जयदेव

jayadev
poora nam jayadev
janm 1200 eesvi lagabhag
janm bhoomi gram- kenh‍dubilh‍v, jila- virabhoomi, bangal
abhibhavak pita- bhojadev, mata- vamadevi
pati/patni padmavati
mukhy rachanaean 'git govind' aur 'ratimanjari'
bhasha sanskrit
prasiddhi ye lakshman sen shasak ke darabari kavi the.
nagarikata bharatiy
any janakari sant mahipati jo bhakti vijay ke rachayita hai unhoanne shrimadbhagavatakar vyas ka avatar jayadev ko mana hai.

jayadev (aangrezi: Jayadeva lagabhag 1200 eesvi) sanskrit ke mahakavi the. ye lakshman sen shasak ke darabari kavi the. vaishnav bhakt aur sant ke roop mean jayadev sammanit the. jayadev 'gitagovind' aur 'ratimanjari' ke rachayita the. shrimadbhagavat ke bad radha-krishn lila ki adh‌bhut sahityik rachana unaki kriti ‘git govind’ ko mana gaya hai. jayadev sanskrit kaviyoan mean aantim kavi the. inaki sarvottam git rachana 'git govind' ke nam se sanskrit bhasha mean upalabdh huee hai. mana jata hai ki divy ras ke svaroop radha-krishn ki ramanalila ka stavan kar jayadev ne atmashaanti ki siddhi ki. sant mahipati jo bhakti vijay ke rachayita hai, unhoanne shrimadbhagavatakar vyas ka avatar jayadev ko mana hai.

parichay

prasiddh bhakt-kavi jayadev ka janh‍m paanch sau varsh poorv bangal ke virabhoomi jile ke anh‍targat kenh‍dubilh‍v namak gram mean hua tha. inake pita ka nam bhojadev aur mata ka nam vamadevi tha. ye bhojadev kanh‍yakubh‍j se bangal mean aye hue panch-brahmanoan mean bharadvaj gotraj shri harsh ke vanshaj the. mata-pita balh‍yakal mean hi jayadev ko akela chho dakar chal base the. ye bhagavan ka bhajan karate hue kisi prakar apana nirvah karate the. poorv-sansh‍kar bahut achh‍chhe hone ke karan inh‍hoanne kashh‍t mean rahakar bhi bahut achh‍chha vidyabhh‍yas kar liya tha aur saral prem ke prabhav se bhagavan shrikrishn ki param kripa ke adhikari ho gaye the.[1]

jayadev ki alaukik shakti

jayadev ke pita ko niranjan namak usi gaanv ke ek brahman ke kuchh rupaye dene the. niranjan ne jayadev ko sansar se udasin janakar unaki bhagavadbhakti se anuchit labh uthane ke vichar se kisi prakar unake ghar-dvar hathiyane ka nishh‍chay kiya. usane ek dash‍tavej banaya aur akar jayadev se kaha- "dekh jayadev ! maian tere radha-krishn ko aur gopi-krishh‍n ko nahian janata ya to abhi mere rupaye bh‍yaj-samet de de, nahian to is dash‍tavej par sahi karake ghar-dvar par mujhe apana kabh‍ja kar lene de!"

jayadev to sarvatha ni:sh‍prih the. unh‍hean ghar-dvar mean rattibhar bhi mamata nahian thi. unh‍hoanne kalam uthakar usi kshan dash‍tavej par hash‍takshar kar diye. niranjan kabh‍ja karane ki taiyari se aya hi tha. usane turant ghar par kabh‍ja kar liya. itane mean hi niranjan ki chhoti kanh‍ya dau dati huee apane ghar se akar niranjan se kahane lagi- "baba ! jalh‍di chalo, ghar mean ag lag gayi; sab jal gaya." bhakt jayadev vahian the. unake man mean dvesh-hiansa ka kahian lesh bhi nahian tha, niranjan ke ghar mean ag lagane ki khabar sunakar ve bhi usi kshan dau de aur jalati huee lal-lal lapatoan ke aandar usake ghar mean ghus gaye. jayadev ka ghar mean ghusana hi tha ki agni vaise hi adrishh‍y ho gayi, jaise jagate hi sapana!

jayadev ki is alaukik shakti ko dekhate hi niranjan ke netroan mean jal bhar aya. apani apavitr karani par pachhatata hua niranjan jayadev ke charanoan mean gir p da aur dash‍tavej ko pha dakar kahane laga- "dev ! mera aparadh kshama karo, maianne lobhavash tho de-se paisoan ke liye jan-boojhakar beeemani se tumh‍hara ghar-dvar chhin liya hai. aj tum n hote to mera tamam ghar khak ho gaya hota. dhanh‍y ho tum! aj maianne bhagavadbhakt ka prabhav jana." usi din se niranjan ka hriday shuddh ho gaya aur vah jayadev ke sang se labh uthakar bhagavan ke bhajan-kirtan mean samay bitane laga.

jagannath yatra

jayadev ne ghar-dvar chho dakar purushottam kshetr-puri jane ka vichar kiya aur apane gaanv ke parashar namak brahman ko sath lekar ve puri ki or chal p de. bhagavan ka bhajan-kirtan karate, magh‍n hue jayadev ji chalane lage. ek din marg mean jayadev ji ko bahut door tak kahian jal nahian mila. bahut jor ki garami p d rahi thi, ve ph‍yas ke mare vh‍yakul hokar jamin par gir p de. tab bhakt vaanchhakalh‍pataru hari ne sh‍vayan gopal-balak ke vesh mean padharakar jayadev ko kap de se hava ki aur jal tatha madhur doodh pilaya. tadananh‍tar marg batalakar unh‍hean shighr hi puri pahuancha diya. avashh‍y hi bhagavan ko chhadm vesh mean us samay jayadev ji aur unake sathi parashar ne pahachana nahian tha. parashar ko sath lekar ve bhagavan shri jagannath ji ke darshan karane chale. bhagavan ke darshan praph‍t kar jayadev ji bahut prasann hue. unaka hriday ananh‍d se bhar gaya! ve purushottam kshetr puri mean ek virakt sannh‍yasi ki bhaanti rahane lage. unaka koee niyat sh‍than nahian tha. pray: vriksh ke niche hi ve raha karate aur bhiksha dvara kshudha-nivritti karate. din-rat prabhu ka dhh‍yan, chinh‍tan aur gunagan karana hi unake jivan ka ekamatr kary tha.

gitagovind ki rachana

git govind

jayadev bangal ke senavansh ke antim naresh lakshmanasen ke ashrit mahakavi the. lakshmanasen ke ek shilalekh par 1116 ee. ki tithi hai, atah jayadev ne isi samay mean 'gitagovind' ki rachana ki hogi. 'gitagovind' mean shrikrishn ki gopikaoan ke sath rasalila, radhavishad varnan, krishn ke lie vyakulata, upalambh vachan, krishn ki radha ke lie utkantha, radha ki sakhi dvara radha ke virah santap ka varnan hai. ‘gitagovind’ kavy mean barah sarg haian, jinaka chaubis prabandhoan (khandoan) mean vibhajan hua hai. in prabandhoan ka upavibhajan padoan athava gitoan mean hua hai. pratyek pad athava git mean ath pady haian. gitoan ke vakta krishn, radha athava radha ki sakhi haian. atyant nairashy aur niravadhi-viyog ko chho dakar bharatiy prem ke shesh sabhi roopoan - abhilasha, eershya, pratyasha, nirasha, kop, man, punarmilan tatha harshollas adi ka b di tanmayata aur kushalata ke sath isamean varnan kiya gaya hai.

antakal

anh‍takal mean shri jayadev ji apani patiparayana path‍ni padmavati aur bhakt parashar, niranjan adi ko sath lekar vrindavan chale gaye aur vahaan bhagavan shrikrishn ki madhur lila dekh-dekhakar ananh‍d lootate rahe.

  • kahate haian ki vrinh‍davan mean hi damh‍pati deh th‍yagakar nith‍yaniketan golok padhar gaye.
  • kisi-kisi ka kahana hai ki jayadev ji ne apane gram mean sharir chho da tha aur unake ghar ke pas hi unaka samadhi-mandir banaya gaya.
  • shri jayadev ji ke sh‍maranarth prativarsh magh ki sankranti par kenh‍dubilh‍v gaanv mean ab bhi mela lagata hai, jisamean pray: lakh se adhik nar-nari ekatr hote haian.[1]


tika tippani aur sandarbh

  1. 1.0 1.1 pustak- bhakt charitaank | prakashak- gita pres, gorakhapur | vikrami sanvat- 2071 (varsh-2014) | prishth sankhya- 554

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