नरसी मेहता

narasi mehata
poora nam narasi mehata
any nam narasianh mehata
janm 1414 ee.
janm bhoomi talaja gram, joonagadh, gujarat
mrityu 1480 ee.
karm bhoomi bharat
mukhy rachanaean ‘sudama charit’, ‘govind gaman’, ‘chaturiyo’, ‘surat sangram’, ‘shrriangar mala’, ‘vansatanapado’, ‘krishn janmana pado’ adi.
bhasha gujarati
prasiddhi krishn bhakt kavi
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari narasi mehata har samay krishn ki bhakti mean tallin rahate the. chhuachhoot ve nahian manate the aur harijanoan ki basti mean jakar unake sath kirtan kiya karate the. isase biradari ne unaka bahishkar tak kar diya tha, par ve apane mat se dige nahian.

narasi mehata athava narasianh mehata (aangrezi:Narsinh Mehta, janm- 1414 ee. joonagadh, mrityu- 1480 ee.) gujarati bhakti sahity ke shreshthatam kavi the. unake krititv aur vyaktitv ki mahatta ke anuroop sahity ke itihas granthoan mean "narasianh-mira-yug" nam se ek svatantr kavyakal ka nirdharan kiya gaya hai, jisaki mukhy visheshata bhavapravan krishn ki bhakti se anuprerit padoan ka nirman hai. padapraneta ke roop mean gujarati sahity mean narasi ka lagabhag vahi sthan hai, jo hindi mean mahakavi sooradas ka hai.

jivan parichay

gujarati sahity ke adi kavi sant narasi mehata ka janm 1414 ee. mean joonagadh ke nikat talaja gram mean ek nagar brahman parivar mean hua tha. mata-pita ka bachapan mean hi dehaant ho gaya tha. isalie apane chachere bhaee ke sath rahate the. adhikatar ve santoan ki mandaliyoan ke sath ghooma karate the. 15-16 varsh ki umr mean unaka vivah ho gaya.

krishnabhakti

koee kam n karane par bhabhi un par bahut kataksh karati thi. ek din usaki phatakar se vyathit narasianh 'gopeshvar' ke shiv mandir mean jakar tapasya karane lage. manyata hai ki sat din ke bad unhean shiv ke darshan hue aur unhoanne krishn ki bhakti aur rasalila ke darshanoan ka varadan maanga. is par dvaraka jakar rasalila ke darshan ho ge. ab narasianh ka jivan poori tarah se badal gaya. bhaee ka ghar chho dakar ve joonagadh mean alag rahane lage. unaka nivas sthan aj bhi ‘narasianh mehata ka chaura’ ke nam se prasiddh hai. ve har samay krishnabhakti mean tallin rahate the. unake lie sab barabar the. chhuachhoot ve nahian manate the aur harijanoan ki basti mean jakar unake sath kirtan kiya karate the. isase biradari ne unaka bahishkar tak kar diya, par ve apane mat se dige nahian.

pita ke shraddh ke samay aur vivahit putri ke sasural usaki garbhavastha mean samagri bhejate samay bhi unhean daivi saphalata mili thi. jab unake putr ka vivah b de nagar ke raja ke vajir ki putri ke sath tay ho gaya. tab bhi narasianh mehata ne dvaraka jakar prabhu ko barat mean chalane ka nimantran diya. prabhu shyamal shah seth ke roop mean barat mean ge aur ‘nirdhan’ narasianh ke bete ki barat ke thath dekhakar log chakit rah ge. harijanoan ke sath unake sanpark ki bat sunakar jab joonagadh ke raja ne unaki pariksha leni chahi to kirtan mean lin mehata ke gale mean aantariksh se phooloan ki mala p d gee thi. nirdhanata ke atirikt unhean apane jivan mean patni aur putr ki mrityu ka viyog bhi jhelana p da tha. par unhoanne apane yogakshem ka poora bhar apane isht shrikrishn par dal diya tha. jis nagar samaj ne unhean bahishkrit kiya tha, aant mean usi ne unhean apana ratn mana aur aj bhi gujarat mean unaki vah manyata hai.[1]

rachanaean

narasianh mehata ne b de marmasparshi bhajanoan ki rachana ki. gaandhiji ka priy bhajan ‘vaishnav jan to tene kahiye’ unhian ka racha hua hai. bhakti, jnan aur vairagy ke padoan ke atirikt unaki nimn kritiyaan prasiddh haian[1]-

  • ‘sudama charit’
  • ‘govind gaman’
  • ‘danalila’
  • ‘chaturiyo’
  • ‘surat sangram’
  • ‘rasasahasr padi’
  • ‘shrriangar mala’
  • ‘vansatanapado’ aur
  • ‘krishn janmana pado’

sankshipt katha

santoan ke sath bahut-si kathaean ju di rahati haian. narasi mehata ke sanbandh mean bhi aisi anek ghatanaoan ka varnan milata hai. inamean se kuchh ka ullekh svayan unake padoan mean milane se log inhean yatharth ghatanaean bhi manate haian. un dinoan huandi ka prachalan tha. log paidal-yatra mean nakad dhan nahian le jate the. kisi vishvast aur prasiddh vyakti ke pas rupaya jama karake usase doosare shahar ke vyakti ke nam huandi (dhanadesh) likha lete the. narasianh mehata ki garibi ka upahas karane ke lie kuchh shararati logoan ne dvaraka jane vale tirth yatriyoan se huandi likhava li, par jab yatri dvaraka pahuanche to shyamal shah seth ka roop dharan karake shrikrishn ne narasianh ki huandi ka dhan tirthayatriyoan ko de diya.[1]

chamatkarik prasang

narasi ji niranh‍tar bhakt-sadhuoan ke sath rahakar shrikrishh‍n aur gopiyoan ki lila ke git gane lage the. dhire-dhire bhajan-kirtan mean hi unaka adhikaansh samay bitane laga. yah bat unake parivar valoan ko pasanh‍d nahian thi. unh‍hoanne inh‍hean bahut samajhaya, par koee labh n hua. ek din inaki bhaujaee ne tana marakar kaha ki ‘aisi bhakti um di hai to bhagavan se milakar kh‍yoan nahian ate?’ is tane ne narasi par jadoo ka kam kiya. ve ghar se usi kshan nikal p de aur joonagadh se kuchh door shri mahadev ji ke purane mandir mean jakar vahaan shri shankar ki upasana karane lage. kahate haian, unaki pooja se prasanh‍n hokar bhagavan shankar unake samane prakat hue aur unh‍hean bhagavan shrikrishh‍n ke golok mean le jakar gopiyoan ki rasalila ka adabhut drishh‍y dikhalaya. ve golok ki lila ko dekhakar mugh‍dh ho gaye.[2]

tapash‍ya poori kar ve ghar aye aur apane bal-bachh‍choan ke sath alag rahane lage. parantu keval bhajan-kirtan mean lage rahane ke karan b de kashh‍t ke sath unaki grihash‍thi ka kam chalata. sh‍tri ne koee kam karane ke liye unh‍hean bahut kaha, parantu narasi ji ne koee doosara kam karana pasand nahian kiya. unaka dridh vishh‍vas tha ki shrikrishh‍n mere sare du:khean aur abhavoan ko apane-ap door kareange. hua bhi aisa hi. kahate haian, unaki putri ke vivah mean jitane rupaye aur anh‍y samagriyoan ki jaroorat p di, sab bhagavan ne unake yahaan pahuanchayi aur sh‍vayan manh‍dap mean upasthit hokar sare kary samh‍panh‍n kiye. isi tarah putr ka vivah bhi bhagavath‍kripa se samh‍panh‍n ho gaya.

  • kahate haian narasi mehata ki jati ke log unh‍hean bahut tang kiya karate the. ek bar un logoan ne kaha ki apane pita ka shraddh karake sari jati ko bhojan karao. narasi ji ne apane bhagavan ko sh‍maran kiya aur usake liye sara saman jut gaya. shraddh ke din anh‍t mean narasi ji ko maloom hua ki kuchh ghi ghat gaya hai. ve ek bartan lekar bajar ghi lane ke liye gaye. rash‍te mean unh‍hoanne ek sant manh‍dali ko b de prem se hari kirtan karate dekha. bas, narasi ji usamean shamil ho gaye aur apana kam bhool gaye. ghar mean brahman bhojan ho raha tha, unaki path‍ni b di uth‍sukata se unaki bat dekh rahi thian. bhaktavath‍sal bhagavan narasi ka roop dharan kar ghi lekar ghar pahuanche. brahman-bhojan ka kary sucharu roop se poora hua. bahut der bad kirtan band hone par narasi ji ghi lekar vapas aye aur apani path‍ni se der ke liye kshama maangane lage. sh‍tri ashh‍chary sagar mean doob gayian.

putr-putri ka vivah ho jane par narasi ji bahut kuchh nishchinh‍t ho gaye aur adhik uth‍sah se bhajan-kirtan karane lage. kuchh varshoan bad ek-ek karake inaki sh‍tri aur putr ka dehanh‍t ho gaya.

tab se ve ekadam virakt-se ho gaye aur logoan ko bhagavadbhakti ka upadesh dene lage. ve kaha karate- ‘bhakti tatha pranimatr ke sath vishuddh prem karane se sabako mukti mil sakati hai.'

  • kahate haian ki ek bar joonagadh ke rav manh‍dळik ne unh‍hean bulakar kaha- ‘yadi tum sachh‍che bhakt ho to mandir mean jakar moorti ke gale mean phooloan ka har pahanao aur phir bhagavan ki moorti se prarthana karo ki ve sh‍vayan tumh‍hare pas akar vah mala tumh‍hare gale mean dal dean; anh‍yatha tumh‍hean pranadand mileg.' narasi ji ne ratabhar mandir mean baithakar bhagavan ka gunagan kiya. doosare din sabere sabake samane moorti ne apane sh‍than se uthakar narasi ji ko mala pahana di. narasi ki bhakti ka prakash sarvatr phail gaya. par kahate haian ki isi pap se rav manh‍dळik ka rajh‍y nashh‍t ho gaya.[2]

nidhan

narasi mehata ka nidhan 1480 ee. mean mana jata hai.


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 liladhar, sharma bharatiy charit kosh (hindi). bharatadiskavari pustakalay: shiksha bharati, 414.
  2. 2.0 2.1 pustak- bhakt charitaank | prakashak- gita pres, gorakhapur | vikrami sanvat- 2071 (varsh-2014) | prishth sankhya- 514

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