kiya to dekha ki unake pran dhan shrigauraang kanak-kanti si divy chhata vikharate, premashrupoorn netroan se unaki or ekatak niharate, bhav gadagad kanth se mere sanatan! mere pran! kahate, donoan bhujayean pasare unhean aliangan karane unaki or badhe a rahe haian! sanatan chiraparadhi ki tarah unake charanoan mean lot gaye. unhoanne jhat uthakar hriday se lagana chaha. par sanatan chhitakakar alag ja kh de huye aur hath jo dakar katar svar kahane lage-'prabhu, maian nich, pamar, vishayi, yavanasevi apake sparsh karane yogy nahian. mujhe n chhuean."

"nahian, nahian, sanatan. dainy rahane do. tumhare dainy se meri chhati phatati hai. tum apane bhaktibal se brahmaand tak ko pavitr karane ki shakti rakhate ho. mujhe bhi apana sparsh prapt kar dhany hone do." kahate-kahate mahaprabhu ne sanatan ko apani bhujaoan mean bhar netroan ke premajal se abhishikt kar diya. chandrashekhar se mahaprabhu ne kaha sanatan ka kshaur kara unaka daravesh-vesh badalane ko. chandrashekhar ne kshaur aur ganga-snan kara unhean ek nootan vastr paharane ko diya. sanatan ne use svikar karate hue kaha-" yadi mera vesh badalana hai to mujhe apana vyavahar kiya koee purana vastr dene ki kripa karean." tab mishraji apana vyavahar kiya ek purana vastr le aye. sanatan ne usake do tuk de kar dor –kaupin aur varhivas ke roop mean use dharan kiya. tabhi se gau diy-vaishnavoan mean vairagy vesh ki pratha prarambh huee. jo ab tak chali a rahi hai.

vrindavan agaman

do mahine tak sanatan ko apane ghanishth sannidhy mean rakhane ke bad aur vaishnav-siddhant mean nishnat karane ke pashchat chaitany mahaprabhu ne unase kaha- "sanatan, kuchh din poorv maianne tumhare bhaee roop ko prayag mean krishn ras ka upadesh kar aur usake prachar ke lie shakti sanchar kar vrindavan bheja hai. tum bhi vrindavan jao. tumhean maian sauanp raha hooan char dayitvapoorn karyo ka bhar. tum vahaan jakar mathura mandal ke lupt tirthoan aur lila sthaliyoan ka uddhar karo, shuddh bhakti siddhant ki sthapana karo, krishn-vigrah prakat karo. aur vaishnav-smriti granth ka sankalan kar vaishnav sadachar ka prachar karo." isake pashchat kangaloan ke thakur param karun gauraang mahaprabhu ne dayadr chitt se, karuna vigalit svar mean kaha- "inake atirikt ek aur bhi mahattvapoorn dayitv tumhean sanbhalana hoga. mere katha-kanragadhari kangal vaishnav bhakt, jo vrindavan bhajan karane jayegean, unaki dekh-rekh bhi tumhian ko karani hogi." sanatan ne kaha- "prabhu! yadi mere dvara yah kary karane haian, to mere mastak par charan rakh shakti sanchar karane ki kripa karean."

mahaprabhu ne sanatan ke mastak par apana hast kamal rakh unhean arshivad diya. jab mahaprabhu ki ajna shirodhary kar sanatan braj jane ke liye mahaprabhu se vida ho rahe the, tab unake pran unake charanoan se lipate the. ve unhean jane kab de rahe the? pair age badhate-badhate pichhe laut rahe the. jate-jate ve ashrupoorn netroan se bar-bar mahaprabhu ki or dekh rahe the aur man hi man kah rahe the, n jane kab phir unaka bhagyoday hoga. kab phir karuna aur prem ki us sakshat moorti ke darshan kar ve virahagni se jar-jar apane pranoan ko shital kar sakegean. sanatan jab vrindavan ki or chale usi samay roop aur ballabh unase marg mean milane ke uddeshy se vrindavan se prayag ki or chale. par donoan ka milan n hua, kyoanki sanatan gaye rajapath se, roop aur vallabh aye doosare path se ganga ke kinare-kinare. brajadham pahuanchate hi sanatan gosvami ne pahale subuddhiray se sakshath kiya, phir lokanath gosvami aur bhoogarbh pandit se, jo mahaprabhu ke adesh se pahale hi braj mean a gaye the. tatpashchat unhoanne yamuna-pulin par 'adity tila' nam ke nirjan sthan mean rahakar ekant bhajan-sadhan, tyag aur vairagy ka jivan arambh kiya.


vithika-gau diy sanpraday

tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. D.C. Sen: The Vaisnava Literature of Medieval Bengal P.29.
  2. bhaktiratnakar mean ullekh hai ki shri chaitany mahaprabhu ne sannyas ke poorv hi (arthath sanh 1510 ke poorv) roop-sanatan ki mantri roop mean khyati suni thi (bhakti ratnakar 1/364-383).
  3. da. dineshachandr bhattachary ne siddhi kiya hai ki unaka prakrit nam tha vishnudas bhattachary (sahity parishad patrika, varsh 56 3y-4rth sankhya pri0 66-81

sanbandhit lekh

varnamala kramanusar lekh khoj

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